How Emotions Affect UR Immunity
Our mind and body are eternally interlinked. Ailments of the body can manifest as psychological problems. Likewise, matters of mind like stress and anxiety can affect the functioning of the body and its responses, including immunity. Emotion is derived from the Latin term 'emovere', which means to stir up, to agitate and to excite. Emotions can be broadly grouped into two categories - positive and negative. Extroverts tend to be more socially active and are better at expressing their feelings. On the other hand, introverts tend to be withdrawn; hence, they conceal their emotions. People with good emotional health are aware of their feelings, thoughts, and behaviours. They have learned to cope with the stress and problems in a healthy way. It is well established that denial or suppression of emotions is not an effective strategy to deal with emotions. Infact it makes it worse. It is therefore essential that we acknowledge our feelings, reflect on its nature, and if unhelpful then put them aside as much as possible. The Covid-19 pandemic has unleashed an epidemic of emotional reactions such as fear, anxiety, sadness and stress. While many will experience transient anxiety, some will be pushed over the cusp, wherein their unremitting concern will turn into an ailment, or medical condition called anxiety disorder. Impact of emotional problems on health During emotional crisis one may ignore self-care, eat unhealthy diet, avoid activities or exercise. They may resort to maladaptive coping with alcohol, tobacco or tranquilising medicine (sleeping/calming pills). This has a negative bearing on general health. And when stress or stressors persist over a prolonged period, our 'fight or flight response' remains activated and that's not good for our health as it releases excessive stress hormones, and can wear us down physically and psychologically. Well established consequences of prolonged or recurring stress include high blood pressure, heart disease, stomach ulcer, as well as psychological problems like anxiety, depression and addiction. Unremitting stress can also over-activate the immune system - worsen arthritis and psoriasis, acne and even trigger asthma attacks. Besides, it can make you vulnerable to infections and allergies. There is evidence that an effectively managed stress and emotions can have a positive impact on the nervous and immune system. For instance, relaxation activities such as massage, humour, listening to music, reading can have a benefit on overall health and reduces stress hormones in the body. Express UR feelings in an appropriate way If feelings of sadness, stress, or anxiety are causing problems, keeping these feelings inside can make you feel worse. They say "a problem shared is a problem halved", which means when in difficulty it is useful to talk to someone about it. In doing so, you share the burden, move onto solutions and in the process, learn about yourself. It's is essential to deal with negative feelings, but also focus on the positive things in UR life. It will help if you also find ways to let go of things in UR life that are unhelpful while making time for things you enjoy. So, it's okay to let UR loved ones know when something is bothering you. Moreover, keep in mind that UR family and friends may not always be able to help you deal with your feelings appropriately. At these times, try asking someone outside the situation for help. A professional can provide independent, timely and objective advise/support that might help you bounce back as well as improve your emotional health. Other strategies for a balanced life • Even in difficulties, make an effort to resume and maintain a healthy and active routine with balanced diet and exercise (30 - 45 mins of moderate-intensity for 4-5 days per week) • To manage our reactions, we need to acknowledge, understand and accept our emotions. In doing so, we shall cope better and come out of this crisis being more resourceful, rejuvenated and rested. Meditation is an effective and time tested strategy to bring about emotional awareness and mind-body harmony. • Take care of UR body by having enough sleep - ideally 7-8 hours per night. Sleep is essential for rest and recovery from day to day assaults on our body and mind. • Avoid abuse of alcohol or drugs as they can worsen UR health, UR anxiety and relationship problems. • Remember, to be grateful for what you have, think positive, curb negative thoughts where possible, smile more often, and do things to keep yourself positive and happy. • A consistently balanced life is a healthier life. Developing resilience Resilience is the ability to face stress and challenges and to bounce back and recover. To develop resilience, one ought to take up and face challenges and reflect on the difficulties while finding solutions. In doing so, one learns to improvise and move from problems to a solution orientation. Other methods include mobilising social support, keeping a positive view of yourself, accepting change, and keeping things in perspective. An emotionally stable person is thus at a much better position to develop resilience. Emotional awareness is not just crucial for a peaceful, calm and healthy life and healthy relationships, but it also has a positive impact on UR immunity. As a lack of it can contribute to building up of stress, which compromises immunity and makes one susceptible to infection and other ailments. Dr Roshan Jain, 16 May 2020
Our mind and body are eternally interlinked. Ailments of the body can manifest as psychological problems. Likewise, matters of mind…
Could UR Child Have A Birth Defect Because Of UR Alcohol Consumption?
Could UR Child Have A Birth Defect Because Of UR Alcohol Consumption? Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is a condition that results when a pregnant woman consumes alcohol. This condition causes brain damage and developmental problems and is a spectrum which may have physical, neurological, mental and learning defects. Though FAS can be prevented, it is incapacitating. But while the weaknesses vary from individual to individual, these defects can be permanent. Types Of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders • Fetal alcohol syndrome • Partial fetal alcohol syndrome • Alcohol-related congenital disabilities • Alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorders • Neuro-behavioural disorder associated with prenatal alcohol exposure Causes When the mother consumes alcohol during her pregnancy, the distribution of alcohol to the baby through the umbilical cord causes FAS. There is no measure of 'safe limit' alcohol intake during pregnancy. Prenatal consumption of alcohol by the mother should be discouraged before conception and right through the pregnancy as alcohol can cause neurodevelopmental disorders and alcohol-related birth defects. So abstinence from alcohol should begin from the very first visit to the doctor or should be promptly treated if the mother-to-be is not able to stop drinking alcohol. When a pregnant woman drinks alcohol during pregnancy, it crosses the placenta and reaches the developing baby. The foetus metabolises alcohol slower than an adult. The alcohol content in the blood interferes with oxygen supply and nutrition supply to the developing baby. Alcohol consumption by a pregnant mother can cause permanent brain damage in the baby. Symptoms The symptoms are a combination of physical, cognitive and mental disabilities and neurodevelopmental disorders. However, the severity and extent of symptoms for FAS can widely differ among individuals. Some individuals may also have difficulty in coping with their daily life routine. Physical Defects • FAS facies • An individual with this disorder may have distinctive facies, small eyes, thin upper lip, short nose, upturned nose and smooth skin between the nose and upper lip • Joint and limb deformities • Slow growth both before and after birth • Small head circumference and head size • Vision and hearing defects • Cardiac, renal and bony defects Neurological & Brain Defects • Poor memory and coordination • Learning disabilities • Delayed milestones and delayed development • Bad memory • Attention-deficit • Rapidly changing moods • Difficulty making decisions • Hyperactivity and jitteriness • Trouble processing information and analysing it Diagnosis FAS is a disorder that comes under the umbrella term known as a fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) which further comprises of five disorders: • Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) • Partial fetal alcohol syndrome (pFAS) • Alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder (ARND), • Neurobehavioral disorder associated with prenatal alcohol exposure (ND-PAE) • Alcohol-related birth defects (ARBD) For diagnosis, all these disorders come into play to indicate the physical and neurological effects of prenatal alcohol consumption by the mother on the fetus. Additionally, each of the five disorders that include the FASD has particular criteria for diagnosis. But due to the extensive exhibition and immense similarity with other hereditary and environment causes, making a definitive diagnosis is not possible for FASD. Once FASD is suspected, the patient will be referred to some specialists to exclude other likely conditions for a conclusive diagnosis. The specialist could vary depending on the patient’s age. Usually, the team of specialists for diagnosis includes a physician or paediatrician or someone with knowledge and expertise in FASD, psychologist, occupational therapist and a speech-language pathologist. Treatment No one treatment is a comprehensive treatment as this a spectrum of disorders and every child presents differently. The child needs medical, physical, behavioural and social modalities of treatment. Initially, treatment begins with behavioural education and physiotherapy. Meanwhile, parent training with all respective medications and other medical therapy should go on simultaneously. Social skill development, training and educational interventions should also be provided -primary care in a specialist centre with medical help and community support services. Prevention FAS can be prevented by simply avoiding alcohol intake during pregnancy. If you are planning a pregnancy, stop drinking alcohol and continue to avoid drinking alcohol throughout UR pregnancy. If you are not able to stop drinking alcohol, get help before planning a pregnancy. Since pregnancy is not confirmed until the 4th-6th week of fetal development, couples are advised to avoid alcohol altogether, as you may expose your developing baby to alcohol without meaning to.
Could UR Child Have A Birth Defect Because Of UR Alcohol Consumption? Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is a condition that…
Think Global, Act Local
Several decades ago, everything that is locally available was 'sustainable'. Globalization opened gates to new prospects all around the world. It gave way for commercial production of indigenous goods for exporting them around the globe as a mark of trade and prosperity. It also started the flow of imported goods, some of them are necessary, some are a novelty, and some are an utter indulgence. Because of the pandemic, imports and exports have come to a standstill. It might be a good time to retrace our steps to sustain on local produce and products. This applies to various fields, and one such aspect is our use of flowers. India has an abundance of flowers and foliage growing in its own backyard. It produces and exports many kinds of commercial flowers. Roses, carnations, gladioli, chrysanthemums, gerberas, lilies, anthuriums are some of the many which grow well here. All these are cut flowers which are found commonly in florist shops and bought for an event or home décor. The swing towards imported flowers is big time and is preferred by many as it provides the thrill of using something new. It was a visually beautiful phase, no doubt. Now it is about time to focus on the beautiful flowers and foliage, a tropical country like ours has to offer. Like the tuberoses of West Bengal to Tamil Nadu's jasmine, tulips from Kashmir and heliconias from Kerala. Think of using and cashing in on home produce. The reasons are similar to why we emphasize on local food. No long-distance shipping, reducing carbon footprint, supporting the local economy and more are the perks. Even from home gardens or pots from your apartment balcony, simple kanakambaram, ixora, oleander, temple tree flowers, coloured foliage can be used to bring a pretty touch to the room. They can be used as floral rangolis, garlands, floated in an urli or put together in a small container to give a beautiful touch of nature to the indoors. Plants can be grown well in apartment balconies and terraces of your homes. Do keep in mind though that sunlight for a couple of hours a day is essential for these plants to give an abundance of blooms and lush foliage. Flowering plants that you can try to grow at your home: Bougainvillaea Morning glory Temple tree dwarf variety Clerodendrum Creeper roses Jasmine Hibiscuses Begonia Geranium Periwinkle Pentas Kalanchoe Adenium Verbena Petunia Pansy Marigold Foliage plants: Aloe Vera Sansevieria Syngonium Dracaena Asparagus Money plant Jade plant Zamia Rubber plant Areca Palm Flowering plants that do well in the Deccan Plateau: Bougainvillaea Oleander Lantana Euphorbia Ixora Zinnia Periwinkle Spathiphyllum Sunflower Marigold Periwinkle, marigold, nerium, hibiscus, ixora are beautiful flowering plants, most of which have medicinal value apart from the other herbal plants. It would be good to cash in on their beauty and use them for traditional home remedies and health benefits. Advantages of using local floral material: • No long-distance shipping; no losses due to a decline in the pristine condition of the flowers. As exported flowers have to fulfil a quarantine period, they may sometimes reach in an early stage of decomposition. • Reducing the carbon footprint is an economic gain and contributes to self-sustainment. • Supporting the local economy as they will flourish. • Community wellbeing. • Provide jobs and wages during the upcoming recession if any. • Entrepreneurship goals achieved. • Provides product diversity in the local markets. • Environmental sustainability. Significance of flowers in Indian mythology Flowers and leaves have great significance in mythology. There is mention of different kinds of trees in ancient literature. Have you ever wondered why we use the only particular flower for a specific festival? Each deity is symbolized through some flower and is considered sacred. Here is a small sample of the plethora we have. • Lotus is known for divinity, purity and fertility. Goddess Lakshmi is always represented sitting in a Lotus flower. • Jasmine flowers and garlands are common in temples and are one of the best things to look forward to in the heat of summer. • Hibiscus flowers are said to be the flower for Goddess Kali • Parijata is said to be the heavenly tree brought down to earth by Lord Krishna. • Bathukamma-Telangana floral festival: The nine-day celebration of this festival features a lot of seasonal flowers. Stacks of flowers like thangedu (Cassia auriculata), marigold, chrysanthemums built up in a pretty mound are made and later released into a lake or a river. These flowers hold medicinal properties, according to Ayurveda. If there ever was a pressing need to reiterate a phrase of relevance in the times we live in now, it is this. 'Think global, act local.' Many decades ago, life and lifestyle, travel and living were local. The last couple of decades all of it swayed to global and now is the crucial time to rebound to local. It's been 50 years since we officially started Earth Day, every day is one now. Respite for the earth and solace for the soul.
Several decades ago, everything that is locally available was ‘sustainable’. Globalization opened gates to new prospects all around the world….
Celebrating The Red Cross Society
Keeping humanity alive through voluntary humanitarian work across the globe, Red Cross Society is spread in more than 180 countries. Their fundamental principles are to help during a disaster, emergencies and provide healthcare to people that are from the vulnerable communities. To celebrate the establishment of such a wonderful organization, the 8th of May is marked as World Red Cross and Red Crescent Day. COVID-19 Crisis On the international forefront, the IRCF (International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies) is working on guidance, preparedness, contingency, recovery after the pandemic, Staff/volunteer health and wellbeing, mental health and psychosocial support, risk communication, community engagement, rapid training for community response, water, sanitation, hygiene, basic needs and shelters. They are also raising funds with a target of a hundred and fifty million dollars to help people during the COVID-19 pandemic. The Indian Red Cross Society set up a mobile blood collection units as it’s one of the essential service needed to save lives. Psychosocial Counselling and ensuring the safety of staff and volunteers supporting them during this time of crisis is also available. More than forty thousand volunteers in the country are working around the clock to help vulnerable people with groceries, cooked food, hygiene kits, medicines, drinking water, face masks, sanitizers, towels and ambulance services wherever needed. In the recent Vizag Gas Leakage Tragedy, IRCS volunteers helped in the evacuation and announcement of precautions. They also distributed food & water among the affected families. As their core principles suggest, they are helping in everything they could with a kind heart. Visit www.vizagsafe.in for updated information the unfortunate incident or call 1800 4250 0009. If you are stranded are starving please call 9537622758/ 8790015666. Foundation The establishment of such an organization has an interesting starting point. During the Franco - Austrian war of 1859, a young businessman named Jean Henry Dunant was horrified at the view of injured soldiers helplessly waiting on the battlefield for medical care. After pitching the idea of relief services at an international conference, Geneva, Red Cross Movement took shape. Honouring the country he was born in, he chose an inverted cross of the Swiss national flag as an emblem for Red Cross. Indian Red Cross Society (IRCS) World War I left Indian soldiers without a major relief service to treat their injured body. Though the British Red Cross was established, it was not able to help all those soldiers in need. A bill passed in 1920 to set up an Indian Red Cross Society (IRCS) independent from the British Red Cross helped the organization to stay rooted in India. It operated all over the country through the Delhi headquarter. The Seven Principles Any staff, volunteer or supporter of Red Cross Society represents and abides seven principles that are the core of this organization. They are, 1. Humanity: Budding from respect towards human beings, the Red Cross works to ease the pain inflicted on humans. They are the strong advocates of reducing human suffering without discriminating them on any basis. 2. Impartiality: To treat people solely based on the medical emergency they pose and tend to their needs accordingly. They will not discriminate people based on nationally, race, religious beliefs, class or political opinions. 3. Neutrality: To win the trust of all, the representatives and supporters stay away from controversies that mainly stem from associating themselves with political, racial, religious or ideological vocal views. 4. Independence: They retain their autonomy status in the countries they are established in by abiding the laws of the respective countries. It gives them the authority to offer their services to mankind independently. 5. Voluntary service: It is not prompted by a desire for gain in any manner. 6. Unity: Only one Red Cross or Red Crescent establishment should be there in a country. While carrying out their humanitarian services, they should encourage understanding, fellowship, cooperation and lasting peace amongst everyone. 7. Universality: Red Cross doesn't discriminate. The 189 countries have equal status and share similar responsibilities. They believe in helping each other. Programmes in India Promoting humanitarian principles and values: To help people by promoting the above seven core values and believes. Disaster Relief: Provides relief during natural calamities like drought, earthquake, floods, cyclones and other natural disasters. Disaster response: Cater to the needs of people who are hit by disasters and are vulnerable. Disaster preparedness: A workshop is conducted based on strategic planning, community preparedness, disaster management structure, etc. Other Activities • Blood Bank • Awareness and prevention of HIV / AIDS • Hospital Services • Home for Disabled Servicemen • Vocational Training Centre • Tracing Activities • Maternity and Child Welfare • Family Welfare • Nursing How To Volunteer For The Red Cross Society Wanting to do something for the community is a noble thought. IRCS provides you with a path to bring some joy to the needy. Here is how you can serve. Consult UR nearby Red Cross branch Enrol Go through the orientation process Get to know the several viable ways that IRCS provides you to serve Get in touch with UR team and do UR bit And just like that, you opt to serve this historical society!
Keeping humanity alive through voluntary humanitarian work across the globe, Red Cross Society is spread in more than 180 countries….
Ayushman Bharat – A Scheme To Empower Health
Ayushman Bharat - A Scheme To Empower Health The idea of giving essential healthcare services to the underprivileged Indians gave birth to the Ayushman Bharat Yojana by our PM Narendra Modi in 2018. This scheme covers Rupees five lakh insurance to every (BPL) household annually for their healthcare. Research states that families living under the below poverty line had no hope for saving themselves with curable diseases due to poverty. To make this scheme accessible for the underprivileged, the government empanelled private hospital along with the public hospitals all over the nation. This scheme paved the way to make India the only country that provides the largest healthcare solely based on government funding in the world. In this honour, 30 April is observed as Ayushman Bharat Diwas across the country. Initially, this scheme was rejected by West Bengal, Telangana, Odisha, Delhi, Kerala and Punjab. But by 2020, this scheme was embraced by the state of Punjab. UR guide to Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana Benefits • Cashless and free medical treatment • 50 crores beneficiaries in the scheme • Covers everyone in the family (Doesn’t apply the condition to the number of family members) • No empanelled hospital can deny treatment • Quality health care • Hospitals are not allowed to increase the amount for treatment • Any eligible candidate can access the healthcare package from anywhere in India • Improves quality of life the people Means of delivery: Health And Wellness Centres: This scheme envisions providing one and a half lakh health centres that give services like comprehensive health care, maternal and child health care and treats non-communicable diseases. It also aims to provide free pharmaceuticals drugs along with diagnostics. Network hospitals, both private and public: The government empanel hospitals to treat PMJAY patients on a cashless basis with fixed costs of procedures/ailments. Eligibility criteria Population covered under the scheme is based on SECC (Socio-Economic Caste Census) 2011 data For Rural Areas: • Families living under the Below Poverty line • Families without adult supervision (without people under the age limit of 16 to 59 years) • A family consisting of disabled members without and able-bodied guardian • SC/ST communities household • manual labourers • People receiving alms for survival • People from the tribe community • Families with jobs such as manual scavengers • Bonded labourers that are legally released For Urban Areas: • Ragpickers • Beggars • Domestic workers • Hawkers • Sanitization workers • Artisans/ handicraft workers • Watchmen • Electrician/ mechanics/ repair workers • Truck drivers/ conductors/ rickshaw drivers • Peons/assistants/ attendants etc. The progress so far More than 28,000 healthcare centres are set up in the country. In less than three months of the introduction of the scheme, six lakh people benefited from the services. All states and Union Territories have received substantial funds for free drugs and diagnostics centres. More than 20,000 private hospitals are empanelled with the scheme. More than 12 crore cards are issued all over the country to avail the benefits of this scheme. Approximately more than 97.97 Lakh people are admitted in the hospital under this scheme. Provide a range of packages for treatment that include around 1579 packages for both surgical and medical. The treatment packages include a diagnostic charge 3 days before hospitalization and free drugs up to 15 days after hospitalization. Launched an efficient method to curb overcharging and exploitation of the scheme. A 24*7 grievance response portal is set up. The exploitation of the scheme The privileged people found a way to find loopholes in the scheme and are pocketing public funds through these loopholes. The first instance of this exploitation came into the limelight from Nainital, where the claims were fraudulent. As the scheme covers around 24 specialities of the medical sector, hospitals claimed to give these treatments to the patients without being equipped for such services. Dialysis is the first choice of fraudulent claims. Overcharging for the treatment and exploitation of public funds by the pretence of hospitalization without having a medical issue also came to light. The Government of India set up a fool-proof verification system to restrain these fraudulent claims by setting up a backend verification technology. During COVID-19 To reduce the panic during the current pandemic of Coronavirus, the testing and treatment of COVID-19 are now available at all the empanelled hospitals under the Ayushman Bharath Yojana. This also includes free testing to detect the presence of the virus. A helpline number, 1075 has been set up for the same cause. FHPL Family Health Plan Insurance (FHPL) is a licensed Third Party Administrator (TPA). We act as a bridge to the beneficiaries and their healthcare providers. FHPL is now tied-up with five states across the country to provide easy access to beneficiaries of PM-JAY and state-sponsored healthcare schemes. The Five States are Gujarat Uttarakhand West Bengal Punjab Assam Milestones FHPL has helped more than 1.2 crore families. Served more than 5 crore lives. Spread in more than 70 districts. Local Implementation In the 28 states and 8 Union Territories of India, Delhi, Punjab, Odisha, West Bengal and Telangana opted out of ‘Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Aarogya Yojana’. As of 2019, the state of Punjab embraced the scheme and issued more than 40, 50,000 and 62, 50,000 cards till date respectively. The healthcare scheme of the states that rejected PM-JAY Telangana The state refused to participate in the Ayushman Bharat Yojana as it already implemented Aarogyasri scheme that provides healthcare to over 80 lakh families. The state healthcare package involves organ transplant also that is not a part of the Ayushman Bharat Yojana. Benefits of Aarogyasri scheme • Financial protection of 2 lakhs per annum for surgery or serious diseases • Redeeming of 949 treatments under the scheme • Covers therapy, surgery and hospitalization • Cashless treatment Odisha According to the Ayushman Bharat Yojana, offered to secure 61 lakh families under the scheme. The requirements of the state were higher by 9 more lakh families. Due to this, the state hasn’t yet implemented this scheme in their state. The state is implementing its healthcare scheme named ‘Biju Swasthya Kalyan Yojana (BSKY)’ Benefits of Biju Swasthya Kalyan Yojana (BSKY) • Free diagnostic services in government hospitals • Free dialysis at the district level • Spectacles for students • Free cataract operations • Transportation reimbursement for pregnant women living in inaccessible areas West Bengal After comprehensive research on the state implemented scheme and the national scheme, West Bengal opted out of the central scheme. They are implementing Swasthya Sathi (SS) health protection scheme providing protection for 1.5 crore families. Benefits of Swasthya Sathi (SS) health protection scheme • Smart card, paperless and cashless based package • Reinforced IT backdrop to reduce fraudulent claims • No limit to family size and age • Covers severe diseases like cancer and the ones that require neurosurgery • 24*7 toll-free call centre • Mobile app for assisting beneficiaries
Ayushman Bharat – A Scheme To Empower Health The idea of giving essential healthcare services to the underprivileged Indians gave…
The world of Mosquitoes
The world of Mosquitoes To an extent, there has been a rise in mosquitoes around us in the last couple of weeks. The blame entirely cannot be put on the nationwide lockdown that India is currently undergoing. Mosquitoes generally thrive during the summer months. The Indian summer begins from late March to May and into June or July in parts of the country. Research has found no relation of transmission of COVID-19 from mosquitoes. Other diseases can be transmitted by mosquitoes, it’s best not let UR guards down during this time. The entire workforce of paramedics and municipal corporations have been busy with sanitization efforts in different parts of the country to prevent COVID-19. The temperature rising above 28 degrees Celsius in April and May, makes it peak breeding season for mosquitoes. Breeding is usually kept under check with fogging and spraying medicines. However, due to the coronavirus pandemic, negligible amount of time given to these activities. The mosquito ranks pretty high on the list of the worlds deadliest organisms. We along with Dr Suneetha Narreddy, infectious disease specialist get you the complete lowdown on mosquitoes to help safeguard URlife. Find below diseases causes by the deadly mosquito. Chikungunya majorly affects the Asian and African continents. Symptoms include severe joint pains and fever. Infected patients show signs within a week of the mosquito bite. Post onset, it takes another week to recover with proper medication. People already suffering from joint pains take up to 2 months to recover from the pain. As of last year, there are no associated deaths with Chikungunya. Dengue is most prevalent in tropical and subtropical regions. Symptoms include fever, headache (near the eyes), body pains, vomiting, motions. This disease causes a decrease in platelets levels. Platelets are those that help clot blood to prevent bleeding. If the platelet count is not gradually decreased, it takes two weeks to recover from dengue. Dengue could sometimes be life-threatening. Dengue kills approximately 22,000 people every year. Malaria is present through the African and Indian subcontinent. Symptoms include Chills & evening fever on alternate days. With proper medication and care people affected from malaria can recover within three weeks. 405,000 deaths occur every year due to malaria. Zika virus predominantly hits Africa, North and South America, Asia and the Pacific. Symptoms include Mild fever, Rash, Conjunctivitis, muscle, joint pain and headaches. If a pregnant person gets affected by this virus, it hinders the development of the foetus and complicates the birthing process. There is no treatment to the virus, so prevention is the only method to stay safe. Though cases are confirmed round the globe there is no fatality rate. Lymphatic filariasis (elephantiasis) is one of the common diseases frequented in the tropical and subtropical areas. Symptoms include Permanent swelling of the lymph node. This affects mostly the lower legs and is not treatable. A medicine that can be taken only once a year seems to kill the parasite. It’s not a deadly disease but causes irreversible damage. Japanese Encephalitis is a brain infection prevalent in Asia and the West Pacific. Symptoms include Headache, Fever, Disorientation, swelling of the brain (rarely). A vaccine is available to keep this disease at bay. If affected, it cannot be treated with medicine. More than 24,000 die due to this disease every year. According to Umeå University, Sweden, mosquito larvae can spread infectious diseases like Ockelbo disease similar to Chikungunya alphavirus. Since this can cause a viral infection outbreak, it is best to take precautions to prevent breeding near UR surrounding areas, especially in the stagnant water. Prevention is better than cure! • Try not to be outdoors during the early mornings and early evenings. • Wear loose fitting clothes. • Apply citronella oil as a mosquito repellent while going out. Citronella can also be used as bracelets, stickers or patches. • Use mosquito nets. • Use mosquito screens on windows and doors. • Get rid of stagnant water where mosquitoes breed or grow gambusia fish in stagnant water ponds. • Lemon, eucalyptus or neem oil can also be used to ward off the mosquitoes. The truth behind the mosquito sting A mosquito bites through its proboscis (a long elongated sucking tube) which functions more or less like a needle. As soon as this needle structure pierces our skin, the pain receptors send alarm signals to our brain about the sting. The interesting aspect here is that technically our blood clots as soon as a mosquito bites us, but the chemical compounds in the mosquito saliva dissolves the clot and allows the mosquito to suck blood until we kill it or shoo it away. Mosquito bites don’t leave without a bit of swelling and a burning sensation. Things get worse when these bitten areas turn into a viable path for infectious diseases. Applying heat on the area brings down swelling and numbs the pain. If pus-forms or if you’re having an allergic reaction, paired with high temperature, please consult UR doctor immediately. Think before preferring coils and mosquito repellents Mosquito coils have been in use in most countries of South Asia, Africa and South America. They are generally considered an excellent way to get rid of the insect. Some studies have suggested that coils harmful chemicals and can affect humans when used in closed spaces, same is the case with mosquito repellents. Side effects such as eye irritation, headaches and frequent allergic rhinitis are reported in children and babies. As far as the adults are concerned, the DEET (diethyltoluamide, mosquito repellent) present in the repellents is safe only when used according to the instructions. Unknown facts about mosquitoes • People with fair skin tend to have a stronger reaction to a mosquito bite. The histamine released by our bodies in response to mosquito saliva tends to be stronger in individuals with lighter skin • The Greek name for mosquito is Anopheles, which means ‘Good for nothing’ • Mosquitoes bite people with ‘O’ type blood groups nearly twice as often as those with other blood groups. • Mosquito repellents work by hiding you. They block mosquito sensors, so they don’t know you are there. • Only female mosquito feast on human blood before laying eggs • Mosquitoes are attracted to the carbon dioxide found in human breath and sweat. They are equipped to sense the heat and humidity that surrounds our bodies. The life cycle of a mosquito The mosquito experiences four particular phases of its life cycle. Egg, Larva, Pupa, and Adult. Every stage can be recognized by its appearance. Eggs are laid on the inner, wet walls of containers with water, over the waterline. Mosquitoes usually lay 100 eggs at a time. The eggs are exceptionally solid; adhere to the walls of a container like glue and can survive severe conditions for up to 8 months. It takes a minimal quantity of water. Bowls, cups, tires, barrels, jars and any vessel storing water makes for an extraordinary “nursery.” Larva rises out of mosquito eggs, only after the water level ascents to cover the eggs. This implies that rainwater or people adding water to containers with eggs will trigger the larvae to develop. Generally, eggs hatch into larvae within 48 hrs. After shedding subsequently 3 times, the larva changes into a pupa. The pupa is a resting stage and the time where it develops into an adult. After development, the pupal skin splits, and the adult flying mosquito emerges. Adult mosquitoes rest on the water surface for a few minutes to harden all its body parts. Female mosquitoes need to feed on humans and animals for blood to produce eggs. After mating, female mosquitoes will look after water sources to lay more eggs. It takes approximately 8-10 days for the entire life cycle, from an egg to death. Considering quarantine, limited movement and budget here is what you can do to prevent mosquitoes at home • Unclogging the rooftop • Emptying any children's pools • Changing the water in any water basins week after week • Ensuring rain water isn't collecting in waste can tops • Put away boxes or unused containers. Store them upside down I recently met Mr.Patrick Firmenich, Chairman of the world’s largest privately owned perfume and taste company, Firmenich. He told us how they were working with The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to fight mosquito borne diseases. Malaria is a disease that could be eradicated completely. If I understood right, they were working on releasing a scent into the world that could stop mosquitoes from smelling and getting attracted to human beings. If mosquitoes couldn’t smell or recognize us, the chance of them biting could be very minimal. These organizations are striving to develop data-based, scientific tools to deal with the world wide mosquito outbreak. . Till date, an estimated amount of US$2.9 billion, grants were spent to eradicate malaria around the globe.
The world of Mosquitoes To an extent, there has been a rise in mosquitoes around us in the last couple…
Things you should know about UR family doctor
Things you should know about UR family doctor Has he/she renewed their medical license This is very important for every doctor to follow. Sometimes a personal relationship can come in between questioning an important aspect. For the sake of UR loved ones and you, please make sure UR family doctor has a valid license. Addressing this reassures UR trust in your doctor as well. Are they well-versed with new medical practices? It doesn't matter since when you know UR family doctor. It's crucial that UR family doctor is updated with the latest treatments and medical practices. If you find it sensitive to shift, try doing an online consult and get another opinion. It’s so important for people in the medical profession to stay up to date with the latest advancements in medicine & technology. Are they aware of UR family's health history? During times of Emergency knowing yours and UR family’s history can be extremely beneficial. Being aware of UR allergies, medical history, family history, habits, lifestyle and environment play a huge role in times of emergency. Updating UR doctor with UR yearly family health check reports can be a huge leap towards taking responsibility for UR health. Are they available and accessible when you need them? It’s important that UR family doctor makes you a priority and is available when you need them. If they are too busy, it’s worth a change. Comfort is built through availability and accessibility. Remember they need you as much as you need them. Do they have tie-ups with teaching institutes, multi-speciality hospitals and other experts? This can be a deal-breaker because every individual should get the right medical treatment they deserve. UR family doctor should work with a set of experts to gain knowledge as well as a second opinion. Associations with multi-speciality hospitals or educational institutions help gain knowledge as well as access to a trusted network of experts at the time of need. I’m not saying this just because of Apollo, but I know how group practice works and how important it is for the doctor and patients to get a second opinion. UR safety is way more important than the doctor’s ego.
Things you should know about UR family doctor Has he/she renewed their medical license This is very important for every…