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Expert advice, Heal

Top 5 Interventions For Managing Asthma

Dr. Ravi Kshirsagar

MD (USA) PGDDE (UK) Consultant Physician and Diabetologist.

2 min read

 
Asthma is known to be a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In which, there is an obstruction to the constant airflow into the lungs. This obstruction causes symptoms like coughing, dyspnea and wheezing is observed prominently. These symptoms worsen if patients with asthma are exposed to a substance they are sensitive to or put in situations that challenge their regular breathing pattern. Here are five ways you could manage the trouble.
01

Self-Assessment

For patients suffering from asthma, both oral and written advice is helpful. It guides them to recognize the symptoms and signs of asthma and helps in managing it if it is worsening. Through education, anyone can help the patient to gain their confidence and contain asthma.

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02

Stepwise Progressive Management

In a study conducted by GOAL, it is observed that there is a possibility of attaining total control of asthma. The key to it is utilizing various therapy combinations. The study shows progress by extending the combination therapy for at least three months. It suppresses uncontrolled asthma symptoms. The advantage of combination therapy extends in the ability to control asthma with low corticosteroid doses while minimizing the number of inhalers.

03

SMART (Single Maintenance And Reliever Therapy)

The potential benefit of SMART strategy in the fact that the patient will parallelly receive added doses of inhaled corticosteroids along with a bronchodilator. These doses, when used with a combined inhaler for relief from a symptom. The medication will target anti-inflammatory cells to treat periods of defectively controlled asthma.

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04

Airway Inflammation Assessment

To control airway inflammation, the method of non-invasive biomarkers has administered an alternative way to patient-driven symptom management for the evaluation of asthma. With this non-invasive airway sampling technique, patients with refractory asthma and chronic cough can be managed. Airway inflammation can be assessed too.

05

Other Novel Therapeutic Options

The options include thermal bronchoplasty, tumour necrosis factor-alpha, antifungal agents or IL-5 and monoclonal antibodies targeting IgE. Yet, due to their invasive nature, there are adverse side effects and is not cost-effective. The treatments play a limited role in the management of patients with asthma and usually followed in patients with difficulty related to asthma.

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