Long, lustrous and healthy hair is something that we all desire, whether UR a man or a woman. Hair is one of the most prominent features, which accentuates our physical appeal and boosts self-confidence. As per Ayurveda, our hair health is a direct result of how well our bone tissue (marrow), focal sensory system and our gut function individually. This simply means, that any concerns which may arise and involve the health of UR bone tissue, sensory(neural) system and gut related framework can compromise UR hair health too! Growing hair concerns can vary from thinning, hair fall, dandruff, balding and eventually hair loss when we neglect our health or throw our dosha off balance. According to Ayurveda, there are three doshas as we know;
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2 Ingredient Hair Mask for Vata Dosha
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5 Smart Ways To Choose A Mask
5 Smart ways to Choose A Mask The most significant change in our new norm is wearing a face mask at all times while being outdoors. There's growing evidence that masks help curb the spread of the coronavirus. Although your mask is protecting you from COVID carriers in contaminated areas, a lot could be brewing under that shield that affects UR skin. Committing to wearing a mask all the time can raise questions on, how to choose what best suits you. Face masks create moisture that can affect the production of sebum in your skin, leading to clogged pores, white heads and breakouts. The worst part is that if any part of the mask touches any of the acne on your face, it can aggravate acne even further. At the same time, severe inflammation and eczema may also worsen. A few masks with rough mask edges can cause irritation, sores, or even cuts. Here is a checklist to keep in mind while choosing a mask. 1. Type of facemask Face masks can be split into two basic categories: disposable and reusable. Choosing a face mask that's reusable is, therefore, the financially, logistically, and environmentally friendlier option. Opt for a pure cotton mask to allow your skin to breathe even when the mask is on Ideally, masks should be made of tightly woven cotton instead of synthetic fabric, as they are more breathable and softer on the skin. 2. Fabric Fabrics with tighter weaves and thicker threads have been shown to block respiratory droplets more effectively than those with looser weaves and thinner threads. Masks with two or more layers of fabric are considered more effective than one layer masks. When choosing a face mask, opt for one that fits snugly over your mouth and nose. You don't want one that you'll have to touch repeatedly to adjust. It shouldn't feel uncomfortably tight, either. The mask should be breathable and easily washable. 3. Masks That Fit Due to our anatomy and cheekbone structure, few masks like surgical masks leave some gaps that don't provide protection. If you are using an N95 mask, it may not be suitable for children as it is too big for their face. So the key is to make sure you are covering the nose and mouth without suffocating yourself. 4. Mask Etiquette Don't contaminate your mask by touching it and avoid rubbing your chin against UR shoulder. The germs will end up landing on UR mask, which can make you more vulnerable to the virus. If you happen to sneeze, change your mask immediately. As a precaution, always carry an extra mask with you, even if UR using a reusable mask. 5. Disposing Masks Dispose one-time use masks after every use and avoid reusing them. Reusing invites skin rashes, breakouts, redness and unnecessary skin concerns. Its best to use cotton masks that can be washed or bio degradable masks that don’t pollute our environment.
How Emotions Affect UR Immunity
Our mind and body are eternally interlinked. Ailments of the body can manifest as psychological problems. Likewise, matters of mind like stress and anxiety can affect the functioning of the body and its responses, including immunity. Emotion is derived from the Latin term 'emovere', which means to stir up, to agitate and to excite. Emotions can be broadly grouped into two categories - positive and negative. Extroverts tend to be more socially active and are better at expressing their feelings. On the other hand, introverts tend to be withdrawn; hence, they conceal their emotions. People with good emotional health are aware of their feelings, thoughts, and behaviours. They have learned to cope with the stress and problems in a healthy way. It is well established that denial or suppression of emotions is not an effective strategy to deal with emotions. Infact it makes it worse. It is therefore essential that we acknowledge our feelings, reflect on its nature, and if unhelpful then put them aside as much as possible. The Covid-19 pandemic has unleashed an epidemic of emotional reactions such as fear, anxiety, sadness and stress. While many will experience transient anxiety, some will be pushed over the cusp, wherein their unremitting concern will turn into an ailment, or medical condition called anxiety disorder. Impact of emotional problems on health During emotional crisis one may ignore self-care, eat unhealthy diet, avoid activities or exercise. They may resort to maladaptive coping with alcohol, tobacco or tranquilising medicine (sleeping/calming pills). This has a negative bearing on general health. And when stress or stressors persist over a prolonged period, our 'fight or flight response' remains activated and that's not good for our health as it releases excessive stress hormones, and can wear us down physically and psychologically. Well established consequences of prolonged or recurring stress include high blood pressure, heart disease, stomach ulcer, as well as psychological problems like anxiety, depression and addiction. Unremitting stress can also over-activate the immune system - worsen arthritis and psoriasis, acne and even trigger asthma attacks. Besides, it can make you vulnerable to infections and allergies. There is evidence that an effectively managed stress and emotions can have a positive impact on the nervous and immune system. For instance, relaxation activities such as massage, humour, listening to music, reading can have a benefit on overall health and reduces stress hormones in the body. Express UR feelings in an appropriate way If feelings of sadness, stress, or anxiety are causing problems, keeping these feelings inside can make you feel worse. They say "a problem shared is a problem halved", which means when in difficulty it is useful to talk to someone about it. In doing so, you share the burden, move onto solutions and in the process, learn about yourself. It's is essential to deal with negative feelings, but also focus on the positive things in UR life. It will help if you also find ways to let go of things in UR life that are unhelpful while making time for things you enjoy. So, it's okay to let UR loved ones know when something is bothering you. Moreover, keep in mind that UR family and friends may not always be able to help you deal with your feelings appropriately. At these times, try asking someone outside the situation for help. A professional can provide independent, timely and objective advise/support that might help you bounce back as well as improve your emotional health. Other strategies for a balanced life • Even in difficulties, make an effort to resume and maintain a healthy and active routine with balanced diet and exercise (30 - 45 mins of moderate-intensity for 4-5 days per week) • To manage our reactions, we need to acknowledge, understand and accept our emotions. In doing so, we shall cope better and come out of this crisis being more resourceful, rejuvenated and rested. Meditation is an effective and time tested strategy to bring about emotional awareness and mind-body harmony. • Take care of UR body by having enough sleep - ideally 7-8 hours per night. Sleep is essential for rest and recovery from day to day assaults on our body and mind. • Avoid abuse of alcohol or drugs as they can worsen UR health, UR anxiety and relationship problems. • Remember, to be grateful for what you have, think positive, curb negative thoughts where possible, smile more often, and do things to keep yourself positive and happy. • A consistently balanced life is a healthier life. Developing resilience Resilience is the ability to face stress and challenges and to bounce back and recover. To develop resilience, one ought to take up and face challenges and reflect on the difficulties while finding solutions. In doing so, one learns to improvise and move from problems to a solution orientation. Other methods include mobilising social support, keeping a positive view of yourself, accepting change, and keeping things in perspective. An emotionally stable person is thus at a much better position to develop resilience. Emotional awareness is not just crucial for a peaceful, calm and healthy life and healthy relationships, but it also has a positive impact on UR immunity. As a lack of it can contribute to building up of stress, which compromises immunity and makes one susceptible to infection and other ailments. Dr Roshan Jain, 16 May 2020
Caring For UR Eyes & UR Contact Lenses
Wearing glasses can pose to be a hindrance for certain physical activities, especially sports and athletics. Therefore, the use of contact lenses has significantly grown around the world and it is here to stay, as it is very easy to use them. However, a majority of individuals use contact lenses for cosmetic reasons. These thin lens that are placed directly on the eye has come a long way since its introduction, in terms of the material that is used in manufacturing (hard, semisoft or gas permeable and soft), wearability, oxygen permeability and more importantly, comfort. Types Of Contact Lenses And How To Use Them Nowadays, about 90 to 95 per cent people use soft contact lenses worldwide, due to their comfort and availability Contact lenses are available in many varieties depending on usage time and replacement: Daily disposable lenses – popular, good but expensive – discard after a single use. Weekly disposable lenses – change them every week. Biweekly, monthly or three-month disposables. Yearly lenses – though it can be used approximately for one year, if you have discomfort and if you notice deposits on the lens or if the lens is damaged, replace it immediately. Spherical lenses are the most prevalent variety used. Toric lenses are for those who have high cylinder power. Bifocals or multifocal contacts for those who need distant and near vision. Coloured contact lenses to alter the appearance of your natural eye colour. Extended wear contact lenses – this type of contact lens is designed to be worn overnight, and they need to be removed for cleaning and disinfection once a week. It is strongly recommended that contact lenses should be removed before sleeping. The eyes need oxygen. So while awake, during constant movements of the eye, sufficient oxygen reaches the eyes. But when you sleep with your contact lenses in, the amount of oxygen is reduced to your eyes, making your eyes vulnerable to infection and the development of corneal ulcers. Corneal infections (ulcers) are very serious, difficult to treat and may lead to corneal blindness, especially if neglected and delayed. Problems With Using Contact Lenses For Too Long Blurred vision – dryness Irritation of eyes – due to allergy Pain Sensitivity to light Excessive watering Overgrowth of surrounding blood vessels near the cornea Red eyes What Not To Do Don’t use your lenses for beyond eight to ten hours a day. Avoid lenses on weekends and as soon as you reach home. Don’t overuse lenses and stick to the stipulated duration as suggested by the ophthalmologist. Quote Change the solution in the contact lens case every day to avoid any eye infections. Overtime the comfort comes down and wearable time gets reduced. This is known as contact lens intolerance. So if you experience any of the above mentioned problems discontinue using your lenses and meet your eye care practitioner for advice. Contact Lenses Hygeine Dos & Don’ts Of Using Contact Lenses A regular eye check-up as suggested by your eye care specialist Change the solution in the contact lens case every day Clean your hands while inserting and removing contact lenses Clear your contact lens case every week Check the contact lens daily before use Look for dust and deposits on the lens Look for cracks and tears, especially at the edges Discard damaged lenses
Skin Remedies For Pitta
Everyone desires to have beautiful & radiant skin throughout the year, I mean, who doesn’t? But the sad part is that not everyone is born with flawless skin we all yearn for. Self-care takes time, patience and a lot of tests and trials until we find what works for our skin and soul. I’m sure we all can agree that we’ve all exhausted our savings and product trials to the max. But, have you tried something different from what you were doing all along? How about taking an organic and holistic approach to nip UR skin concerns in the bud The Ayurvedic Approach Well, according to Ayurveda, all the three Doshas (Vata, Pitta and Kapha) are involved either solely or work in combination when there are different skin or health conditions at play. What’s the connection between skin and dosha you ask? We find many people saying that their skin is extremely sensitive or oily and they just can’t use any product right off the shelf because it just didn’t work in the past or will in the future. The Ayurvedic Doshas also help define what works for sensitive, dry & oily skin types by using natural remedies. This can work wonders when you know which dosha UR skin belongs to. If you don't know which dosha then you can try taking our dosha quiz and know more about UR Prakriti, it's skin characteristics and much more! Though every person has a unique blueprint, each dosha requires different treatment and attention. So, scroll down to know the ancient royal remedies for UR skin according to UR dosha! What Happens When UR Dosha's Are Imbalanced? When your mind and body are in balance, it is much easier to make both of them feel better, and not just one or the other. There are three primary doshic states: Balanced: All three doshas are present in their natural proportion Aggravated: A particular dosha is in excess Decreased: A particular dosha is depleted Have you ever found that you can instinctively crave something green after a day of consuming too many sweets? That is UR body trying to balance itself naturally. If you find that you now feel sick after eating the same junky foods you used to consume without any issues all the time, then that's a sign that you're body is in balance; and it is trying to subconsciously ignore the foods that will throw you off balance. There are many foods and lifestyle choices, which can easily compromise UR dosha balance. This can affect any individual in many ways starting from skin concerns to serious health concerns, which is why it is even more important to know UR dosha. Anyone falls under the Pitta Prakriti usually has a rosy complexion and has a sensitive skin type. When Pitta is imbalanced in the body, one may face a few skin concerns like; acne, dark spots, rosacea, psoriasis and eczema. DIY Facepack For Pitta Ingredients Gram flour: 1 tbsp Rosewater: 2 tbsp Aloe vera gel: 1 tbsp Turmeric: ½ tsp Chandan (sandalwood): 1 tsp Lime: 3-4 of drops Liquorice root powder (yashtimadhu): 1 tbsp Method Mix all the ingredients well in a small bowl. Apply the mixture evenly on UR face. Let it rest for about 15-20 minutes. Wash with warm water once it gets dry with water and doesn’t forget to moisturize UR face. Skin Tips For Pitta Stay away from chemically-filled products that can irritate and inflame your skin. Choose natural and pure products made with plant-based extracts. Choose ingredients in UR skincare that calm and balance the pH levels in UR skin. Look for coconut, sunflower, grape seed, licorice root, lavender, rose and tea tree. Avoid acidic foods like tomatoes and vinegar—they create too much heat. Same goes for spicy foods, as too much of them can lead to flushing of UR skin. Eat more cooling foods, like cucumber, zucchini, watermelon, cantaloupe and pears.
All About Sickle Cell Disease
The word sickle cell means the red blood cells take the shape of a sickle or crescent moons making it difficult for these cells to move around easily through the blood vessels. This slows down or could even block the adequate flow of oxygen and blood to the different parts of the body causing health problems. In adults the haemoglobin is of three variants: • HbA: This involves a significant portion of 95 to 98 per cent • HbA2: This involves 1.5 per cent to 3.5 per cent • HbF: This involves less than 2 per cent and is age dependent Haemoglobin is a tetrameric protein composed of two pairs of globin chains each with a heme group. In sickle cell disease or sickle cell anaemia, there is a point mutation of the beta-globin chain, thus impacting in replacement of glutamic acid to valine residue in the beta-globin which causes sickling of the RBC. Sickle haemoglobin is HbS which is responsible for sickle cell disease. It leads to micro- vasculature obstruction and tissue damage. Sickle cell disease is a group of blood disorders typically inherited from a person's parents. Causes Sickle cell disease is an inherited disorder causing red blood cell distortion, destruction. The inheritance is homozygous for sickle cell disease if transferred from both the patients. If inheritance from one parent impacts in the milder form, it is called sickle cell trait (Hb AS). The HbSS molecules (RBC) build up into polymers when deoxygenated, yet giving rise to chronic haemodialysis, microvascular occlusions at the same time tissue damage. During deoxygenation, the cytoplasm in red blood cell/RBC turns from free-flowing liquid into viscous gel and assemble themselves into long needle-like fibres within RBC and produce a sickle shape. ________________________________________ Symptoms Young patients will show signs of the following: • Weakness • Jaundice (due to RBC destruction) • Painful bones (due to hypoxia caused by microvascular occlusion due to haemolysis) • Fever, cough and chest pain if the lungs are involved • Erectile dysfunction in males after puberty • Stroke • Retinopathy, loss of vision and blindness • Shock due to rapid splenic enlargement • Worsening of anaemia and aplasia if there is an infection by a virus, especially parvovirus B19 • The patient loses the ability to concentrate urine and thus becomes dehydrated and the vicious cycle continues Diagnosis, Treatment And Complications Diagnosis • Prenatal diagnosis by analysis of fetal DNA by amniocentesis or chorionic biopsy • Haemoglobin electrophoresis • High-performance liquid chromatography Treatment • Mainly by giving hydroxyurea (which is a DNA synthesis inhibitor), it increases levels of HbF and thus decreases HbS levels; it also has an anti-inflammatory effect • Blood transfusions if anemia is severe • As it is a genetic disorder, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is the cure Complications • Increased infections • Congestive heart failure • Stroke
Are Birth Control Pills Safe?
Birth control pills or oral contraceptive pills are hormonal medications that prevent pregnancy. These may contain combinations of the hormones estrogen and progestin or progestin alone. They are one of the methods of birth control and spacing between children. How It Works While the pill obstructs the ovaries from releasing eggs every month (ovulation), it also thickens the mucus inside the neck of the womb. It prevents the sperm from penetrating the womb and reach an egg. It also lessens the lining of the womb so that there is less probability of a fertilised egg infusing into the womb and grow. Safe Or Unsafe? A 39-year-old study following 46,000 women showed that the pill does not raise death risk and might even help women live longer. Therefore, the birth control pill is an accepted and highly effective method of birth control, if taken correctly. Moreover, the tablet has less than one per cent failure rate. For women who miss taking their medicines, the lack of success rate elevates roughly to eight per cent. Otherwise, eight out of a hundred women become pregnant unintentionally. Beginning on the first day of your period: If you start the combined pill on the first day of your period (day one of your menstrual cycle), you will be straight away safeguarded from pregnancy and will not need additional contraception. Beginning on the fifth day of your cycle or before: In case you start the pill on the fifth day of your period or earlier, you will need additional contraception, such as barrier methods until the next cycle. Care Instructions On The Combined Pill In case there are no medical reasons involved, you can take the pill until menopause. However, you should avoid the pill if you are pregnant, are a smoker and aged 35 or more, have stopped smoking less than a year ago, are overweight and take certain medications. Additionally, you should also avoid the pill if you have (or have had): • Thrombosis (a blood clot) in your vein, maybe in your leg or lungs • Anyone in your close family below the age group of 45 with a blood clot • Stroke or any other disease that reduces the functioning of the arteries • Severe migraine, especially with aura (warning symptoms) • Breast cancer • Any disease of the gallbladder or liver • A heart irregularity or heart disease, including high blood pressure • Diabetes with complications or diabetic for the past 20 years Advantages & Disadvantages Of Using Birth Control Pills • You will have lighter periods and also less frequent periods • The birth control pill can reduce heavy bleeding, pain and severity of endometriosis and fibroid tumours • The intake of birth control pills may reduce the risk of pelvic inflammatory disease, uterine cancer and ovarian cancer Side Effects • A woman’s general danger of blood clots is approximately one in 10,000. Still, due to the higher risk for blood clots, strokes, and heart attacks, estrogen-containing birth control is not advisable if you have the above risk factors • The hormones in the pill can alter the level of your sexual desire • You may also notice spotting or bleeding between periods (this is more common with progestin-only pills) sore breasts, nausea, or headaches • Acne or premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) may also get exacerbated due to birth control pills
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Ayushman Bharat – A Scheme To Empower Health
Ayushman Bharat - A Scheme To Empower Health The idea of giving essential healthcare services to the underprivileged Indians gave birth to the Ayushman Bharat Yojana by our PM Narendra Modi in 2018. This scheme covers Rupees five lakh insurance to every (BPL) household annually for their healthcare. Research states that families living under the below poverty line had no hope for saving themselves with curable diseases due to poverty. To make this scheme accessible for the underprivileged, the government empanelled private hospital along with the public hospitals all over the nation. This scheme paved the way to make India the only country that provides the largest healthcare solely based on government funding in the world. In this honour, 30 April is observed as Ayushman Bharat Diwas across the country. Initially, this scheme was rejected by West Bengal, Telangana, Odisha, Delhi, Kerala and Punjab. But by 2020, this scheme was embraced by the state of Punjab. UR guide to Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana Benefits • Cashless and free medical treatment • 50 crores beneficiaries in the scheme • Covers everyone in the family (Doesn’t apply the condition to the number of family members) • No empanelled hospital can deny treatment • Quality health care • Hospitals are not allowed to increase the amount for treatment • Any eligible candidate can access the healthcare package from anywhere in India • Improves quality of life the people Means of delivery: Health And Wellness Centres: This scheme envisions providing one and a half lakh health centres that give services like comprehensive health care, maternal and child health care and treats non-communicable diseases. It also aims to provide free pharmaceuticals drugs along with diagnostics. Network hospitals, both private and public: The government empanel hospitals to treat PMJAY patients on a cashless basis with fixed costs of procedures/ailments. Eligibility criteria Population covered under the scheme is based on SECC (Socio-Economic Caste Census) 2011 data For Rural Areas: • Families living under the Below Poverty line • Families without adult supervision (without people under the age limit of 16 to 59 years) • A family consisting of disabled members without and able-bodied guardian • SC/ST communities household • manual labourers • People receiving alms for survival • People from the tribe community • Families with jobs such as manual scavengers • Bonded labourers that are legally released For Urban Areas: • Ragpickers • Beggars • Domestic workers • Hawkers • Sanitization workers • Artisans/ handicraft workers • Watchmen • Electrician/ mechanics/ repair workers • Truck drivers/ conductors/ rickshaw drivers • Peons/assistants/ attendants etc. The progress so far More than 28,000 healthcare centres are set up in the country. In less than three months of the introduction of the scheme, six lakh people benefited from the services. All states and Union Territories have received substantial funds for free drugs and diagnostics centres. More than 20,000 private hospitals are empanelled with the scheme. More than 12 crore cards are issued all over the country to avail the benefits of this scheme. Approximately more than 97.97 Lakh people are admitted in the hospital under this scheme. Provide a range of packages for treatment that include around 1579 packages for both surgical and medical. The treatment packages include a diagnostic charge 3 days before hospitalization and free drugs up to 15 days after hospitalization. Launched an efficient method to curb overcharging and exploitation of the scheme. A 24*7 grievance response portal is set up. The exploitation of the scheme The privileged people found a way to find loopholes in the scheme and are pocketing public funds through these loopholes. The first instance of this exploitation came into the limelight from Nainital, where the claims were fraudulent. As the scheme covers around 24 specialities of the medical sector, hospitals claimed to give these treatments to the patients without being equipped for such services. Dialysis is the first choice of fraudulent claims. Overcharging for the treatment and exploitation of public funds by the pretence of hospitalization without having a medical issue also came to light. The Government of India set up a fool-proof verification system to restrain these fraudulent claims by setting up a backend verification technology. During COVID-19 To reduce the panic during the current pandemic of Coronavirus, the testing and treatment of COVID-19 are now available at all the empanelled hospitals under the Ayushman Bharath Yojana. This also includes free testing to detect the presence of the virus. A helpline number, 1075 has been set up for the same cause. FHPL Family Health Plan Insurance (FHPL) is a licensed Third Party Administrator (TPA). We act as a bridge to the beneficiaries and their healthcare providers. FHPL is now tied-up with five states across the country to provide easy access to beneficiaries of PM-JAY and state-sponsored healthcare schemes. The Five States are Gujarat Uttarakhand West Bengal Punjab Assam Milestones FHPL has helped more than 1.2 crore families. Served more than 5 crore lives. Spread in more than 70 districts. Local Implementation In the 28 states and 8 Union Territories of India, Delhi, Punjab, Odisha, West Bengal and Telangana opted out of ‘Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Aarogya Yojana’. As of 2019, the state of Punjab embraced the scheme and issued more than 40, 50,000 and 62, 50,000 cards till date respectively. The healthcare scheme of the states that rejected PM-JAY Telangana The state refused to participate in the Ayushman Bharat Yojana as it already implemented Aarogyasri scheme that provides healthcare to over 80 lakh families. The state healthcare package involves organ transplant also that is not a part of the Ayushman Bharat Yojana. Benefits of Aarogyasri scheme • Financial protection of 2 lakhs per annum for surgery or serious diseases • Redeeming of 949 treatments under the scheme • Covers therapy, surgery and hospitalization • Cashless treatment Odisha According to the Ayushman Bharat Yojana, offered to secure 61 lakh families under the scheme. The requirements of the state were higher by 9 more lakh families. Due to this, the state hasn’t yet implemented this scheme in their state. The state is implementing its healthcare scheme named ‘Biju Swasthya Kalyan Yojana (BSKY)’ Benefits of Biju Swasthya Kalyan Yojana (BSKY) • Free diagnostic services in government hospitals • Free dialysis at the district level • Spectacles for students • Free cataract operations • Transportation reimbursement for pregnant women living in inaccessible areas West Bengal After comprehensive research on the state implemented scheme and the national scheme, West Bengal opted out of the central scheme. They are implementing Swasthya Sathi (SS) health protection scheme providing protection for 1.5 crore families. Benefits of Swasthya Sathi (SS) health protection scheme • Smart card, paperless and cashless based package • Reinforced IT backdrop to reduce fraudulent claims • No limit to family size and age • Covers severe diseases like cancer and the ones that require neurosurgery • 24*7 toll-free call centre • Mobile app for assisting beneficiaries
Gynaecological Issues That Lead To Weight Gain
Weight gain can be considered as an epidemic in modern times. Apart from medical causes, there are some gynaecological issues due to which a woman can put on weight. When the causes are arranged according to their organ of origin, it can be linked to these gynaecological issues that can probably cause weight gain: Uterine - Tumours like fibroids Ovarian - Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) Ovarian tumours/cancers Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) This is the usual hormonal concern faced by women of the reproductive age. The ovaries release an egg with the help of follicles during every menstruation cycle. When affected with PCOS, these follicles stop growing and hence don’t release an egg. Under a scan, the follicles are depicted as small fluid-filled spaces, hence the name polycystic ovaries. Due to delayed ovulation and hormonal changes, there is an increase in insulin resistance in the body. This leads to the formation of male hormones. Coupled together, these are visible as irregular cycles, weight gain, acne, infertility and hirsutism. In PCOS, this increased insulin resistance is the primary cause of deranged carbohydrate metabolism. This is the primary cause of the accumulated fat, resulting in weight gain. Thus, it is difficult to lose weight when a woman has PCOS. Treatment 1. The basic procedure for PCOS is diet, exercise and lifestyle changes. The preferred diet is the one which is low in carbohydrates and rich in protein. The scale of exercise on a day-to-day basis should be moderate to severe. Work towards maintaining an ideal Body Mass Index (BMI). Physical activity and weight help you reach the ideal BMI. 2. Secondary treatment for PCOS deal with symptoms. Individual treatments are given for acne, irregular cycles, hair growth and infertility. Ovarian Tumours/ Ovarian Cancers Large ovarian tumours like germ cell tumours could also be the cause of weight gain. In some cases, the tumours could grow as big as to weigh in kilograms. In such cases, symptoms like bloating, abdominal fullness and weight gain are evident. It is important to note that in ovarian cancers, the tumours grow in bulk. They remain hidden and undetected until the growth is massive. The patient usually suffers from symptoms like increasing abdominal girth and weight gain (even when not pregnant and; but in very advanced stages, they may have cachexia as well as weight loss). Treatment For ovarian tumours, the treatment is surgical. The tumours are removed if they are benign. But in cases of ovarian cancer, a de-bulking surgery followed by chemotherapy is adopted. Fibroids If your tummy is showing up, you are bloated, or you have gained weight even when you have not changed your eating habits, and you are not pregnant, all these symptoms generally add up to fibroids. Fibroids are asymptomatic and are usually diagnosed during routine examinations or an ultrasound. Massive fibroids are readily evident as they can make your abdomen swell up. They are either single or multiple fibroids. However, the exact cause behind the growth of fibroids is still unknown. Research states that some women with high estrogen levels are vulnerable to develop fibroids. Those with family history and few ethnic populations seem to have good chances of developing fibroids (comparatively, African females have better chances of developing fibroids than Asian women). If fibroids are massive, they may also cause weight gain. Treatment There are various options available. For large fibroids, usually, surgical treatment is suggested. Some of the conservative options include uterine artery embolisation (UAE) and medical management. Speak to your Gynaecologist for the suggestions that best suit your condition. Obesity/weight gain is an essential concern in the current era and should be adequately addressed, as there are multiple problems associated with it. PCOS is not just associated with weight gain, but also with various other long-term concerns like infertility, hypertension, developing Type 2 diabetes at an earlier age, stroke, cardiovascular diseases and many other risks. Nevertheless, PCOS is a lifestyle disorder. It can be easily controlled by taking care of the diet and regular exercise. PCOS can also be controlled by incorporating simple lifestyle changes and by including specific activities on a daily basis.
Top 5 Things You Need To Do To Maintain UR Health
Top 5 things you need to do to maintain UR health All of us know the importance of a healthy lifestyle.We all have a busy schedule and find it difficult to maintain a healthy and sound life with exercises and diet. But we cannot afford to ignore our health. It’s the most important thing to carry out our daily activities. They don’t say ‘health is wealth’ for no reason! Here are some healthy tips to follow… Visit UR doctor Men are known to avoid doctors in difficult situations by ignoring unusual symptoms. Don’t let complacency take a toll on UR health. Schedule yearly checkups with UR doctor. UR doctor can help monitor your weight, blood pressure, and the level of cholesterol in your blood. Excess weight, high blood pressure, and high blood cholesterol are risk factors for various diseases. Adapt to new lifestyle changes that UR doctor is recommending to keep everything in control. Eat natural foods Packaged and processed foods are packed with sugar, salt, unhealthy fats, artificial additives and calories. Limit the fake stuff and eat variety of fresh fruits and vegetables, whole-grain products, such as brown rice and whole-grain bread, fibre-rich foods, such as beans and leafy greens. When you go out for grocery shopping, avoid the aisles and go in the perimeter of the store. This is where you’ll typically find the freshest foods. Exercise, exercise and exercise Regular exercise is one of the best ways to prevent heart disease and keep your heart healthy. Exercising also helps to improve UR overall physical and mental well-being. Try to get at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise, or 75 minutes of vigorous aerobic exercise, every week. Get UR vitamins A well balanced diet can give you all the important vitamins and minerals needed by UR body. Eating a wide variety of vitamin- and mineral-rich foods, such as fresh fruits, veggies and whole grains also provide heart-healthy fibre and natural antioxidant compounds that can help lower your risk of certain diseases. Quit unhealthy habits Smoking is one of the worst habits you can pick up due to different reasons. But no reason is good enough to smoke! Secondhand smoke is hazardous too. Smoking and secondhand smoke exposure can also cause other health conditions, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), emphysema, and heart disease. They also raise your risk of developing many types of cancer. Other unhealthy habits include excessive alcohol consumption and drug use. They’re both linked to many severe health conditions.
Say No To Tobacco
Smoking Kills," we already know that, don't we? It's repeated over and over again, it's plastered onto cigarette boxes, and it's a leading cause of cancer. This deadly habit has a chain reaction of damaging results in almost every organ of our body. Some of the effects of this habit can vary from person-to-person and are dependent on factors such as; weight, underlying health conditions and the extent of tobacco use. Let's get this straight first. Tobacco consumption, in any form, is harmful. It is the most preventable cause of death in the world. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), in the 20th century, tobacco-caused 100 million deaths. Tobacco kills almost half its user, about eight million each year. Over seven million of these deaths are a result of direct tobacco use. At the same time, more than 1.2 million deaths are the result of people who are exposed to second-hand smoke. Tobacco contains around 7000 chemicals, including arsenic, formaldehyde, cyanide, lead, ammonia, carbon monoxide, acrolein, and other poisonous substances besides nicotine. More than 70 of these chemicals are carcinogenic or cancer forming chemicals. Nicotine in tobacco is one of the most addictive substance around, which may surprise a lot of people. Perhaps as much or more addictive than heroin. When used regularly, nicotine latches on to you like a leech and demands continuous supply, even against your will. Different Forms Of Tobacco Innumerable people are addicted to nicotine (one of the most habit-forming substances known to man) in various forms. Some smoke, others sniff or chew it. Smoking is the most common way in which people indulge and consume nicotine. But there are different forms of tobacco use: • Cigarettes • Cigars and beedi • Electronic cigarettes or vaping • Hookah • Chewing tobacco including gutka, khaini Every different form of tobacco comes with its own set of consequences on our health. Effects Of Tobacco Usage On Our Body Tobacco affects our body in many ways starting from the brain, mouth, heart, lungs, skin and our muscles. Here is how tobacco affects these different parts of our body. Brain Nicotine affects the different regions in our brain, which are responsible for attention, memory, learning and our brain's plasticity. Nicotine can reduce brain activity, affect concentration and memory. Nicotine exposure can harm brain development when exposed during adolescence. Remember, nicotine may give you a sense of relaxation but also escalate anxiety and sleep problems. Using tobacco daily can cause headaches and dizziness. Mouth Nicotine stains the teeth, damage the gums, give you bad breath and ruins the taste buds. Smoking and chewing tobacco cause mouth cancer and throat cancer. Heart Smoking tobacco increases the heart rate and blood pressure and causes heart disease and heart attacks. It reduces cardiac efficiency, thereby making it difficult to engage and keep up with physical activities such as exercise and sports. Lungs Regular smokers lung is progressively damaged, thereby making our breathing inefficient. Consequently, smokers waking moments are more miserable as much as its negative impact of breathing during sleep. If someone has Asthma, it is best not to smoke as it can precipitate asthma attacks. Don't forget the increased likelihood of chest infection across the year. Muscles Tobacco decreases the blood supply and oxygen to the muscles, making exercises more strenuous and tiring. Skin Tobacco causes the skin to become dry, yellow and age faster when compared to a non-smoker. Smokers skin is less perfused with blood; therefore, they appear tired and unhealthy. The smell of the cigarettes also tends to stick to the skin. Diseases Caused By Tobacco Usage • Lung diseases like COPD and bronchitis and Asthma • Lung cancer • Mouth and throat cancer • Colon cancer • Stomach cancer • Pancreatic cancer • Heart disease • Stroke • Reproductive effects • Diabetes • Premature births • Blindness, cataracts, age-related macular degeneration What Is Second-hand Smoke? Second-hand smoke is smoke from burning tobacco products, such as cigarettes, cigars, or pipes, and one that is exhaled by the person smoking. There is nothing as a risk-free level of second-hand smoke exposure, as even brief exposure is harmful both for a non-smoker as well as smokers. The only way you can protect non-smokers from second-hand smoke is to avoid smoking indoors or in enclosed spaces. Health Risks Of Second-hand Smoke While it is quite apparent that second-hand smoke is still smoke that contains deadly toxins, it is also essential to understand the hazardous effects on health. As per the CDC, second-hand smoke cause health problems in infants and children, including frequent and severe asthma attacks, ear infections, respiratory infections, and sudden infant death syndrome. Smoking during pregnancy annually results in more than 1,000 infant deaths. Heart ailments and lung cancer are more frequent in adults exposed to second-hand smoke. But there are immediate health effects as well, and that depends on the exposure time. Exposure time to second-hand smoke and effects: • 5 minutes – stiffens the main artery that supplies oxygenated blood • 20-30 minutes – causes blood clotting and the build-up of fat deposits in blood vessels, causing stroke and heart attack. • 2 hours – increases the chances of developing arrhythmias and can trigger a fatal cardiac arrest. Besides, with longer the exposure, there is a significant and higher risk of the deposit of harmful substances in various organs. This results in an increased risk of developing respiratory disorders similar to a smoker, including the risk of lung and other cancers. How To Quit Smoking And Use Of Tobacco Products? While it is conscious thought of choosing a healthy lifestyle, it could be tough when it comes to the reality of quitting smoking. Nonetheless, 'better late than never', as it's never pleasant being dependent on anything. Nicotine is very addictive; therefore withdrawing from it can be discomforting, including intense craving, restlessness and irritability. Given the addictive nature of nicotine, willpower will play a vital role in deciding to come of this terrible and deadly habit and to choose a healthier lifestyle, but it's not sufficient to stay off it. Apart from professional help and motivational counselling, here are some practical tips: • Remember, change can be hard, and motivation is dynamic and subject to significant fluctuation. So, start with 'one crave at a time' and work your way to 'one day at a time'. Build on successes of the previous day or learning from the lack of it. It is well known that the craving, when unattended, become less intense and fizzles out over time. • Write a smoking diary to identify patterns of smoking, especially the time of "critical" cigarettes (smoked after a meal, etc.). Such a journal will also help identify triggers those powerful urges to smoke. Try and cut down on non-essential cigarettes first before venturing into critical ones. As address the triggers one by one. • Choose a day to quit, and arrange a ceremonial burial of cigarette and paraphernalia. • Admitting your intention to quit in a formal announcement to your friends and family will help by forcing you to stick to it. • Designate someone (ideally spouse or partner) to remind, encourage, support and push you to achieve your goals. • Delay and distract your urges to smoke with juices, healthy snack, mint, etc. Smoker often has difficulties in discerning urge to smoke from hunger. So, consuming a small meal can remedy those rising craves. • Avoid the company of smoker and drinking environment initially. Only after you have better control over the urges, you may attempt exposing yourself to a higher risk situation for further desensitisation from urge to smoke or chew tobacco. • Take up exercise to reap the benefit of more unobstructed breathing in the aftermath of a smoke-free life. • Importantly, consider nicotine substitutes like a patch, chewing gums or e-cigarettes. Be informed that these substitutes are ideally taken under professional guidance and support. Don't just switch from one habit to another. Research suggests that majority who try to quit without specialist advice (including motivational therapy)and nicotine replacement (NRT) relapse to smoking soon afterwards. • Finally, there is medication to reduce craving and associated anxiety. These require a formal script from a practising physician or a psychiatrist. Final points to note Quitting smoking or tobacco may be the best thing you will do in your lifetime. If you don't succeed, then try again and again, do something different each time. Lack of successes in quitting and return to smoking can never be the end of the road. Instead, it must be seen as progress on the cycle of change and towards better health. So, don't quit on quitting!
Everything You Need To Know About Brain Tumours
What is a brain tumour? A tumour, in general, is a collection of abnormal cells in your any part of the body. Brain tumours are located inside the skull. The skull encloses the brain, which is very rigid! Any abnormal growth inside this restricted space can cause problems. Brain tumours can be cancerous (malignant) or noncancerous (benign). When benign or malignant tumours grow, they increase the pressure inside your skull. This additional pressure can cause brain damage and can be life-threatening. Brain tumours are categorized as primary or secondary. A primary brain tumour originates in your brain. Many primary brain tumours are benign. Metastatic brain tumour, also known as a secondary brain tumour occurs when the cancer cells spread to the brain from a different organ of the body. Types of brain tumours Primary brain tumours originate in your brain. They can develop from your: • brain cells • membranes surrounding your brain, which is called meninges • nerve cells • glands Primary tumours can either be benign or cancerous. Gliomas and meningiomas are common types of brain tumours in adults. Gliomas Gliomas are tumours that develop from glial cells. These cells normally: • provide nutrition to your central nervous system • supports the structure of the central nervous system • break down dead neurons • clean cellular waste Gliomas tumours can develop from different types of glial cells. Other primary brain tumours Other primary brain tumours include: • Pituitary tumours, which are usually benign • Pineal gland tumours, which can be benign or malignant • Ependymomas are generally benign • Craniopharyngiomas occur mostly in children and could be benign, but these can change clinical symptoms like in vision or premature puberty • Primary central nervous system (CNS) lymphomas that are malignant • Primary germ cell tumours of the brain can be benign or malignant • Meningiomas originate in the meninges • Schwannomas arise in cells that produce the protective cover of your nerves (myelin sheath) called Schwann cells Risk factors for brain tumours Family history About 5 to 10 per cent of all cancers are genetically inherited, or hereditary. It’s rare for a brain tumour to be inherited genetically. Seek a specialist doctor if several people in your family have been diagnosed with a brain tumour. Your doctor might recommend a genetic counsellor in that case. Age With age, the risk toward most types of brain tumours increases as well. Race Brain tumours, in general, are the most common in Caucasians. However, African-Americans are also more likely to find meningiomas. Chemical exposure Being exposed to certain chemicals, even those that you find at your work environment can increase the risk for brain cancer. Exposure to radiation People exposed to ionizing radiation have an increased risk of brain tumours. Ionizing radiation can occur through high-radiation cancer therapies. Radiation from nuclear fallout has similar effects. In the past, the nuclear power plant incidents in Fukushima and Chernobyl gives testament to how people can be exposed to ionizing radiation. What are the symptoms of a brain tumour? Symptoms of brain tumours depend on the location and size of the tumour. Some tumours cause direct damage by invading brain tissue, and some tumours cause pressure on the surrounding brain. You’ll have noticeable symptoms when a growing tumour creates pressure on the brain tissue. Headache is the tell-tale sign of a brain tumour. You may experience headaches that: • occur while you’re sleeping • are worse in the morning after waking up • are worse while coughing, sneezing, or exercising You may also experience: • Blurred vision or double vision • vomiting • Confusion • Weakness in a part of the face or limb • Seizures (especially in adults) • A change in mental functioning Symptoms of pituitary tumours The following symptoms can occur with pituitary tumours: • Nipple discharge, or galactorrhea • Development of breast tissue in men • Lack of menstruation in women • Enlargement of the hands and feet • increased amounts of body hair, or hirsutism • Sensitivity to heat or cold • Low blood pressure • Blurry vision or tunnel vision • Obesity How are brain tumours diagnosed? The diagnosis starts with a physical exam and a look at your medical history. They conclude the following, • muscle strength • memory • coordination • logical ability The doctor may order more tests after they finish the physical exam. These could include: CT scan of the head MRI of the head Angiography Skull X-rays Biopsy Treatment of brain tumours The treatment of a brain tumour depends on: • the type of tumour • the size of the tumour • the location of the tumour • your general health The most common treatment for malignant brain tumours is surgery. The primary goal is to remove as many cancer cells as possible without causing damage or complications to the healthy parts of the brain. Sometimes, the location of some tumours allows for easy and safe removal. Other tumours may be located in an area that limits how much of the tumour can be removed. It is seen that even the partial removal of brain cancer cells can be beneficial. The risks associated with brain surgery include infection and bleeding. Clinically dangerous benign tumours are also surgically removed. Metastatic brain tumours are treated according to the cancer present in the body. If surgery is suggested, it is most likely to be combined with other treatments, like chemotherapy and radiation therapy. After neurosurgery, physical therapy, speech therapy and occupational therapy help you to recover.