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PCOD – A Battle

Rooma Sinha

Senior Consultant Gynecologist, Laproscopic & Robotic Surgeon, Apollo Health City, Hyderabad

3 min read

Affecting almost seven per cent women, Polycystic Ovary Disease (PCOD) or Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is the most frequent endocrine abnormality. Although the exact cause of this syndrome is unknown, some experts believe that it is a bunch of medical ailments put together and can be traced back towards a common etiopathology.

It usually starts with some lifestyle issues, which then cause a disturbance in insulin resistance and an imbalance of hormones. PCOD might also lead to stimulation of the thecal cells in the ovaries which then produces hormones in an unusual way which in turn makes a woman get certain androgenic (male) features due to higher levels of androgen (male hormones).

The male features include excessive hair on the face, hair fall from the scalp, acne along the jawline, increased body hair and coarser and thicker hair. This disorder may also make it difficult for a woman to lose weight.

Early Signs
  • Irregular periods
  • Red, painful acne on the jawline
  • Increased hair fall
  • Unable to lose/gain weight
  • Physical Changes
  • Weight gain
  • Skin gets darker; especially the underarms, the groin area, all-around the neck, the face and around the nose
  • Dandruff-like infection around the nose and eyes
  • Insulin resistance, which is a part of PCOS
  • Acanthosis nigricans
  • Small skin growths especially on the neck and face

Wellness advice from qualified experts

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What Can Help
  • Make sure the acne is under control. Consult a doctor for medication to reduce androgen, which causes issues like acne and hair fall
  • Some lifestyle modifications and exercising regularly can go a long way
  • Completely cut down the consumption of sugar and dairy products
  • Lead a stress-free life
  • Ensure good sleeping habits
  • Make sure you have your vitamins and antioxidants
  • Calm down and take it easy
How To Make Your Hair And Skin Healthy
  • Maintain a healthy diet
  • Try to replace missing nutrients
  • Be aware of specific food cravings
Dietary Restrictions
  • Processed foods
  • Sugary foods
  • Dairy products
  • Foods with a high glycemic index

What Happens When You Have PCOD?
Treatments for PCOD

There is no cure for PCOD. But you can manage the symptoms that affect an individual. Polycystic Ovary Disease (PCOD) exhibits a variety of symptoms due to which your health care providers may consider different treatment options for treating this condition and its symptoms.

The treatment options suggested by your healthcare provider depending on:

  • Your symptoms
  • Other health concerns
  • Looking to start a family

Understand your treatment options at their fullest before deciding on a course of treatment along with their effects on pregnancy. Don’t hesitate to discuss the risks involved in the procedures with your Doctor. All surgeries include threats, and some can be complicated too. There is no clear cause for PCOD. However, early detection or diagnosis of PCOD will be constructive in relieving the symptoms as well as to reduce the complications involved.

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PCOD treatment helps you to manage your concerns, including infertility, hirsutism, acne or obesity. However, specific treatment might involve lifestyle changes or medication.

Preventive Measures
  • Maintain a good lifestyle
  • Eat healthy (include dark leafy vegetables)
  • Sleep well
  • Do some stress-busting exercises

Though PCOD cannot be cured completely, the symptoms can be reduced and kept under control.