Expert advice Heal
The ABC Of Hypertension

Dr. Ravi Kshirsagar

MD (USA) PGDDE (UK) Consultant Physician and Diabetologist.

3 min read

Hypertension or High blood pressure occurs when UR blood pressure increases to unhealthy levels. UR blood pressure reading takes into account how much blood is passing through UR blood vessels and the measure of resistance that blood meets while pumping the heart.
Hypertension develops for quite a long while. Initially, you don’t notice any symptoms. But even without symptoms, high blood pressure causes damage to UR blood vessels and organs, especially the brain, heart, eyes, and kidneys. Early detection is essential.

Signs of Hypertension

  • Shortness of breath
  • Nosebleeds
  • Visual changes
  • Dizziness
  • Headaches
  • Chest pain
  • Blood in the urine
  • Flushing
What causes high blood pressure?

What causes high blood pressure?

There are two types of hypertension.

Primary hypertension

Primary hypertension is also called essential hypertension.
Genes: Some individuals are genetically inclined to hypertension. This might be from gene mutations or genetic abnormalities inherited from UR parents.
Physical changes: If something in UR body transforms, you may begin experiencing issues all through UR body. Hypertension might be one of those issues. For instance, it’s thought that changes in your kidney function due to ageing may upset the body’s balance of salts and fluid. This change may cause UR body’s blood pressure to increase.
Environment: Over time, unfortunately, lifestyle choices like lack of physical activity and poor diet can take their toll on UR body. Lifestyle choices can lead to weight problems. Being overweight or obese can increase UR risk of hypertension.

Secondary hypertension

Secondary hypertension usually occurs quickly and can become more severe than primary hypertension. This includes:

  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Adrenal gland problems
  • Congenital heart defects
  • Kidney disease
  • Use of illegal drugs
  • Side effects of medications
  • Problems with UR thyroid
  • Alcohol abuse or chronic use


Diagnosing hypertension is simple as it depends on taking a blood pressure reading. Most doctors’ workplaces check blood pressure as part of a routine visit. If you don’t get a blood pressure reading at UR next appointment, request one.
If UR blood pressure remains high, UR doctor will likely conduct more tests to rule out underlying conditions. These tests can include:

  • Ultrasound of your heart or kidneys
  • Cholesterol screening and other blood tests
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG)
  • Urine test

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Home remedies for hypertension

Healthy lifestyle changes will help you control the risk factors that cause hypertension. Here are some of the common home remedies.

  • Increasing physical activity
  • Developing a healthy diet
  • Managing stress
  • A healthy weight
  • Adopting a clean lifestyle
High blood pressure during pregnancy

High blood pressure during pregnancy

Women with hypertension may deliver healthy babies despite having the condition. But it can be hazardous to both mother and baby if it’s not monitored and managed during the pregnancy. Women with high blood pressure are bound to develop complications. For example, pregnant women with hypertension may encounter decreased kidney function. Babies born to mothers who have hypertension may have a low birth weight or conceived prematurely.


In a few cases, pregnant women with hypertension can develop pre-eclampsia during their pregnancy. This condition of increased blood pressure which causes kidney and other organ complications. This condition results in high protein levels in the urine, problems with liver function, fluid in the lungs, or visual problems.

Monitor UR blood pressure regularly

Monitor UR blood pressure regularly

The best way to avoid complications and problems is to analyze hypertension early. You can go to UR doctor’s office for a blood pressure reading, or you can purchase a blood pressure cuff and take periodical readings at home. Keep a log of UR blood pressure readings and take it to UR regular doctor appointments. This can help UR doctor see any possible problems before the condition advances.