Could UR Child Have A Birth Defect Because Of UR Alcohol Consumption?
Could UR Child Have A Birth Defect Because Of UR Alcohol Consumption? Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is a condition that results when a pregnant woman consumes alcohol. This condition causes brain damage and developmental problems and is a spectrum which may have physical, neurological, mental and learning defects. Though FAS can be prevented, it is incapacitating. But while the weaknesses vary from individual to individual, these defects can be permanent. Types Of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders • Fetal alcohol syndrome • Partial fetal alcohol syndrome • Alcohol-related congenital disabilities • Alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorders • Neuro-behavioural disorder associated with prenatal alcohol exposure Causes When the mother consumes alcohol during her pregnancy, the distribution of alcohol to the baby through the umbilical cord causes FAS. There is no measure of 'safe limit' alcohol intake during pregnancy. Prenatal consumption of alcohol by the mother should be discouraged before conception and right through the pregnancy as alcohol can cause neurodevelopmental disorders and alcohol-related birth defects. So abstinence from alcohol should begin from the very first visit to the doctor or should be promptly treated if the mother-to-be is not able to stop drinking alcohol. When a pregnant woman drinks alcohol during pregnancy, it crosses the placenta and reaches the developing baby. The foetus metabolises alcohol slower than an adult. The alcohol content in the blood interferes with oxygen supply and nutrition supply to the developing baby. Alcohol consumption by a pregnant mother can cause permanent brain damage in the baby. Symptoms The symptoms are a combination of physical, cognitive and mental disabilities and neurodevelopmental disorders. However, the severity and extent of symptoms for FAS can widely differ among individuals. Some individuals may also have difficulty in coping with their daily life routine. Physical Defects • FAS facies • An individual with this disorder may have distinctive facies, small eyes, thin upper lip, short nose, upturned nose and smooth skin between the nose and upper lip • Joint and limb deformities • Slow growth both before and after birth • Small head circumference and head size • Vision and hearing defects • Cardiac, renal and bony defects Neurological & Brain Defects • Poor memory and coordination • Learning disabilities • Delayed milestones and delayed development • Bad memory • Attention-deficit • Rapidly changing moods • Difficulty making decisions • Hyperactivity and jitteriness • Trouble processing information and analysing it Diagnosis FAS is a disorder that comes under the umbrella term known as a fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) which further comprises of five disorders: • Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) • Partial fetal alcohol syndrome (pFAS) • Alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder (ARND), • Neurobehavioral disorder associated with prenatal alcohol exposure (ND-PAE) • Alcohol-related birth defects (ARBD) For diagnosis, all these disorders come into play to indicate the physical and neurological effects of prenatal alcohol consumption by the mother on the fetus. Additionally, each of the five disorders that include the FASD has particular criteria for diagnosis. But due to the extensive exhibition and immense similarity with other hereditary and environment causes, making a definitive diagnosis is not possible for FASD. Once FASD is suspected, the patient will be referred to some specialists to exclude other likely conditions for a conclusive diagnosis. The specialist could vary depending on the patient’s age. Usually, the team of specialists for diagnosis includes a physician or paediatrician or someone with knowledge and expertise in FASD, psychologist, occupational therapist and a speech-language pathologist. Treatment No one treatment is a comprehensive treatment as this a spectrum of disorders and every child presents differently. The child needs medical, physical, behavioural and social modalities of treatment. Initially, treatment begins with behavioural education and physiotherapy. Meanwhile, parent training with all respective medications and other medical therapy should go on simultaneously. Social skill development, training and educational interventions should also be provided -primary care in a specialist centre with medical help and community support services. Prevention FAS can be prevented by simply avoiding alcohol intake during pregnancy. If you are planning a pregnancy, stop drinking alcohol and continue to avoid drinking alcohol throughout UR pregnancy. If you are not able to stop drinking alcohol, get help before planning a pregnancy. Since pregnancy is not confirmed until the 4th-6th week of fetal development, couples are advised to avoid alcohol altogether, as you may expose your developing baby to alcohol without meaning to.
Could UR Child Have A Birth Defect Because Of UR Alcohol Consumption? Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is a condition that…
Think Global, Act Local
Several decades ago, everything that is locally available was 'sustainable'. Globalization opened gates to new prospects all around the world. It gave way for commercial production of indigenous goods for exporting them around the globe as a mark of trade and prosperity. It also started the flow of imported goods, some of them are necessary, some are a novelty, and some are an utter indulgence. Because of the pandemic, imports and exports have come to a standstill. It might be a good time to retrace our steps to sustain on local produce and products. This applies to various fields, and one such aspect is our use of flowers. India has an abundance of flowers and foliage growing in its own backyard. It produces and exports many kinds of commercial flowers. Roses, carnations, gladioli, chrysanthemums, gerberas, lilies, anthuriums are some of the many which grow well here. All these are cut flowers which are found commonly in florist shops and bought for an event or home décor. The swing towards imported flowers is big time and is preferred by many as it provides the thrill of using something new. It was a visually beautiful phase, no doubt. Now it is about time to focus on the beautiful flowers and foliage, a tropical country like ours has to offer. Like the tuberoses of West Bengal to Tamil Nadu's jasmine, tulips from Kashmir and heliconias from Kerala. Think of using and cashing in on home produce. The reasons are similar to why we emphasize on local food. No long-distance shipping, reducing carbon footprint, supporting the local economy and more are the perks. Even from home gardens or pots from your apartment balcony, simple kanakambaram, ixora, oleander, temple tree flowers, coloured foliage can be used to bring a pretty touch to the room. They can be used as floral rangolis, garlands, floated in an urli or put together in a small container to give a beautiful touch of nature to the indoors. Plants can be grown well in apartment balconies and terraces of your homes. Do keep in mind though that sunlight for a couple of hours a day is essential for these plants to give an abundance of blooms and lush foliage. Flowering plants that you can try to grow at your home: Bougainvillaea Morning glory Temple tree dwarf variety Clerodendrum Creeper roses Jasmine Hibiscuses Begonia Geranium Periwinkle Pentas Kalanchoe Adenium Verbena Petunia Pansy Marigold Foliage plants: Aloe Vera Sansevieria Syngonium Dracaena Asparagus Money plant Jade plant Zamia Rubber plant Areca Palm Flowering plants that do well in the Deccan Plateau: Bougainvillaea Oleander Lantana Euphorbia Ixora Zinnia Periwinkle Spathiphyllum Sunflower Marigold Periwinkle, marigold, nerium, hibiscus, ixora are beautiful flowering plants, most of which have medicinal value apart from the other herbal plants. It would be good to cash in on their beauty and use them for traditional home remedies and health benefits. Advantages of using local floral material: • No long-distance shipping; no losses due to a decline in the pristine condition of the flowers. As exported flowers have to fulfil a quarantine period, they may sometimes reach in an early stage of decomposition. • Reducing the carbon footprint is an economic gain and contributes to self-sustainment. • Supporting the local economy as they will flourish. • Community wellbeing. • Provide jobs and wages during the upcoming recession if any. • Entrepreneurship goals achieved. • Provides product diversity in the local markets. • Environmental sustainability. Significance of flowers in Indian mythology Flowers and leaves have great significance in mythology. There is mention of different kinds of trees in ancient literature. Have you ever wondered why we use the only particular flower for a specific festival? Each deity is symbolized through some flower and is considered sacred. Here is a small sample of the plethora we have. • Lotus is known for divinity, purity and fertility. Goddess Lakshmi is always represented sitting in a Lotus flower. • Jasmine flowers and garlands are common in temples and are one of the best things to look forward to in the heat of summer. • Hibiscus flowers are said to be the flower for Goddess Kali • Parijata is said to be the heavenly tree brought down to earth by Lord Krishna. • Bathukamma-Telangana floral festival: The nine-day celebration of this festival features a lot of seasonal flowers. Stacks of flowers like thangedu (Cassia auriculata), marigold, chrysanthemums built up in a pretty mound are made and later released into a lake or a river. These flowers hold medicinal properties, according to Ayurveda. If there ever was a pressing need to reiterate a phrase of relevance in the times we live in now, it is this. 'Think global, act local.' Many decades ago, life and lifestyle, travel and living were local. The last couple of decades all of it swayed to global and now is the crucial time to rebound to local. It's been 50 years since we officially started Earth Day, every day is one now. Respite for the earth and solace for the soul.
Several decades ago, everything that is locally available was ‘sustainable’. Globalization opened gates to new prospects all around the world….
Celebrating The Red Cross Society
Keeping humanity alive through voluntary humanitarian work across the globe, Red Cross Society is spread in more than 180 countries. Their fundamental principles are to help during a disaster, emergencies and provide healthcare to people that are from the vulnerable communities. To celebrate the establishment of such a wonderful organization, the 8th of May is marked as World Red Cross and Red Crescent Day. COVID-19 Crisis On the international forefront, the IRCF (International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies) is working on guidance, preparedness, contingency, recovery after the pandemic, Staff/volunteer health and wellbeing, mental health and psychosocial support, risk communication, community engagement, rapid training for community response, water, sanitation, hygiene, basic needs and shelters. They are also raising funds with a target of a hundred and fifty million dollars to help people during the COVID-19 pandemic. The Indian Red Cross Society set up a mobile blood collection units as it’s one of the essential service needed to save lives. Psychosocial Counselling and ensuring the safety of staff and volunteers supporting them during this time of crisis is also available. More than forty thousand volunteers in the country are working around the clock to help vulnerable people with groceries, cooked food, hygiene kits, medicines, drinking water, face masks, sanitizers, towels and ambulance services wherever needed. In the recent Vizag Gas Leakage Tragedy, IRCS volunteers helped in the evacuation and announcement of precautions. They also distributed food & water among the affected families. As their core principles suggest, they are helping in everything they could with a kind heart. Visit www.vizagsafe.in for updated information the unfortunate incident or call 1800 4250 0009. If you are stranded are starving please call 9537622758/ 8790015666. Foundation The establishment of such an organization has an interesting starting point. During the Franco - Austrian war of 1859, a young businessman named Jean Henry Dunant was horrified at the view of injured soldiers helplessly waiting on the battlefield for medical care. After pitching the idea of relief services at an international conference, Geneva, Red Cross Movement took shape. Honouring the country he was born in, he chose an inverted cross of the Swiss national flag as an emblem for Red Cross. Indian Red Cross Society (IRCS) World War I left Indian soldiers without a major relief service to treat their injured body. Though the British Red Cross was established, it was not able to help all those soldiers in need. A bill passed in 1920 to set up an Indian Red Cross Society (IRCS) independent from the British Red Cross helped the organization to stay rooted in India. It operated all over the country through the Delhi headquarter. The Seven Principles Any staff, volunteer or supporter of Red Cross Society represents and abides seven principles that are the core of this organization. They are, 1. Humanity: Budding from respect towards human beings, the Red Cross works to ease the pain inflicted on humans. They are the strong advocates of reducing human suffering without discriminating them on any basis. 2. Impartiality: To treat people solely based on the medical emergency they pose and tend to their needs accordingly. They will not discriminate people based on nationally, race, religious beliefs, class or political opinions. 3. Neutrality: To win the trust of all, the representatives and supporters stay away from controversies that mainly stem from associating themselves with political, racial, religious or ideological vocal views. 4. Independence: They retain their autonomy status in the countries they are established in by abiding the laws of the respective countries. It gives them the authority to offer their services to mankind independently. 5. Voluntary service: It is not prompted by a desire for gain in any manner. 6. Unity: Only one Red Cross or Red Crescent establishment should be there in a country. While carrying out their humanitarian services, they should encourage understanding, fellowship, cooperation and lasting peace amongst everyone. 7. Universality: Red Cross doesn't discriminate. The 189 countries have equal status and share similar responsibilities. They believe in helping each other. Programmes in India Promoting humanitarian principles and values: To help people by promoting the above seven core values and believes. Disaster Relief: Provides relief during natural calamities like drought, earthquake, floods, cyclones and other natural disasters. Disaster response: Cater to the needs of people who are hit by disasters and are vulnerable. Disaster preparedness: A workshop is conducted based on strategic planning, community preparedness, disaster management structure, etc. Other Activities • Blood Bank • Awareness and prevention of HIV / AIDS • Hospital Services • Home for Disabled Servicemen • Vocational Training Centre • Tracing Activities • Maternity and Child Welfare • Family Welfare • Nursing How To Volunteer For The Red Cross Society Wanting to do something for the community is a noble thought. IRCS provides you with a path to bring some joy to the needy. Here is how you can serve. Consult UR nearby Red Cross branch Enrol Go through the orientation process Get to know the several viable ways that IRCS provides you to serve Get in touch with UR team and do UR bit And just like that, you opt to serve this historical society!
Keeping humanity alive through voluntary humanitarian work across the globe, Red Cross Society is spread in more than 180 countries….
COVID-19 Everything You Need To Know
The coronavirus pandemic has hit the world hard, but this is not the first time that it has happened. In the past there have been two other mutated coronaviruses that have caused epidemics. One was the SARS which was in 2002 and the other was the MARS, which was in 2012. To give you a comparison, the SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) caused by a novel coronavirus in 2002 had a mortality rate of 10%. The MERS, which is the Middle Eastern respiratory syndrome that came out in 2012, had a mortality rate of 35%. The current SARS 2 Coronavirus which causes COVID-19 has mortality in the region of about 2 to 3% probably more likely 1.5 to 2.5%. To give an idea, when we say infectiousness, we use the terminology called RO whereby we refer to what are the chances of an infected person transmitting to others and the chances of one infected person with COVID-19 can be transmitted to about 1.5 to 2.5 people. Here the incubation period can be as long as 14 days. Also, in flu the person has fever, body pain and cough which is also quite often seen with COVID-19, but in flu a lot of people have up respiratory symptoms in the form of cold, blocked nose, running nose which is less often seen with COVID-19. COVID-19 and flu are very similar in terms of how they are acquired which is through respiratory droplets and touching in animate surfaces which are contaminated by a person’s coughing and sneezing and then taking our hand near the mouth or face. The symptoms are similar. The mortality is probably a little higher. Home quarantine is advised in two situations One if you have come from a country where there is local transmission of this infection like in China, Iran, Italy, Germany, France or probably some other countries in near future which may report any cases. If you have come from any of these countries, and even if you don’t have symptoms of cough or fever, it is advised you stay in home quarantine for the next 14 days. By home quarantine I mean that you need to stay in a separate room, which is well ventilated with the doors closed. The person should not entertain any visitors and even the family should be at least 1 to 2 meters away from this person at all times. The person should not leave the house, should not go anywhere for any social gatherings, to school or even to social functions. Which means he should be entirely at home isolated. At present there are lot of people who either have come back from the country where it is prevalent but don’t have symptoms or there are some people who have symptoms, but no exposure to and proven individual with COVID or exposure to any countries where COVID has occurred. Now as I told you, the tests are done only in government centres and Public Health machinery decides who needs to be tested and the test is currently reserved only if you have come from abroad and asymptomatic or you are symptomatic with exposure to approve and COVID-19 case in India. There is a lot of wishful thinking that heat will kill the virus and it will cease to spread once summer sets in. Now, I am not very confident about this. The virus survives very well at the body temperature of 37 degrees. So in hot temperature if it falls on in-animate object, it will dry very fast. It means that transferring from one person to another through a medium will be less likely. But having said that we need to realise that most of the transmission happens indoors where inevitably the temperatures are much lower and there is air conditioning. Moving on, flu vaccine is only protective against circulating strain of flu. Because the flu vaccine virus is also very mutable virus or keeps changing every year depending on the circulating strain of the flu virus you need to take your vaccine is a booster every year to prevent yourself from getting flu. This has no connection whatsoever the SARS virus and this will not help protect you against COVID-19. SARS 2A COVID-19 is a self-limited condition. Incubation period is the time from the onset of exposure to the occurrence of the disease. It is in the median of 45 days, but can vary anywhere from 2 to 14 days. A person shows symptoms of cough, body pain and fever. Almost 80% of infections are mild and do not even want hospitalization. Another 15% may require hospitalization for oxygen and other supportive measures. 5% of people, which is one in 20 may end up in the ICU requiring ventilator support, out of which about 2 people may die. Those who die are typically elderly people over the age of 60 people with other co morbidities like diabetes, heart disease lung disease or kidney disease. It has been shown that the mortality can be as high as 15% in people over the age of 80. So, at present if you develop symptoms, we advise you home quarantine. If there is local transmission proven for example in India we start getting people who have never travelled, who have never been exposed to a proven case of COVID-19 being tested and proven that they could have this COVID-19 yes, it means we have to be careful. The general advice we give for everybody is avoid all non-essential travel, avoid all crowds, please do not wear a mask outside if you are public without any symptoms if you have symptoms wear a mask and stay indoors self-quarantine which means if you have some symptoms of cough or fever even if you are not sure it is COVID-19. All of us need to be safe. We need to ensure that we take personal responsibility for this which means that if you the symptoms of cough or fever irrespective of what it could be please avoid going to work please, avoid sending your children who may be having fever or cough to school to protect others. So civic sense and personal responsibilities are paramount at this point. If it means social isolation yes all of us need to stay indoors so that we don’t spread the virus and transmit it indiscriminately to others. Especially, old people who may not fare well during the current conditions.
The coronavirus pandemic has hit the world hard, but this is not the first time that it has happened. In…
Ayushman Bharat – A Scheme To Empower Health
Ayushman Bharat - A Scheme To Empower Health The idea of giving essential healthcare services to the underprivileged Indians gave birth to the Ayushman Bharat Yojana by our PM Narendra Modi in 2018. This scheme covers Rupees five lakh insurance to every (BPL) household annually for their healthcare. Research states that families living under the below poverty line had no hope for saving themselves with curable diseases due to poverty. To make this scheme accessible for the underprivileged, the government empanelled private hospital along with the public hospitals all over the nation. This scheme paved the way to make India the only country that provides the largest healthcare solely based on government funding in the world. In this honour, 30 April is observed as Ayushman Bharat Diwas across the country. Initially, this scheme was rejected by West Bengal, Telangana, Odisha, Delhi, Kerala and Punjab. But by 2020, this scheme was embraced by the state of Punjab. UR guide to Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana Benefits • Cashless and free medical treatment • 50 crores beneficiaries in the scheme • Covers everyone in the family (Doesn’t apply the condition to the number of family members) • No empanelled hospital can deny treatment • Quality health care • Hospitals are not allowed to increase the amount for treatment • Any eligible candidate can access the healthcare package from anywhere in India • Improves quality of life the people Means of delivery: Health And Wellness Centres: This scheme envisions providing one and a half lakh health centres that give services like comprehensive health care, maternal and child health care and treats non-communicable diseases. It also aims to provide free pharmaceuticals drugs along with diagnostics. Network hospitals, both private and public: The government empanel hospitals to treat PMJAY patients on a cashless basis with fixed costs of procedures/ailments. Eligibility criteria Population covered under the scheme is based on SECC (Socio-Economic Caste Census) 2011 data For Rural Areas: • Families living under the Below Poverty line • Families without adult supervision (without people under the age limit of 16 to 59 years) • A family consisting of disabled members without and able-bodied guardian • SC/ST communities household • manual labourers • People receiving alms for survival • People from the tribe community • Families with jobs such as manual scavengers • Bonded labourers that are legally released For Urban Areas: • Ragpickers • Beggars • Domestic workers • Hawkers • Sanitization workers • Artisans/ handicraft workers • Watchmen • Electrician/ mechanics/ repair workers • Truck drivers/ conductors/ rickshaw drivers • Peons/assistants/ attendants etc. The progress so far More than 28,000 healthcare centres are set up in the country. In less than three months of the introduction of the scheme, six lakh people benefited from the services. All states and Union Territories have received substantial funds for free drugs and diagnostics centres. More than 20,000 private hospitals are empanelled with the scheme. More than 12 crore cards are issued all over the country to avail the benefits of this scheme. Approximately more than 97.97 Lakh people are admitted in the hospital under this scheme. Provide a range of packages for treatment that include around 1579 packages for both surgical and medical. The treatment packages include a diagnostic charge 3 days before hospitalization and free drugs up to 15 days after hospitalization. Launched an efficient method to curb overcharging and exploitation of the scheme. A 24*7 grievance response portal is set up. The exploitation of the scheme The privileged people found a way to find loopholes in the scheme and are pocketing public funds through these loopholes. The first instance of this exploitation came into the limelight from Nainital, where the claims were fraudulent. As the scheme covers around 24 specialities of the medical sector, hospitals claimed to give these treatments to the patients without being equipped for such services. Dialysis is the first choice of fraudulent claims. Overcharging for the treatment and exploitation of public funds by the pretence of hospitalization without having a medical issue also came to light. The Government of India set up a fool-proof verification system to restrain these fraudulent claims by setting up a backend verification technology. During COVID-19 To reduce the panic during the current pandemic of Coronavirus, the testing and treatment of COVID-19 are now available at all the empanelled hospitals under the Ayushman Bharath Yojana. This also includes free testing to detect the presence of the virus. A helpline number, 1075 has been set up for the same cause. FHPL Family Health Plan Insurance (FHPL) is a licensed Third Party Administrator (TPA). We act as a bridge to the beneficiaries and their healthcare providers. FHPL is now tied-up with five states across the country to provide easy access to beneficiaries of PM-JAY and state-sponsored healthcare schemes. The Five States are Gujarat Uttarakhand West Bengal Punjab Assam Milestones FHPL has helped more than 1.2 crore families. Served more than 5 crore lives. Spread in more than 70 districts. Local Implementation In the 28 states and 8 Union Territories of India, Delhi, Punjab, Odisha, West Bengal and Telangana opted out of ‘Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Aarogya Yojana’. As of 2019, the state of Punjab embraced the scheme and issued more than 40, 50,000 and 62, 50,000 cards till date respectively. The healthcare scheme of the states that rejected PM-JAY Telangana The state refused to participate in the Ayushman Bharat Yojana as it already implemented Aarogyasri scheme that provides healthcare to over 80 lakh families. The state healthcare package involves organ transplant also that is not a part of the Ayushman Bharat Yojana. Benefits of Aarogyasri scheme • Financial protection of 2 lakhs per annum for surgery or serious diseases • Redeeming of 949 treatments under the scheme • Covers therapy, surgery and hospitalization • Cashless treatment Odisha According to the Ayushman Bharat Yojana, offered to secure 61 lakh families under the scheme. The requirements of the state were higher by 9 more lakh families. Due to this, the state hasn’t yet implemented this scheme in their state. The state is implementing its healthcare scheme named ‘Biju Swasthya Kalyan Yojana (BSKY)’ Benefits of Biju Swasthya Kalyan Yojana (BSKY) • Free diagnostic services in government hospitals • Free dialysis at the district level • Spectacles for students • Free cataract operations • Transportation reimbursement for pregnant women living in inaccessible areas West Bengal After comprehensive research on the state implemented scheme and the national scheme, West Bengal opted out of the central scheme. They are implementing Swasthya Sathi (SS) health protection scheme providing protection for 1.5 crore families. Benefits of Swasthya Sathi (SS) health protection scheme • Smart card, paperless and cashless based package • Reinforced IT backdrop to reduce fraudulent claims • No limit to family size and age • Covers severe diseases like cancer and the ones that require neurosurgery • 24*7 toll-free call centre • Mobile app for assisting beneficiaries
Ayushman Bharat – A Scheme To Empower Health The idea of giving essential healthcare services to the underprivileged Indians gave…
Are you an addict? Take the test and find out now!
The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) is a ten-item questionnaire developed by the World Health Organization (WHO) to assess alcohol consumption, drinking behaviours, and alcohol-related problems. It’s a reliable, simple and effective method of screening for unhealthy alcohol use, defined as risky or hazardous consumption or any alcohol use disorder. The AUDIT can also help identify alcohol dependence and specific consequences of harmful drinking. 1. How often do you have a drink containing alcohol? 2. How many drinks containing alcohol do you have on a typical day when you are drinking? 3. How often do you have six or more drinks on one occasion? 4. How often during the last year have you found that you were not able to stop drinking once you had started? 5. How often during the last year have you failed to do what was normally expected from you because of drinking? 6. How often during the last year have you needed a first drink in the morning to get yourself going after a heavy drinking session? 7. How often during the last year have you had a feeling of guilt or remorse after drinking? 8. How often during the last year have you been unable to remember what happened the night before because you had been drinking? 9. Have you or someone else been injured as a result of your drinking? 10. Has a relative or friend or a doctor or another health worker been concerned about your drinking or suggested you cut down?
The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) is a ten-item questionnaire developed by the World Health Organization (WHO) to assess…
COVID-19 And A New Way To Be Happy
Originally published in The San Francisco Gate Diseases point the way to the future if we pay attention. This holds especially true of the global outbreak of coronavirus COVID-19. It is clear that some important lessons have emerged already. Some of these are obvious because they are so visible: Uncertainty is a major cause of panic. No one could miss that lesson. Economies reflect mass psychology. This lesson follows from the first, because the plunge in worldwide markets has been driven by uncertainty. But if you look a bit deeper, COVID-19 exposes a need to take human well-being more seriously. The great push to create a welfare state is around a century old, and certain countries like Sweden and Denmark went much further than the United States. But even in places where democratic socialism won the day, true human welfare wasn’t addressed. The basic right to have guaranteed housing medicine, and education—the cornerstones of the modern welfare state—treat people as economic units. Actual well-being looks very different. Its hallmarks are community and mutual support, valuing happiness as essential to human life, affording lifelong good health, living in an environment with pure air and water, a lack of violence with a necessary emphasis on peace, equal acceptance for all, and the abolition of us-versus-them thinking of the kind that builds barriers of every kind. When you list these ingredients in one place, it becomes painfully clear that a welfare state is far from being a well-being state. COVID-19 exposed how insecure most people actually feel, to the point that the real pandemic is fear, not the virus. It has been largely futile to spread actual facts in the face of the mass fear that social media and 24/7 news incite so easily. The people who are chiefly at risk of dying from the virus as the elderly and disadvantaged, two groups likely to have compromised immune systems or underlying chronic medical conditions. COVID-19 has made people aware at some level that their well-being is of little interest to the leaders they elect. But the underlying issue is that the wellness movement hasn’t caught on even to the extent that the average person knows how to be well, secure, happy, and self-sufficient for life. For everyone else, standard prevention is the best recourse, with the additional advice not to go on extended planes trips or a cruise ship if you are already at risk. But such sensible medical advice is being drowned out. Moreover, the recent tendency toward authoritarian reactionary leadership has exposed that such leaders have a shocking lack of interest in anyone’s welfare but their own and the privileged class they belong to and protect. COVID-19 has made people aware at some level that their well-being is of little interest to the leaders they elect. But the underlying issue is that the wellness movement hasn’t caught on even to the extent that the average person knows how to be well, secure, happy, and self-sufficient for life. I mean this in personal terms, not economic ones. The average person is so fixated on holding a job and the price of gas that it seems like fantasy to talk about a fulfilling job and the price of unhappiness. We need a new way to be happy based on well-being. To instigate such a radical shift has already begun—the wellness movement is here to stay. Global warming, despite reactionary resistance, has already alerted the world that any solution must be global. Nationalism only makes the problem worse. Sectarian violence, terrorism, and civil unrest are pointless (as they always have been) if you and the person you hate are both under the same climate threat. If the progressive wing in politics really values well-being, it should propose a secretary position in the cabinet to boost everything that well-being stands for. If that proposal sounds too ideal or even foolish, then you might look in the mirror and ask what your own happiness is based on. If it is based on money, status, possessions, and lifelong consumerism, you need to wake up. Those have been the normal standards of happiness for a long time, but they have led to gross income disparity, a huge carbon footprint, a pitiful level of well-being for the world’s under-privileged, an ingrained prejudice against the poor and anyone “not like us,” and a society in which, beyond our immediate family and friends, all of us feel like strangers in a strange land. COVID-19 has brought the situation under a glaring spotlight. If the past is prologue, the immediate reflex will not be positive—stores will be cleaned out of essential products when the right thing to do is to share these products, not hoard them. Rumor, gossip, and absurd untruths will block sensible advice, correct facts, and a healthy caution toward the outbreak. But for all that, COVID-19 implies a new future and makes it more urgent. Passivity and inertia are no longer affordable. We’ve all booked passage on cruise ship Earth. There’s nowhere anyone can disembark, and all the passengers, including the ones in first class, are literally in the same boat. Only a new way to find happiness, based on a global self-care movements and personal well-being to replace empty consumerism and mass distractions, has any hope of leading to a better future. Consider this as seriously as you can, and make your own well-being the start of global wellness. DEEPAK CHOPRA MD, FACP, founder of The Chopra Foundation, a non-profit entity for research on well-being and humanitarianism, and Chopra Global, a modern-day health company at the intersection of science and spirituality, is a world-renowned pioneer in integrative medicine and personal transformation. Chopra is a Clinical Professor of Family Medicine and Public Health at the University of California, San Diego and serves as a senior scientist with Gallup Organization. He is the author of over 89 books translated into over forty-three languages, including numerous New York Times bestsellers. Chopra is a Clinical Professor of Family Medicine and Public Health at the University of California, San Diego and serves as a senior scientist with Gallup Organization. His 90th book, Metahuman: Unleashing Your Infinite Potential, unlocks the secrets to moving beyond our present limitations to access a field of infinite possibilities. TIME magazine has described Dr. Chopra as “one of the top 100 heroes and icons of the century.”
Originally published in The San Francisco Gate Diseases point the way to the future if we pay attention. This holds…
The world of Mosquitoes
The world of Mosquitoes To an extent, there has been a rise in mosquitoes around us in the last couple of weeks. The blame entirely cannot be put on the nationwide lockdown that India is currently undergoing. Mosquitoes generally thrive during the summer months. The Indian summer begins from late March to May and into June or July in parts of the country. Research has found no relation of transmission of COVID-19 from mosquitoes. Other diseases can be transmitted by mosquitoes, it’s best not let UR guards down during this time. The entire workforce of paramedics and municipal corporations have been busy with sanitization efforts in different parts of the country to prevent COVID-19. The temperature rising above 28 degrees Celsius in April and May, makes it peak breeding season for mosquitoes. Breeding is usually kept under check with fogging and spraying medicines. However, due to the coronavirus pandemic, negligible amount of time given to these activities. The mosquito ranks pretty high on the list of the worlds deadliest organisms. We along with Dr Suneetha Narreddy, infectious disease specialist get you the complete lowdown on mosquitoes to help safeguard URlife. Find below diseases causes by the deadly mosquito. Chikungunya majorly affects the Asian and African continents. Symptoms include severe joint pains and fever. Infected patients show signs within a week of the mosquito bite. Post onset, it takes another week to recover with proper medication. People already suffering from joint pains take up to 2 months to recover from the pain. As of last year, there are no associated deaths with Chikungunya. Dengue is most prevalent in tropical and subtropical regions. Symptoms include fever, headache (near the eyes), body pains, vomiting, motions. This disease causes a decrease in platelets levels. Platelets are those that help clot blood to prevent bleeding. If the platelet count is not gradually decreased, it takes two weeks to recover from dengue. Dengue could sometimes be life-threatening. Dengue kills approximately 22,000 people every year. Malaria is present through the African and Indian subcontinent. Symptoms include Chills & evening fever on alternate days. With proper medication and care people affected from malaria can recover within three weeks. 405,000 deaths occur every year due to malaria. Zika virus predominantly hits Africa, North and South America, Asia and the Pacific. Symptoms include Mild fever, Rash, Conjunctivitis, muscle, joint pain and headaches. If a pregnant person gets affected by this virus, it hinders the development of the foetus and complicates the birthing process. There is no treatment to the virus, so prevention is the only method to stay safe. Though cases are confirmed round the globe there is no fatality rate. Lymphatic filariasis (elephantiasis) is one of the common diseases frequented in the tropical and subtropical areas. Symptoms include Permanent swelling of the lymph node. This affects mostly the lower legs and is not treatable. A medicine that can be taken only once a year seems to kill the parasite. It’s not a deadly disease but causes irreversible damage. Japanese Encephalitis is a brain infection prevalent in Asia and the West Pacific. Symptoms include Headache, Fever, Disorientation, swelling of the brain (rarely). A vaccine is available to keep this disease at bay. If affected, it cannot be treated with medicine. More than 24,000 die due to this disease every year. According to Umeå University, Sweden, mosquito larvae can spread infectious diseases like Ockelbo disease similar to Chikungunya alphavirus. Since this can cause a viral infection outbreak, it is best to take precautions to prevent breeding near UR surrounding areas, especially in the stagnant water. Prevention is better than cure! • Try not to be outdoors during the early mornings and early evenings. • Wear loose fitting clothes. • Apply citronella oil as a mosquito repellent while going out. Citronella can also be used as bracelets, stickers or patches. • Use mosquito nets. • Use mosquito screens on windows and doors. • Get rid of stagnant water where mosquitoes breed or grow gambusia fish in stagnant water ponds. • Lemon, eucalyptus or neem oil can also be used to ward off the mosquitoes. The truth behind the mosquito sting A mosquito bites through its proboscis (a long elongated sucking tube) which functions more or less like a needle. As soon as this needle structure pierces our skin, the pain receptors send alarm signals to our brain about the sting. The interesting aspect here is that technically our blood clots as soon as a mosquito bites us, but the chemical compounds in the mosquito saliva dissolves the clot and allows the mosquito to suck blood until we kill it or shoo it away. Mosquito bites don’t leave without a bit of swelling and a burning sensation. Things get worse when these bitten areas turn into a viable path for infectious diseases. Applying heat on the area brings down swelling and numbs the pain. If pus-forms or if you’re having an allergic reaction, paired with high temperature, please consult UR doctor immediately. Think before preferring coils and mosquito repellents Mosquito coils have been in use in most countries of South Asia, Africa and South America. They are generally considered an excellent way to get rid of the insect. Some studies have suggested that coils harmful chemicals and can affect humans when used in closed spaces, same is the case with mosquito repellents. Side effects such as eye irritation, headaches and frequent allergic rhinitis are reported in children and babies. As far as the adults are concerned, the DEET (diethyltoluamide, mosquito repellent) present in the repellents is safe only when used according to the instructions. Unknown facts about mosquitoes • People with fair skin tend to have a stronger reaction to a mosquito bite. The histamine released by our bodies in response to mosquito saliva tends to be stronger in individuals with lighter skin • The Greek name for mosquito is Anopheles, which means ‘Good for nothing’ • Mosquitoes bite people with ‘O’ type blood groups nearly twice as often as those with other blood groups. • Mosquito repellents work by hiding you. They block mosquito sensors, so they don’t know you are there. • Only female mosquito feast on human blood before laying eggs • Mosquitoes are attracted to the carbon dioxide found in human breath and sweat. They are equipped to sense the heat and humidity that surrounds our bodies. The life cycle of a mosquito The mosquito experiences four particular phases of its life cycle. Egg, Larva, Pupa, and Adult. Every stage can be recognized by its appearance. Eggs are laid on the inner, wet walls of containers with water, over the waterline. Mosquitoes usually lay 100 eggs at a time. The eggs are exceptionally solid; adhere to the walls of a container like glue and can survive severe conditions for up to 8 months. It takes a minimal quantity of water. Bowls, cups, tires, barrels, jars and any vessel storing water makes for an extraordinary “nursery.” Larva rises out of mosquito eggs, only after the water level ascents to cover the eggs. This implies that rainwater or people adding water to containers with eggs will trigger the larvae to develop. Generally, eggs hatch into larvae within 48 hrs. After shedding subsequently 3 times, the larva changes into a pupa. The pupa is a resting stage and the time where it develops into an adult. After development, the pupal skin splits, and the adult flying mosquito emerges. Adult mosquitoes rest on the water surface for a few minutes to harden all its body parts. Female mosquitoes need to feed on humans and animals for blood to produce eggs. After mating, female mosquitoes will look after water sources to lay more eggs. It takes approximately 8-10 days for the entire life cycle, from an egg to death. Considering quarantine, limited movement and budget here is what you can do to prevent mosquitoes at home • Unclogging the rooftop • Emptying any children's pools • Changing the water in any water basins week after week • Ensuring rain water isn't collecting in waste can tops • Put away boxes or unused containers. Store them upside down I recently met Mr.Patrick Firmenich, Chairman of the world’s largest privately owned perfume and taste company, Firmenich. He told us how they were working with The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to fight mosquito borne diseases. Malaria is a disease that could be eradicated completely. If I understood right, they were working on releasing a scent into the world that could stop mosquitoes from smelling and getting attracted to human beings. If mosquitoes couldn’t smell or recognize us, the chance of them biting could be very minimal. These organizations are striving to develop data-based, scientific tools to deal with the world wide mosquito outbreak. . Till date, an estimated amount of US$2.9 billion, grants were spent to eradicate malaria around the globe.
The world of Mosquitoes To an extent, there has been a rise in mosquitoes around us in the last couple…
Things you should know about UR family doctor
Things you should know about UR family doctor Has he/she renewed their medical license This is very important for every doctor to follow. Sometimes a personal relationship can come in between questioning an important aspect. For the sake of UR loved ones and you, please make sure UR family doctor has a valid license. Addressing this reassures UR trust in your doctor as well. Are they well-versed with new medical practices? It doesn't matter since when you know UR family doctor. It's crucial that UR family doctor is updated with the latest treatments and medical practices. If you find it sensitive to shift, try doing an online consult and get another opinion. It’s so important for people in the medical profession to stay up to date with the latest advancements in medicine & technology. Are they aware of UR family's health history? During times of Emergency knowing yours and UR family’s history can be extremely beneficial. Being aware of UR allergies, medical history, family history, habits, lifestyle and environment play a huge role in times of emergency. Updating UR doctor with UR yearly family health check reports can be a huge leap towards taking responsibility for UR health. Are they available and accessible when you need them? It’s important that UR family doctor makes you a priority and is available when you need them. If they are too busy, it’s worth a change. Comfort is built through availability and accessibility. Remember they need you as much as you need them. Do they have tie-ups with teaching institutes, multi-speciality hospitals and other experts? This can be a deal-breaker because every individual should get the right medical treatment they deserve. UR family doctor should work with a set of experts to gain knowledge as well as a second opinion. Associations with multi-speciality hospitals or educational institutions help gain knowledge as well as access to a trusted network of experts at the time of need. I’m not saying this just because of Apollo, but I know how group practice works and how important it is for the doctor and patients to get a second opinion. UR safety is way more important than the doctor’s ego.
Things you should know about UR family doctor Has he/she renewed their medical license This is very important for every…