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How To Care For UR Skin During Lockdown
Are you wondering why UR skin is breaking out even during the lockdown? With the world going helter skelter over the COVID-19 pandemic we sometimes forget to tend to ourselves, which can start to reflect on our skin. We expected the lockdown to finally give our skin the break it needed but you feel UR skin’s doing the complete opposite! We might be still getting used to the new norm of tending to our house hold chores without help and working for long hours at home, which is just not giving us the much needed me time. Instead of stressing about what comes ahead, let’s focus on our overall well-being. With that being said let’s first understand what’s really happening to our skin while we are at home during lockdown. UR Skin During Lockdown? You’re not wrong to think that your skin is finally getting the break it deserves from dust, pollution, makeup and extreme sun exposure during the lockdown. What you may forget is that watching the news, reading forwarded messages and anything related to COVID is stressing you not just mentally, but physically as well. Stress can cause unnecessary anxiety, breakouts, sleepless nights and other skin concerns that reflect on your skin’s health. Did you know that 50% of skin diseases are related to the nervous system? Here’s exactly what you need to do to improve UR skin & Hair health! Chase the sun in UR home Your body is meant to be in the sun, and exposure to sunlight during the day is crucial to your overall well-being. Try to look for sunny areas in UR home to get at least 20 minutes of sunlight early in the morning in the comfort of UR home. Moisturize UR Skin Care for your skin, follow a minimal but effective skincare routine, which involves cleansing, moisturizing and exfoliating UR skin. Try not to overdo or complicate your skincare routine. An effective skincare routine just needs three four things; a cleanser, moisturizer, sunscreen and UR commitment. Call & Consult UR Dermatologist Stay in touch with your dermatologist virtually or visit them while following all the safety precautions. Even though it is tough during the lockdown to get back into the routine of visiting our doctor, we should still make an effort to care for our skin however we can at the moment. Eat Healthy UR gut health is the key to skin health. Eat food which helps boosts your skin health. Avoid excessively oily and fried food. Eat fresh fruit and vegetables, try putting fruit peel or a fruit on UR face to refresh UR skin. A Little Bit Of Exercise Goes A Long Way Exercising for as little as ten minutes can help you stay active, improve blood circulation and skin health. Moreover, exercise has always proven to improve UR mood, blood regulation and skin health. Exercise a little everyday! Dispose One-Time Use Masks Avoid reusing one-time use masks this can cause skin rashes, breakouts or rashes, all of which can be avoided. Dispose UR one-time use masks after every use. If UR using reusable cotton masks, make sure you wash them after every use to avoid contamination. Follow protocols at all times to stay safe. Wash UR Hands Before Touching UR Face Since most of us have to do our own chores we may sometimes just use our hand to scratch our face. This is a big no-no, especially this time around. Always make sure your hands are clean and sanitized before you touch UR face. Try and use wet wipes to clean your face if oily or moist from wearing the mask. Get UR Beauty Sleep! During sleep, UR skin’s blood flow increases, while UR skin rebuilds its collagen and repairs damage from UV exposure. A beauty sleep of 7-8 hours can help in reducing premature skin ageing, dark circles, puffy skin and age spots. Pamper Yourself It is essential for us to pamper our skin and ourselves during this lockdown to keep our skin healthy. Applying masks, exfoliating your skin when required can help refresh your skin. Don’t overload on many products before going outdoors as extra product clogs pores, cause oiliness and also cause acne breakouts. Make sure to follow these tips to keep your skin healthy during lockdown! Lastly, spending most of your time at home might make you abandon your daily skincare routines as well. Staying in touch with your dermatologist will help you keep your skin healthy and fabulous even during this dreadful lockdown. Once you have a simple daily skin routine chalked out, nothing can stop you. Stay at home, stay safe, stay healthy!
The ABC Of Hypertension
You May Develop Hypertension Without Knowing. What Are The signs? Hypertension or High blood pressure occurs when UR blood pressure increases to unhealthy levels. UR blood pressure reading takes into account how much blood is passing through UR blood vessels and the measure of resistance that blood meets while pumping the heart. Hypertension develops for quite a long while. Initially, you don’t notice any symptoms. But even without symptoms, high blood pressure causes damage to UR blood vessels and organs, especially the brain, heart, eyes, and kidneys. Early detection is essential. Signs of Hypertension ● shortness of breath ● nosebleeds ● visual changes ● dizziness ● headaches ● chest pain ● blood in the urine ● flushing What causes high blood pressure? There are two types of hypertension. Primary hypertension Primary hypertension is also called essential hypertension. ● Genes: Some individuals are genetically inclined to hypertension. This might be from gene mutations or genetic abnormalities inherited from UR parents. ● Physical changes: If something in UR body transforms, you may begin experiencing issues all through UR body. Hypertension might be one of those issues. For instance, it’s thought that changes in your kidney function due to ageing may upset the body’s balance of salts and fluid. This change may cause UR body’s blood pressure to increase. ● Environment: Over time, unfortunately, lifestyle choices like lack of physical activity and poor diet can take their toll on UR body. Lifestyle choices can lead to weight problems. Being overweight or obese can increase UR risk of hypertension. Secondary hypertension Secondary hypertension usually occurs quickly and can become more severe than primary hypertension. This includes: ● obstructive sleep apnea ● adrenal gland problems ● congenital heart defects ● kidney disease ● use of illegal drugs ● side effects of medications ● problems with UR thyroid ● alcohol abuse or chronic use Diagnosis Diagnosing hypertension is simple as it depends on taking a blood pressure reading. Most doctors’ workplaces check blood pressure as part of a routine visit. If you don’t get a blood pressure reading at UR next appointment, request one. If UR blood pressure remains high, UR doctor will likely conduct more tests to rule out underlying conditions. These tests can include: ● ultrasound of your heart or kidneys ● cholesterol screening and other blood tests ● electrocardiogram (ECG) ● urine test Home remedies for hypertension Healthy lifestyle changes will help you control the risk factors that cause hypertension. Here are some of the common home remedies. ● Increasing physical activity ● Developing a healthy diet ● Managing stress ● A healthy weight ● Adopting a clean lifestyle High blood pressure during pregnancy Women with hypertension may deliver healthy babies despite having the condition. But it can be hazardous to both mother and baby if it’s not monitored and managed during the pregnancy. Women with high blood pressure are bound to develop complications. For example, pregnant women with hypertension may encounter decreased kidney function. Babies born to mothers who have hypertension may have a low birth weight or conceived prematurely. Preeclampsia In a few cases, pregnant women with hypertension can develop preeclampsia during their pregnancy. This condition of increased blood pressure which causes kidney and other organ complications. This condition results in high protein levels in the urine, problems with liver function, fluid in the lungs, or visual problems. Monitor UR blood pressure regularly. The best way to avoid complications and problems is to analyze hypertension early. You can go to UR doctor’s office for a blood pressure reading, or you can purchase a blood pressure cuff and take periodical readings at home. Keep a log of UR blood pressure readings and take it to UR regular doctor appointments. This can help UR doctor see any possible problems before the condition advances.
All You Need To Know About Stomach Cancer
Cancer is observed as an unrestrained growth and multiplication of abnormal cells in the body. Abnormal cells alter their pathway from the usual path and finally turns into cancer cells. Unfortunately, patients with gastric cancer are diagnosed in their advanced stages, as no symptoms come to the fore in early stages. Stomach Or Gastric Cancer Stomach or gastric cancer is defined by the expansion of cancer cells in the stomach lining. In many cases, there are no sign or symptoms at early stage and as a result, diagnosing this type of cancer becomes crucial. This is why stomach cancer is the fifth most common disease worldwide, and the fourth most common cause of cancer-related deaths. What Makes Stomach Cancer Different One of the significant risks of this cancer type is the complexity of detecting it. As stomach cancer shows symptoms in the later stage, it usually remains undiagnosed until it reaches out to other organs. Hence, treating this disease becomes hard. Stomach composes of oesophagus, a food pipe, which is just one fraction of the upper section of the digestive system. The stomach is responsible for digesting the food and transferring the nutrients to the small and large intestines. So generally, cells in the upper gastrointestinal tract turn cancerous and grow beyond control, gradually developing into a tumour. Therefore, stomach or gastric cancer develops over time. Risk Factors This type of cancer is associated with tumours in the abdominal section. Yet, there are a few factors which boost the risk of formation of these tumorous cells. Diseases such as lymphoma, helicobacter pylori infection, chronic atrophic gastritis, stomach polyps and tumours in other areas of the digestive system increase the risk of cancer. It is more common in older adults who are 50 years of age and beyond, smokers and also the workers in the metal, coal and rubber industries. In addition, it is common among those with a family history of gastric cancer. People in Asian countries, especially of Japanese and Korean descent along with those with Belarusian origin are at risk of developing this type of cancer. Studies suggest that stomach cancer can be associated with the diet, salty food, including smoked fish, red meat preserved meats, rotten fruits and vegetables. Symptoms Early stomach cancer has no symptoms, as in most cases, it is diagnosed accidentally. Most symptoms of gastric cancer reflect advanced disease and the most common among them being upper abdominal pain or discomfort, frequent heartburn, generalised weakness, stomach pain and constant bloating. Diagnosis In most cases, people with stomach cancer rarely exhibit any sign in the initial stages. As a result, the tumour remains undiagnosed until the later stages. To diagnose cancer, doctors may conduct a physical check-up to detect any signs of abnormalities. Doctors can also suggest a blood test, including medical examination to check for Helicobacter pylori infection. Additional medical tests will be required in case the doctor senses any sign of stomach cancer. Diagnosis is usually by biopsy, which is done during endoscopy. It is then followed by a CT/PET scan to determine if the disease has spread to other parts of the body. Treatment For stomach cancer, there exist standard treatment options such as surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy which has progressed over the past ten years. Doctors usually recommend that the treatments be supplemented with immune therapy, as these tumour cells are much easier to destroy with immune cells. Dendritic cell treatment is often used when conventional therapies fail to succeed. However, it is a gentle treatment when compared to chemotherapy or radiation. Also, in contrast with other forms of therapies, dendritic cell treatment causes side effects on rare occasions and the specific treatment plan is based on the cause and stage of the tumour. However, overall health and age of the patient also play a crucial role. Further more, surgery remains the only curative therapy for stomach cancer. Prevention Preventing this type of cancer is difficult. Moreover, one can minimise the risk of developing cancer by keeping body weight under control, maintaining a healthy lifestyle and eating a nutritious, balanced and low fat diet. Quitting smoking and alcohol and exercising daily also reduce the risk of gastric or stomach cancer.
Are UR Current Problems Connected To A Previous Life?
Dormant memories from a previous lifetime can adversely affect our present life in various ways. There are also certain things we may experience in our daily life that may have a deeper meaning or explanation. Many of us are fascinated by paranormal, clairvoyant phenomenon and also the concept of Déjà vu, which interestingly means, ‘you’ve lived through the present circumstances before.’ Let’s say there’s an alternate reality where time is infinite and the past, present and the future can coexist in one moment and UR present life may be one of the specks of what makes UR soul and its identity a whole! Sometimes, certain ailments cannot be cured by medical science. In such a scenario, therapists claim that past life regression therapy (PLRT) can help you get over certain physical, emotional and mental ailments that may be causing you distress. This is because it is believed that suppressed or dormant memories can sometimes get manifested in physical or psychological problems. Moreover, a past life imprint can show itself as an illness, pain or disease, all of which can hold you back from reaching your full potential. What is past life regression? Past life regression therapy taps into our subconscious mind to relive what practitioners believe to be memories of our past lives or incarnations. Time and space cease to exist when we begin to explore different dimensions in altered states of consciousness and unveil the previous chapters of our life. Alternatively, we see several layers of truth where all representations of our past lives exist concurrently. So while our souls are reincarnated many times, we end up carrying forward our regrets, fears or unsolved issues from our past lives into our present life. Reincarnation You may be surprised to know that your soul may have been reincarnated several times! Many past life regression sessions have even astonished the practitioner and the soul-searcher with the accurate details presented during a session. This could mean that the reason behind your fears or ‘strange feelings’ may be as old as time! People all over the world have been trying regression therapy to find the root cause of their unexplained phobias, pains, unresolved feelings or to connect with a departed loved one. But only after making that connection and finding the root cause of a persistent issue can individuals get cured and balance their karma. Past regression therapy has helped many relive and resolve some of their innermost thoughts that they may have carried over from their previous lives. Connecting with the spirit world It is frequently observed that our feelings are often more intensified when we lose a loved one from the physical realm. So if you’ve lost a loved one and feel that they are watching over you, it may be because they actually are! Spooked? Don’t be. Experts feel we don’t have any reason to fear because at times, a departed soul just wants to connect with a loved one and may also utilise physical mediums to do so. These encounters can offer individuals the much-needed reassurance and closure they may be seeking after the death of their loved ones. In some instances, spirits find objects, memories or some thread when they are trying to communicate with us. Additionally, when we are soul-searching, we open a channel of communication which helps us reveal parts of our previous lives. But just as science hasn't come close to fully explaining the remarkable workings of the human psyche and psychic phenomena, similarly past regression therapy doesn't offer what would be universally accepted as scientific proof to back up its assertions. However, regression therapy has undoubtedly proven to help many people find their life's purpose and in some cases also assist them in reconnecting with their lost loved ones. Heal UR Life After losing a loved one, reconnecting with them via past life regression has provided many people with emotional healing. Fascinatingly, eighty per cent of people who've tried past life regression therapy have found their peace. Furthermore, it’s definitely comforting to know that our loved ones never really die but are actually around (though not physically) and we can communicate with them by using the right medium. According to experts, when a person dies, the soul which is immortal moves on in its journey as it is ever evolving and in the process of discovering itself. We need to respect this. Cause & Effect Everything is connected and happens for a reason. Unveiling the root cause of a specific phobia or a suppressed feeling has helped many heal and overcome their fears. So if UR suffering from something that science cannot explain, try past life regression therapy to bring about harmony in UR life. Remember, UR present life can also influence UR past life or other life for precisely the same reason. This is why we always need to be mindful of the choices we make.
All About Sickle Cell Disease
The word sickle cell means the red blood cells take the shape of a sickle or crescent moons making it difficult for these cells to move around easily through the blood vessels. This slows down or could even block the adequate flow of oxygen and blood to the different parts of the body causing health problems. In adults the haemoglobin is of three variants: • HbA: This involves a significant portion of 95 to 98 per cent • HbA2: This involves 1.5 per cent to 3.5 per cent • HbF: This involves less than 2 per cent and is age dependent Haemoglobin is a tetrameric protein composed of two pairs of globin chains each with a heme group. In sickle cell disease or sickle cell anaemia, there is a point mutation of the beta-globin chain, thus impacting in replacement of glutamic acid to valine residue in the beta-globin which causes sickling of the RBC. Sickle haemoglobin is HbS which is responsible for sickle cell disease. It leads to micro- vasculature obstruction and tissue damage. Sickle cell disease is a group of blood disorders typically inherited from a person's parents. Causes Sickle cell disease is an inherited disorder causing red blood cell distortion, destruction. The inheritance is homozygous for sickle cell disease if transferred from both the patients. If inheritance from one parent impacts in the milder form, it is called sickle cell trait (Hb AS). The HbSS molecules (RBC) build up into polymers when deoxygenated, yet giving rise to chronic haemodialysis, microvascular occlusions at the same time tissue damage. During deoxygenation, the cytoplasm in red blood cell/RBC turns from free-flowing liquid into viscous gel and assemble themselves into long needle-like fibres within RBC and produce a sickle shape. ________________________________________ Symptoms Young patients will show signs of the following: • Weakness • Jaundice (due to RBC destruction) • Painful bones (due to hypoxia caused by microvascular occlusion due to haemolysis) • Fever, cough and chest pain if the lungs are involved • Erectile dysfunction in males after puberty • Stroke • Retinopathy, loss of vision and blindness • Shock due to rapid splenic enlargement • Worsening of anaemia and aplasia if there is an infection by a virus, especially parvovirus B19 • The patient loses the ability to concentrate urine and thus becomes dehydrated and the vicious cycle continues Diagnosis, Treatment And Complications Diagnosis • Prenatal diagnosis by analysis of fetal DNA by amniocentesis or chorionic biopsy • Haemoglobin electrophoresis • High-performance liquid chromatography Treatment • Mainly by giving hydroxyurea (which is a DNA synthesis inhibitor), it increases levels of HbF and thus decreases HbS levels; it also has an anti-inflammatory effect • Blood transfusions if anemia is severe • As it is a genetic disorder, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is the cure Complications • Increased infections • Congestive heart failure • Stroke
How Emotions Affect UR Immunity
Our mind and body are eternally interlinked. Ailments of the body can manifest as psychological problems. Likewise, matters of mind like stress and anxiety can affect the functioning of the body and its responses, including immunity. Emotion is derived from the Latin term 'emovere', which means to stir up, to agitate and to excite. Emotions can be broadly grouped into two categories - positive and negative. Extroverts tend to be more socially active and are better at expressing their feelings. On the other hand, introverts tend to be withdrawn; hence, they conceal their emotions. People with good emotional health are aware of their feelings, thoughts, and behaviours. They have learned to cope with the stress and problems in a healthy way. It is well established that denial or suppression of emotions is not an effective strategy to deal with emotions. Infact it makes it worse. It is therefore essential that we acknowledge our feelings, reflect on its nature, and if unhelpful then put them aside as much as possible. The Covid-19 pandemic has unleashed an epidemic of emotional reactions such as fear, anxiety, sadness and stress. While many will experience transient anxiety, some will be pushed over the cusp, wherein their unremitting concern will turn into an ailment, or medical condition called anxiety disorder. Impact of emotional problems on health During emotional crisis one may ignore self-care, eat unhealthy diet, avoid activities or exercise. They may resort to maladaptive coping with alcohol, tobacco or tranquilising medicine (sleeping/calming pills). This has a negative bearing on general health. And when stress or stressors persist over a prolonged period, our 'fight or flight response' remains activated and that's not good for our health as it releases excessive stress hormones, and can wear us down physically and psychologically. Well established consequences of prolonged or recurring stress include high blood pressure, heart disease, stomach ulcer, as well as psychological problems like anxiety, depression and addiction. Unremitting stress can also over-activate the immune system - worsen arthritis and psoriasis, acne and even trigger asthma attacks. Besides, it can make you vulnerable to infections and allergies. There is evidence that an effectively managed stress and emotions can have a positive impact on the nervous and immune system. For instance, relaxation activities such as massage, humour, listening to music, reading can have a benefit on overall health and reduces stress hormones in the body. Express UR feelings in an appropriate way If feelings of sadness, stress, or anxiety are causing problems, keeping these feelings inside can make you feel worse. They say "a problem shared is a problem halved", which means when in difficulty it is useful to talk to someone about it. In doing so, you share the burden, move onto solutions and in the process, learn about yourself. It's is essential to deal with negative feelings, but also focus on the positive things in UR life. It will help if you also find ways to let go of things in UR life that are unhelpful while making time for things you enjoy. So, it's okay to let UR loved ones know when something is bothering you. Moreover, keep in mind that UR family and friends may not always be able to help you deal with your feelings appropriately. At these times, try asking someone outside the situation for help. A professional can provide independent, timely and objective advise/support that might help you bounce back as well as improve your emotional health. Other strategies for a balanced life • Even in difficulties, make an effort to resume and maintain a healthy and active routine with balanced diet and exercise (30 - 45 mins of moderate-intensity for 4-5 days per week) • To manage our reactions, we need to acknowledge, understand and accept our emotions. In doing so, we shall cope better and come out of this crisis being more resourceful, rejuvenated and rested. Meditation is an effective and time tested strategy to bring about emotional awareness and mind-body harmony. • Take care of UR body by having enough sleep - ideally 7-8 hours per night. Sleep is essential for rest and recovery from day to day assaults on our body and mind. • Avoid abuse of alcohol or drugs as they can worsen UR health, UR anxiety and relationship problems. • Remember, to be grateful for what you have, think positive, curb negative thoughts where possible, smile more often, and do things to keep yourself positive and happy. • A consistently balanced life is a healthier life. Developing resilience Resilience is the ability to face stress and challenges and to bounce back and recover. To develop resilience, one ought to take up and face challenges and reflect on the difficulties while finding solutions. In doing so, one learns to improvise and move from problems to a solution orientation. Other methods include mobilising social support, keeping a positive view of yourself, accepting change, and keeping things in perspective. An emotionally stable person is thus at a much better position to develop resilience. Emotional awareness is not just crucial for a peaceful, calm and healthy life and healthy relationships, but it also has a positive impact on UR immunity. As a lack of it can contribute to building up of stress, which compromises immunity and makes one susceptible to infection and other ailments. Dr Roshan Jain, 16 May 2020
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The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) is a ten-item questionnaire developed by the World Health Organization (WHO) to assess alcohol consumption, drinking behaviours, and alcohol-related problems. It’s a reliable, simple and effective method of screening for unhealthy alcohol use, defined as risky or hazardous consumption or any alcohol use disorder. The AUDIT can also help identify alcohol dependence and specific consequences of harmful drinking. 1. How often do you have a drink containing alcohol? 2. How many drinks containing alcohol do you have on a typical day when you are drinking? 3. How often do you have six or more drinks on one occasion? 4. How often during the last year have you found that you were not able to stop drinking once you had started? 5. How often during the last year have you failed to do what was normally expected from you because of drinking? 6. How often during the last year have you needed a first drink in the morning to get yourself going after a heavy drinking session? 7. How often during the last year have you had a feeling of guilt or remorse after drinking? 8. How often during the last year have you been unable to remember what happened the night before because you had been drinking? 9. Have you or someone else been injured as a result of your drinking? 10. Has a relative or friend or a doctor or another health worker been concerned about your drinking or suggested you cut down?
How Does UR Brain Affect UR Weight
Managing optimal weight is a component of maintaining a healthy lifestyle. This is because being obese and overweight are risk factors for several serious illnesses such as cancer, diabetes, high cholesterol, heart attacks, high blood pressure, brain strokes among others. Overweight and obese people, therefore, need to lose weight to minimise the risk of acquiring these lifestyle diseases. Weight loss involves a healthy diet regimen coupled with regular exercises. And the brain plays an essential role in helping people to stick to these activities. This is because there are components by which the brain regulates diet control and eating. Role Of The Hypothalamus The hypothalamus is an endocrine gland positioned in the brain. It is deeply involved in regulating eating behaviour. It has 'satiety' and 'hunger' centres, which make us eat food when hungry and stop, when full. These deal with a variety of chemicals/hormones. Leptin It is also known as the 'hormone of energy expenditure’. It is abundantly made by adipose (fat) cells. It monitors energy balance by prohibiting hunger. Less hunger leads to less food consumption, which eventually means weight loss. Leptin expands its effects by acting on the hypothalamus (arcuate nucleus). Obese people have 'leptin resistance,' which means that hunger is not inhibited, despite the presence of higher levels of leptin, resulting in overeating. This is equal to 'insulin resistance' in diabetic patients. Ghrelin This one is also known as the 'hunger hormone.' Ghrelin acts on the hypothalamus to trigger hunger. Hence, the effect of ghrelin is quite the opposite of that of leptin. After eating, ghrelin levels decline to the lower levels. It rises again before the time of the next meal, to stimulate hunger. So it is always the balance between the levels of leptin and ghrelin that monitor eating behaviour. Cholecystokinin and glucagon-like peptide-1 are released when the food enters the small bowel. So these hormones make us feel full, and we eventually stop eating. Pleasure Centres In The Brain And Eating Behaviour Food is vital for survival; it is a pleasure linked with food that makes eating worthwhile. When we are happy, we eat more! The reverse is also true. When an individual has eaten to his/her heart's desire, there is happiness and satisfaction. Almost in every celebration or party, it involves a good spread of various food items. Happiness combined with eating food; as a result, food accelerated the same reward system of the brain that gets accelerated by other pleasurable activities such as games or watching a movie. The area tangled in a 'reward feeling' is the mesolimbic cortex of the brain and the effects are resolved by a neurotransmitter, dopamine. All types of food stimulate reward centres of the brain. However, the effects are more initiated with sweet items or high-calorie foods such as cakes, chocolates, sweets, aerated soft drinks, etc. This explains why some people crave for more sweets/cakes. The pleasurable sensation associated with eating desserts can force an individual to have them, despite being full. Over a period of time, eating can become an 'addiction' too, similar to smoking or alcohol addiction. A 'food-addicted' person eats purely to experience the pleasurable sensations associated with eating, rather than to satisfy hunger. This behaviour can result in obesity and overweight. Psychiatry and counselling consultation may help in these situations. Role Of Special Senses In Eating Behaviour When it comes to the exclusive and liking of food, plethora of factors play a role. These include the smell, look and taste of food. An aroma of food can be experienced from a distance, which increases the appetite and desire to eat. The taste of good food is vital, as it increases appetite. A dish nicely arranged and well served is very appealing Thus the sensations - sight, smell and taste of food are recognised and appreciated in specific brain centres. Hence, damages or disorders of neurons in these particular brain areas can affect eating behaviour of an individual.
The world of Mosquitoes
The world of Mosquitoes To an extent, there has been a rise in mosquitoes around us in the last couple of weeks. The blame entirely cannot be put on the nationwide lockdown that India is currently undergoing. Mosquitoes generally thrive during the summer months. The Indian summer begins from late March to May and into June or July in parts of the country. Research has found no relation of transmission of COVID-19 from mosquitoes. Other diseases can be transmitted by mosquitoes, it’s best not let UR guards down during this time. The entire workforce of paramedics and municipal corporations have been busy with sanitization efforts in different parts of the country to prevent COVID-19. The temperature rising above 28 degrees Celsius in April and May, makes it peak breeding season for mosquitoes. Breeding is usually kept under check with fogging and spraying medicines. However, due to the coronavirus pandemic, negligible amount of time given to these activities. The mosquito ranks pretty high on the list of the worlds deadliest organisms. We along with Dr Suneetha Narreddy, infectious disease specialist get you the complete lowdown on mosquitoes to help safeguard URlife. Find below diseases causes by the deadly mosquito. Chikungunya majorly affects the Asian and African continents. Symptoms include severe joint pains and fever. Infected patients show signs within a week of the mosquito bite. Post onset, it takes another week to recover with proper medication. People already suffering from joint pains take up to 2 months to recover from the pain. As of last year, there are no associated deaths with Chikungunya. Dengue is most prevalent in tropical and subtropical regions. Symptoms include fever, headache (near the eyes), body pains, vomiting, motions. This disease causes a decrease in platelets levels. Platelets are those that help clot blood to prevent bleeding. If the platelet count is not gradually decreased, it takes two weeks to recover from dengue. Dengue could sometimes be life-threatening. Dengue kills approximately 22,000 people every year. Malaria is present through the African and Indian subcontinent. Symptoms include Chills & evening fever on alternate days. With proper medication and care people affected from malaria can recover within three weeks. 405,000 deaths occur every year due to malaria. Zika virus predominantly hits Africa, North and South America, Asia and the Pacific. Symptoms include Mild fever, Rash, Conjunctivitis, muscle, joint pain and headaches. If a pregnant person gets affected by this virus, it hinders the development of the foetus and complicates the birthing process. There is no treatment to the virus, so prevention is the only method to stay safe. Though cases are confirmed round the globe there is no fatality rate. Lymphatic filariasis (elephantiasis) is one of the common diseases frequented in the tropical and subtropical areas. Symptoms include Permanent swelling of the lymph node. This affects mostly the lower legs and is not treatable. A medicine that can be taken only once a year seems to kill the parasite. It’s not a deadly disease but causes irreversible damage. Japanese Encephalitis is a brain infection prevalent in Asia and the West Pacific. Symptoms include Headache, Fever, Disorientation, swelling of the brain (rarely). A vaccine is available to keep this disease at bay. If affected, it cannot be treated with medicine. More than 24,000 die due to this disease every year. According to Umeå University, Sweden, mosquito larvae can spread infectious diseases like Ockelbo disease similar to Chikungunya alphavirus. Since this can cause a viral infection outbreak, it is best to take precautions to prevent breeding near UR surrounding areas, especially in the stagnant water. Prevention is better than cure! • Try not to be outdoors during the early mornings and early evenings. • Wear loose fitting clothes. • Apply citronella oil as a mosquito repellent while going out. Citronella can also be used as bracelets, stickers or patches. • Use mosquito nets. • Use mosquito screens on windows and doors. • Get rid of stagnant water where mosquitoes breed or grow gambusia fish in stagnant water ponds. • Lemon, eucalyptus or neem oil can also be used to ward off the mosquitoes. The truth behind the mosquito sting A mosquito bites through its proboscis (a long elongated sucking tube) which functions more or less like a needle. As soon as this needle structure pierces our skin, the pain receptors send alarm signals to our brain about the sting. The interesting aspect here is that technically our blood clots as soon as a mosquito bites us, but the chemical compounds in the mosquito saliva dissolves the clot and allows the mosquito to suck blood until we kill it or shoo it away. Mosquito bites don’t leave without a bit of swelling and a burning sensation. Things get worse when these bitten areas turn into a viable path for infectious diseases. Applying heat on the area brings down swelling and numbs the pain. If pus-forms or if you’re having an allergic reaction, paired with high temperature, please consult UR doctor immediately. Think before preferring coils and mosquito repellents Mosquito coils have been in use in most countries of South Asia, Africa and South America. They are generally considered an excellent way to get rid of the insect. Some studies have suggested that coils harmful chemicals and can affect humans when used in closed spaces, same is the case with mosquito repellents. Side effects such as eye irritation, headaches and frequent allergic rhinitis are reported in children and babies. As far as the adults are concerned, the DEET (diethyltoluamide, mosquito repellent) present in the repellents is safe only when used according to the instructions. Unknown facts about mosquitoes • People with fair skin tend to have a stronger reaction to a mosquito bite. The histamine released by our bodies in response to mosquito saliva tends to be stronger in individuals with lighter skin • The Greek name for mosquito is Anopheles, which means ‘Good for nothing’ • Mosquitoes bite people with ‘O’ type blood groups nearly twice as often as those with other blood groups. • Mosquito repellents work by hiding you. They block mosquito sensors, so they don’t know you are there. • Only female mosquito feast on human blood before laying eggs • Mosquitoes are attracted to the carbon dioxide found in human breath and sweat. They are equipped to sense the heat and humidity that surrounds our bodies. The life cycle of a mosquito The mosquito experiences four particular phases of its life cycle. Egg, Larva, Pupa, and Adult. Every stage can be recognized by its appearance. Eggs are laid on the inner, wet walls of containers with water, over the waterline. Mosquitoes usually lay 100 eggs at a time. The eggs are exceptionally solid; adhere to the walls of a container like glue and can survive severe conditions for up to 8 months. It takes a minimal quantity of water. Bowls, cups, tires, barrels, jars and any vessel storing water makes for an extraordinary “nursery.” Larva rises out of mosquito eggs, only after the water level ascents to cover the eggs. This implies that rainwater or people adding water to containers with eggs will trigger the larvae to develop. Generally, eggs hatch into larvae within 48 hrs. After shedding subsequently 3 times, the larva changes into a pupa. The pupa is a resting stage and the time where it develops into an adult. After development, the pupal skin splits, and the adult flying mosquito emerges. Adult mosquitoes rest on the water surface for a few minutes to harden all its body parts. Female mosquitoes need to feed on humans and animals for blood to produce eggs. After mating, female mosquitoes will look after water sources to lay more eggs. It takes approximately 8-10 days for the entire life cycle, from an egg to death. Considering quarantine, limited movement and budget here is what you can do to prevent mosquitoes at home • Unclogging the rooftop • Emptying any children's pools • Changing the water in any water basins week after week • Ensuring rain water isn't collecting in waste can tops • Put away boxes or unused containers. Store them upside down I recently met Mr.Patrick Firmenich, Chairman of the world’s largest privately owned perfume and taste company, Firmenich. He told us how they were working with The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to fight mosquito borne diseases. Malaria is a disease that could be eradicated completely. If I understood right, they were working on releasing a scent into the world that could stop mosquitoes from smelling and getting attracted to human beings. If mosquitoes couldn’t smell or recognize us, the chance of them biting could be very minimal. These organizations are striving to develop data-based, scientific tools to deal with the world wide mosquito outbreak. . Till date, an estimated amount of US$2.9 billion, grants were spent to eradicate malaria around the globe.
Sleeping Positions And How They Can Affect Your Mood
you have a super important meeting the next day and you think you're all set for it. But your brain keeps buzzing and you might end up not sleeping early either. Well, that certainly puts you on the back foot doesn't it? Meditation and calming methods can help you get to sleep properly and peacefully, but if you still wake up tired or cranky, then you need to take a look at your sleeping posture. As unbelievable as it sounds, your sleeping position can actually alter, your mood the following day. Why does it happen? Well, we need a good night’s rest for our body and mind to function normally and most of our postures in bed end up hindering a relaxed and refreshing sleep. Here are few postures with their pros and cons. On Your Stomach After a long, tiring day all you want to do is fall flat on your stomach and go to sleep. The only good thing about this position is that it stops you from snoring. On the downside, it is really bad for your back. The natural curve of your spine is no longer maintained and that can cause a lot of lower back pain and normal posture issues. People with back pain really need to avoid sleeping this way. Besides, this is also one of the common causes of wrinkles too. Qoute Lying on your right side helps your spine relax but, it constricts your entire cardiovascular system. On Your Sides There are two sides to this (pun intended); lying on your right side helps your spine relax but unfortunately, you also end up constricting your entire cardiovascular system. It puts a strain on your lungs and rib-cage hampering blood circulation. Of course, your body will not allow this to continue, meaning you will toss and turn a lot to get the circulation back on track, which makes you really tired in the morning. Therefore, sleeping on your left side is better – it helps circulation and doesn’t compress any of your insides. On Your Back This is by far the most common position in the world. It is also quite beneficial. It distributes your weight evenly on the spine and it also stops the annoying acid reflux that causes heartburn. And if you’re worried about wrinkles, this position helps you prevent them because you won’t be buried under a pillow. You can either have your arms facing upwards or downwards, this helps in improving your circulation and helping you wake up fresh and rested.
Must-Have Beauty Essentials For UR Handbag
If you want to look well-groomed right through the day, UR handbag is no less precious than Ali Baba’s cave! Whether you are a working woman, or you may be travelling somewhere, you cannot do without some beauty essentials in your handbag. These are very necessary to refresh yourself and “touch up” your make-up during the day. Here is a checklist. In these days of the coronavirus pandemic, a hand sanitizer should be on top of the list. As we all know by now, hand washing is the single most important way of preventing the infection. In the absence of soap and water, when you are on the move, a hand sanitizer comes in very handy! It should undoubtedly be essential in your handbag. Cleansing pads and fragrant wet tissues are convenient for wiping of oil, impurities and sweat deposits from the face. They are excellent for making you look and feel fresh. In fact, during the hot and humid season, a small package of fragrant wet tissues has a wonderfully refreshing effect. They also help to cleanse the skin quite efficiently. When buying wet tissues, it is possible, check the ingredients. They should be free of alcohol, which can dry out the skin. They may even sting when you use them. If they do, avoid using them. They should not be intensely perfumed. Look for one with a mild fragrance. Carry your sunscreen lotion in your handbag. Most sunscreens have built-in moisturizers. After cleansing with wet tissues to refresh your face, apply sunscreen lotion. It is better to use a broad-spectrum sunscreen, as it protects from both UV-A and UV-B rays of the sun. A sunscreen with SPF 15 to 20 is adequate for most skins, but if the skin is more sensitive and tends to burn quickly, one should use a sunscreen with a higher SPF of 30 or 40. Some skin types develop a rash or redness on exposure to the sun. This can also be due to sun-sensitivity, such skin type may require a higher SPF sunscreen. Carrying your sunscreen in the handbag is a good idea. If you are out in the sun for long, reapply the sunscreen. In case you need to go out during the day, applying sunscreen 20 minutes before stepping out can help in protecting UR skin. One of the essential items for your handbag is a powder compact. As you know, a powder compact contains pressed powder. It is very useful for touching up the foundation, or even to remove oiliness. Pressed powder or compact powder is usually thicker than loose powder and more reliable. Pressed powders are also available in different shades. Beige shades go well with most Indian skin tones. Some shades of peach may also look good. For a sallow and more yellowish skin tone, avoid pink shades. For very fair skin, pink tints may be suitable. Lipstick is, of course, a must. Lipstick is one make-up item that is said to lift the spirits and mood. It needs touching up after lunch and even after a cup of coffee. First, wipe the lipstick off with a tissue. Then apply powder on the lips and reapply your lipstick. You can even get yourself a lipstick case holder for UR handbag. This helps to keep your bag free from lipstick stains, in case the lipstick opens in the purse. Talking of touchups like lipstick and powder, there are some absolute essentials that you need to keep in your handbag. One of these is a small mirror. Powder compacts with mirrors are most handy. You can even get one with two mirrors, a magnified mirror and a regular one, to provide you a close-up of UR skin. This really helps in getting a flawless touch-up! Another essential beauty essential that is a “must” is a hairbrush or a comb. If you can find a folding brush, comb and mirror set, that does the job too. Carry a small bottle of spray or perfume to feel refreshed throughout the day. Fragrances are used widely in skincare products, many women and men pick also zero-in products with their fragrances too. Fragrances act as the icing on the cake – whether it is femininity, sensuality or individuality. You can also add UR personal touch and include more handbag essentials, depending on UR specific needs.
Herbal Cures For Menstrual Cramps
Menstrual cramps are pains in the belly and pelvic areas that are experienced by a woman as a result of her menstrual period. Menstrual cramps are often mistaken for premenstrual syndrome (PMS) because the symptoms of both disorders can often be experienced as a continual process. Many women often experience both PMS and menstrual cramps. Medically, menstrual cramps are known as dysmenorrhoea. Dysmenorrhoea is of two types: primary and secondary. There is no underlying gynaecological condition which causes the pain in primary dysmenorrhoea. This may begin between six months to a year after menarche (the starting of menstruation). Uterine contractions cause menstrual cramps. The cramping sensation is intensified when clots or pieces of bloody tissue from the lining of the uterus through the cervix, especially if a woman’s cervical canal is narrow. The difference between more painful menstrual cramps and those that are less painful may be related to a woman’s prostaglandin levels. Women with menstrual cramps have elevated levels of prostaglandins in the endometrium (uterine lining) when compared with women who do not experience pains. These cramps are incredibly similar to what a pregnant woman goes through when she is given the medicine prostaglandin to induce labour. Menstrual cramps begin in the lower abdomen and pelvis. The discomfort can extend to the lower back or legs. The pains can be quite painful or merely a dull ache. They can be periodic or continual. Menstrual cramps usually start shortly before the menstrual period, peak within twenty-four hours after the onset of the bleeding, and subside again after a day or two. They may be accompanied by a headache and nausea, which can lead, although infrequently, to the point of vomiting. Either constipation or diarrhoea can also accompany menstrual cramps because the prostaglandins, which cause smooth muscles to contract, are found in both the uterus and intestinal tract. Some women experience an urge to urinate more frequently. NATUROPATHY FOR MENSTRUAL CRAMPS If you generally suffer from period cramps try this remedy a week before your period. Home Remedy For Menstrual Cramps Dry roast 4 tbsp of coriander seeds along with ten peppercorns 1 tbsp of ginger powder 1 tbsp of white sesame seeds and 3 tbsp of fennel. Powder this and store in an airtight container. Have 1 tsp thrice a day along with a small piece of mishri (rock sugar). Continue having this until the second day of your period. Stay blessed with good health always.