Heal Sustainability
How to dispose ur trash to be eco-friendly

Vani Murthy

Founding Member of SWMRT, Brand Ambassador for Swachagraha & TEDx Speaker

4 min read


Trash or garbage is one of the biggest problems the world faces everyday. Waste has become a massive problem with piles of trash everywhere. Most of the trash/garbage we generate ends up in water bodies and landfills. The landfills and the unwanted burning of waste lead to the production of methane and other greenhouse gases. These gases are 20 times more dangerous than carbon dioxide and cause irreversible damage to the planet we are living in. It affects the quality of our lives.

To overcome this, everyone must take complete responsibility towards positive elimination of waste. A waste audit can help U analyze how much waste UR generating, what type of waste UR generating, which will help U map a systematic plan towards its degradation. Here are a few ways you can adapt to sustainable living practices:

  • Cloth bags as an alternative to plastic ones. The use of polypropylene biodegradable bags at the time of shopping.
  • Steel items instead of plastic one and disposables for foods.
  • Wooden clips instead of plastic clips for hanging out household items.
  • Use cloth pads and menstrual cups instead of sanitary pads. These are healthier and sustainable options.

Once we’ve reduced the waste. The next step is placing the waste according to the segregated system. In Bengaluru, we have a uniform colour coded system – 2 bins (green bin and red bin) and one bag.

Categories Of Waste

1st category
Dry waste(recyclable): Packaging, cardboard, newspapers, cinema tickets, plastic, metal cans, bus tickets and every bit of paper that can be recycled.

2nd category
Kitchen/food waste: Vegetable peels, fruit peels, coffee or tea powder.

3rd category
Sanitary waste: Medical waste, band-aids, sanitary pads, anything which is body contaminated.

Hazardous waste: Broken items like bottles etc.

This segregation is to ensure the safety and convenience of garbage collectors.

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The bag is for all the recyclables like cardboard packs, milk sachets (there is a need to ensure the packet is clean and no tiny amount of plastic on it goes wasted), tetra packs etc. This collection is to ensure no one handling the waste in the recycle areas come in contact with any dirt.

The green bucket contains nearly 60% of the total waste generated from the kitchens. It is compostable, great organic matter that needs to go back to the soil. By sending kitchen waste out and leading to the creation of a landfill, you will be directly contributing to global warming.


Chemical cleaners hurt the environment. Every cleaner we buy from the store has a lot of chemicals which get discharged from our homes when we use it and enters the waterways, enters the ground, and we don’t know where it ends up and how it pollutes the environment. We really don’t need to use chemicals at home. We can use homemade cleaners.


Composting is a method of disposing of/decomposing waste. The end product of composting is referred as compost or black gold. This organic matter is one of the best things we can do to return what we take away from the soil!

Here’s how compost can be generated –

  • Take a container with a lid (preferably an earthen pot), Add dry leaves to the base of the box.
  • To UR kitchen waste, add an accelerator, mix it well, add it back to the container and close it with a lid.
  • Follow the process until the bin/container gets filled.

In general, it takes 30 to 40 days for UR compost to be ready. Here, the dry leaves absorb moisture in your kitchen waste and an accelerator like buttermilk speeds up the process of composting. Ideally, one handful of compost contains more number of microorganisms than all the individuals on this planet. This compost, in return, acts as a biofertilizer and can be used for growing fruits and vegetables in indoor and outdoor spaces. Most importantly, food grown in living soil has more nutrients than ever!

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Chemical cleaners hurt the environment. Every cleaner we buy from the store has a lot of chemicals which get discharged from our homes when we use it and enters the waterways, enters the ground, and we don’t know where it ends up and how it pollutes the environment. We really don’t need to use chemicals at home. We can use homemade cleaners. It’s a fantastic way to stop discarding dangerous chemicals. Long back, in our culture, we used natural materials as soaps. One such material is soap nuts. It has multiple uses like for laundry, dishwashing, etc. Make it by soaking the soap nuts overnight. Squeeze them the next morning and they are now ready to use.

Use a loofah and coconut coir to scrub your vessels instead of plastics.
Avoid wasting fruit and veggie peel, they can be converted into a multipurpose cleaner with bio enzymes. These have a 1:3:10 composition of jaggery, citrus peels and water. It has to be left alone for three months to get the bio enzymes. Once it’s ready U can use it to clean everything – bathrooms, the kitchen benches, floors etc.

Don’t throw away banana waste, banana can make good compost, as the enzymes produced from it have a good source of potassium. Just leave the peels in a bottle for a week and then use this bio enzyme for the plants. In the same way, you can keep the peels of onions and garlic too. Use the resultant bio enzymes as pesticides.

Become eco-friendly citizens of this planet by recognizing how waste can be generated and managed at home. Find ways of giving back to Mother Earth!