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Precautions & Supplements for Pregnant Women During COVID-19

Dr Sumana Manohar

MBBS, MRCOG(LONDON), FRCOG(LONDON)

5 min read


As we all know, coronavirus spreads through airborne respiratory droplets when a person who has COVID-19 coughs or sneezes. It may also be contracted when someone touches a surface infected by a person who has the virus. Pregnancy, in general, is a time for extra care. Therefore, these situations impose additional stress on pregnant women as they have to protect themselves and their unborn child. The only solution to protect yourself and UR baby in the right way is by taking more precautions than expected during this crisis time.

Follow the steps of prevention

Be aware to avoid crowds. Pregnant women should avoid running errands to prevent the infection from occurring. If you have to venture out for some reason, use a mask that covers UR face correctly. Also, other than touching the strap to wear it and remove it, don’t touch the mask at all. When interacting with people, ensure you maintain a distance of at least one meter.

Ensure the necessary precautions

You need to wash UR hands thoroughly with soap for at least 20 seconds. Additionally, always carry UR sanitizer if you are planning to step out of the house.

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Opt for regular online check-ups

Regular check-ups during pregnancy are essential for your health and for UR baby’s health too.
To minimize any potential danger, you must have UR check-ups periodically. But as much as possible, try to consult UR doctor online. Meet UR doctor only when physical tests are mandatory and when you have an ultrasound scheduled. Many hospitals are already minimizing in-person appointments. So, as a part of social distancing, cut UR routine checks to online consultations. However, remember that it is vital to inform UR doctor immediately if any health concerns arise.

Don’t touch UR face repeatedly

If you have a habit of touching UR mouth, eyes, nose and ears repeatedly, get rid of it immediately! Keep UR hands clean at all times wash it with water or use sanitizer before touching UR face.


Brain development of the fetus depends on vitamins such as vitamin B6, vitamin B12, folate and DHA, which is a fatty acid.


Get enough snooze time

Research shows that there is a direct link between enhanced immunity and good sleep. When you have good immunity, UR body is better equipped to fight off diseases. Rest is not only essential for you to stay energized mentally and physically, but also vital for the baby growing inside you. So, make sure U R getting adequate sleep and don’t compromise on UR sleep time!

The Importance of a balanced diet

The efficacy of the immune system dips during pregnancy, putting pregnant women at a higher risk for many infectious diseases, whether foodborne or respiratory. Thus, expectant mothers need to have a nutritious diet. UR baby will also get the required nutrients from what you eat. A balanced diet and proper nutrition that includes all the vitamins should be UR priority during pregnancy. Contact UR nutritionist for a custom-made diet as it is essential for UR body’s ability to fight diseases. So, without further delay, get a diet chart from UR nutritionist to boost UR overall health!

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Essential foods to include in your diet

Though you can eat non-vegetarian foods, don’t forget to cook these foods thoroughly. Also, foods that are high in antioxidants are said to be good to boost immunity. Some of these nutrients include vitamin E, A, C, zinc, protein, omega fatty acids, iron and selenium. Here’s a list of the foods that contain these nutrients:

  • Green leafy veggies like spinach, amaranth leaves etc.
  • Millets like ragi, jowar, bajra etc.
  • Nuts and seeds like flaxseeds, chia seeds, pumpkin seeds, almonds, walnuts and so on.
  • Foods rich in vitamin C like oranges, melon, lemons etc.
  • Legumes and pulses like rajma, green gram, Bengal gram etc.
  • Dairy products like paneer, curd, cheese etc.
  • Chicken, egg, fish and some other meats.
  • Fruits and veggies like papaya, mango, papaya etc.
  • Herbs and spices like ginger, garlic, cloves, pepper etc.
  • Omega 3 & 6 fatty acids found in sunflower oil, soyabean oil, peanut oil, avocados and some animal products.
Get these key vitamins

Brain development of the fetus depends on vitamins such as vitamin B6, vitamin B12, folate and DHA, which is a fatty acid. As there are physiological and psychological changes during pregnancy there are alterations in appetite, moods, and energy levels and sleep patterns too. Therefore, it is advisable for pregnant women to include all of these foods in their diet.

Omega 3 fatty acids can be found in foods such as fish, walnuts, flaxseeds and so on. Spinach, beetroot, rajma and mustard leaves are rich in folic acid. You can get vitamin B12 from salmon, eggs, chicken and milk and vitamin B6 from black gram, sunflower seeds, bananas, French beans and sunflower seeds.

Nutritional recommendations
  • Eat at least three meals, with one nutritious snack (in the first trimester) and two healthy snacks in the second and third trimester.
  • Each meal must comprise one item from energy-giving foods (cereals, fats and sugar), bodybuilding (pulses and legumes, nuts, milk and milk products, eggs, meat, fish and vegetables and fruits.
  • Have a daily dose of micronutrient supplements like calcium and iron.
  • If UR reports suggest low/high gestational weight gain and severe anemia, seek proper medical advice during the antenatal visit.
  • Stay hydrated (drink at least 8-10 glasses of water or fluids per day).
  • Take rest as suggested by UR doctor.
  • Keep in mind that physical activity is vital, so don’t bail on it.
  • Restrict UR intake of caffeine, alcohol, tobacco, and other addictive substances. They are harmful to the baby and also negatively influence immunity.