What is a brain tumour?
A tumour, in general, is a collection of abnormal cells in your any part of the body. Brain tumours are located inside the skull. The skull encloses the brain, which is very rigid! Any abnormal growth inside this restricted space can cause problems. Brain tumours can be cancerous (malignant) or noncancerous (benign). When benign or malignant tumours grow, they increase the pressure inside your skull. This additional pressure can cause brain damage and can be life-threatening.
Brain tumours are categorized as primary or secondary. A primary brain tumour originates in your brain. Many primary brain tumours are benign. Metastatic brain tumour, also known as a secondary brain tumour occurs when the cancer cells spread to the brain from a different organ of the body.
Types of brain tumours
Primary brain tumours originate in your brain. They can develop from your:
• brain cells
• membranes surrounding your brain, which is called meninges
• nerve cells
Primary tumours can either be benign or cancerous. Gliomas and meningiomas are common types of brain tumours in adults.
Gliomas are tumours that develop from glial cells. These cells normally:
• provide nutrition to your central nervous system
• supports the structure of the central nervous system
• break down dead neurons
• clean cellular waste
Gliomas tumours can develop from different types of glial cells.
Other primary brain tumours
Other primary brain tumours include:
• Pituitary tumours, which are usually benign
• Pineal gland tumours, which can be benign or malignant
• Ependymomas are generally benign
• Craniopharyngiomas occur mostly in children and could be benign, but these can change clinical symptoms like in vision or premature puberty
• Primary central nervous system (CNS) lymphomas that are malignant
• Primary germ cell tumours of the brain can be benign or malignant
• Meningiomas originate in the meninges
• Schwannomas arise in cells that produce the protective cover of your nerves (myelin sheath) called Schwann cells
Risk factors for brain tumours
About 5 to 10 per cent of all cancers are genetically inherited, or hereditary. It’s rare for a brain tumour to be inherited genetically. Seek a specialist doctor if several people in your family have been diagnosed with a brain tumour. Your doctor might recommend a genetic counsellor in that case.
With age, the risk toward most types of brain tumours increases as well.
Brain tumours, in general, are the most common in Caucasians. However, African-Americans are also more likely to find meningiomas.
Being exposed to certain chemicals, even those that you find at your work environment can increase the risk for brain cancer.
Exposure to radiation
People exposed to ionizing radiation have an increased risk of brain tumours. Ionizing radiation can occur through high-radiation cancer therapies. Radiation from nuclear fallout has similar effects. In the past, the nuclear power plant incidents in Fukushima and Chernobyl gives testament to how people can be exposed to ionizing radiation.
What are the symptoms of a brain tumour?
Symptoms of brain tumours depend on the location and size of the tumour. Some tumours cause direct damage by invading brain tissue, and some tumours cause pressure on the surrounding brain. You’ll have noticeable symptoms when a growing tumour creates pressure on the brain tissue.
Headache is the tell-tale sign of a brain tumour. You may experience headaches that:
• occur while you’re sleeping
• are worse in the morning after waking up
• are worse while coughing, sneezing, or exercising
You may also experience:
• Blurred vision or double vision
• Weakness in a part of the face or limb
• Seizures (especially in adults)
• A change in mental functioning
Symptoms of pituitary tumours
The following symptoms can occur with pituitary tumours:
• Nipple discharge, or galactorrhea
• Development of breast tissue in men
• Lack of menstruation in women
• Enlargement of the hands and feet
• increased amounts of body hair, or hirsutism
• Sensitivity to heat or cold
• Low blood pressure
• Blurry vision or tunnel vision
How are brain tumours diagnosed?
The diagnosis starts with a physical exam and a look at your medical history. They conclude the following,
• muscle strength
• logical ability
The doctor may order more tests after they finish the physical exam.
These could include:
CT scan of the head
MRI of the head
Treatment of brain tumours
The treatment of a brain tumour depends on:
• the type of tumour
• the size of the tumour
• the location of the tumour
• your general health
The most common treatment for malignant brain tumours is surgery. The primary goal is to remove as many cancer cells as possible without causing damage or complications to the healthy parts of the brain. Sometimes, the location of some tumours allows for easy and safe removal. Other tumours may be located in an area that limits how much of the tumour can be removed. It is seen that even the partial removal of brain cancer cells can be beneficial.
The risks associated with brain surgery include infection and bleeding. Clinically dangerous benign tumours are also surgically removed. Metastatic brain tumours are treated according to the cancer present in the body. If surgery is suggested, it is most likely to be combined with other treatments, like chemotherapy and radiation therapy. After neurosurgery, physical therapy, speech therapy and occupational therapy help you to recover.
Treatment Of Brain Tumours
- Type of tumour
- Size of the tumour
- Location of the tumour
- UR general health
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Understanding Alzheimer’s Disease
Understanding Alzheimer's Disease Alzheimer's disease affects memory, thinking and behaviour of a person. It is a type of dementia. Though the symptoms develop at a gradual pace worsening over time, it can slowly develop into a severe problem that interferes with doing your daily tasks. According to the India Ageing Report 2017, more than four million cases of Alzheimer's are reported per year in India. So saying, Alzheimer's isn't a normal part of ageing, as one may confuse it with being. Also, owing to the nature of the disease and its effect on mankind at large, a definitive solution to combat this disease is the need of the hour. The human mind is a fascinating amalgamation of ideas, emotions and functions that empower our body and lives, creating a variety of experiences. It holds the collective sum of whatever we do, building our choices to improve our past, present and future. Hence, it is essential to keep our mind in top shape. However, due to the hustle and bustle of daily life, combined with undue stress, our mind tends to get neglected. Early Symptoms The symptoms can be varied, yet studies have provided a ray of hope in its proper detection and diagnosis the initial signs of Alzheimer's may be depression and irritability. Also, the symptoms occur in three stages with inter-related characteristics that meld into each other. Irritability, depression and night time behaviour changes are said to develop first. Anxiety, appetite changes, agitation and apathy, follow at a successive pace. The third stage has a variety of mixed symptoms elation, mobility disorders, hallucinations, delusions and impulsive, inappropriate behaviour. Causes Along with a host of health-related complications, mental deterioration is something that often takes place. Yet, as mentioned before, Alzheimer's has more to do with the mind than ageing. The cause lies in the gradual degeneration and death of brain cells. The brain connections are lost on the process. Due to this, the critical mental functions and memory is destroyed. For a person suffering from Alzheimer's, the tissue has negligible nerve cell connections, making it impossible to function and retain things. Diagnosis While prevention is better than cure, we need to talk about the appropriate diagnosis and treatment for the same. Certified tests should be involved to diagnose the stage the deterioration has reached. So here's what can help doctors reach a conclusion: • Consulting immediate family to note change of behaviour. • Conducting tests of memory, problem-solving, attention, counting and language. • Brain scans like computed tomography (CT), positron emission tomography (PeT), or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) helps in eliminating other causes that trigger the symptoms this needs to be repeated time after time. Coping With Alzheimer's Alzheimer's is a disease that affects the life of the patient, as well as his/her family and caregivers. Keep the following tips in mind as they help in healing and caregiving. • Try to keep things simple, focusing on a single question or activity. • Establish a daily routine to instil faith and semblance. • Create a safe space for the patient to thrive and build a connection. • Shift the focus from words to feeling or intention. • Keep agitation to a minimum level, to keep the energy flow in controlled levels. • Maintain a peaceful and calm demeanour, putting negativity aside. • Enlist the power of humour whenever you can. • Try using music, singing or dancing to empower the person.
Top 5 Interventions For Managing Asthma
Asthma is known to be a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In which, there is an obstruction to the constant airflow into the lungs. This obstruction causes symptoms like coughing, dyspnea and wheezing is observed prominently. These symptoms worsen if patients with asthma are exposed to a substance they are sensitive to or put in situations that challenge their regular breathing pattern. Here are five ways you could manage the trouble. Self-Assessment For patients suffering from asthma, both oral and written advice is helpful. It guides them to recognize the symptoms and signs of asthma and helps in managing it if it is worsening. Through education, anyone can help the patient to gain their confidence and contain asthma. Stepwise Progressive Management In a study conducted by GOAL, it is observed that there is a possibility of attaining total control of asthma. The key to it is utilizing various therapy combinations. The study shows progress by extending the combination therapy for at least three months. It suppresses uncontrolled asthma symptoms. The advantage of combination therapy extends in the ability to control asthma with low corticosteroid doses while minimizing the number of inhalers. SMART (Single Maintenance And Reliever Therapy) The potential benefit of SMART strategy in the fact that the patient will parallelly receive added doses of inhaled corticosteroids along with a bronchodilator. These doses, when used with a combined inhaler for relief from a symptom. The medication will target anti-inflammatory cells to treat periods of defectively controlled asthma. Airway Inflammation Assessment To control airway inflammation, the method of non-invasive biomarkers has administered an alternative way to patient-driven symptom management for the evaluation of asthma. With this non-invasive airway sampling technique, patients with refractory asthma and chronic cough can be managed. Airway inflammation can be assessed too. Other Novel Therapeutic Options The options include thermal bronchoplasty, tumour necrosis factor-alpha, antifungal agents or IL-5 and monoclonal antibodies targeting IgE. Yet, due to their invasive nature, there are adverse side effects and is not cost-effective. The treatments play a limited role in the management of patients with asthma and usually followed in patients with difficulty related to asthma.
How Emotions Affect UR Immunity
Our mind and body are eternally interlinked. Ailments of the body can manifest as psychological problems. Likewise, matters of mind like stress and anxiety can affect the functioning of the body and its responses, including immunity. Emotion is derived from the Latin term 'emovere', which means to stir up, to agitate and to excite. Emotions can be broadly grouped into two categories - positive and negative. Extroverts tend to be more socially active and are better at expressing their feelings. On the other hand, introverts tend to be withdrawn; hence, they conceal their emotions. People with good emotional health are aware of their feelings, thoughts, and behaviours. They have learned to cope with the stress and problems in a healthy way. It is well established that denial or suppression of emotions is not an effective strategy to deal with emotions. Infact it makes it worse. It is therefore essential that we acknowledge our feelings, reflect on its nature, and if unhelpful then put them aside as much as possible. The Covid-19 pandemic has unleashed an epidemic of emotional reactions such as fear, anxiety, sadness and stress. While many will experience transient anxiety, some will be pushed over the cusp, wherein their unremitting concern will turn into an ailment, or medical condition called anxiety disorder. Impact of emotional problems on health During emotional crisis one may ignore self-care, eat unhealthy diet, avoid activities or exercise. They may resort to maladaptive coping with alcohol, tobacco or tranquilising medicine (sleeping/calming pills). This has a negative bearing on general health. And when stress or stressors persist over a prolonged period, our 'fight or flight response' remains activated and that's not good for our health as it releases excessive stress hormones, and can wear us down physically and psychologically. Well established consequences of prolonged or recurring stress include high blood pressure, heart disease, stomach ulcer, as well as psychological problems like anxiety, depression and addiction. Unremitting stress can also over-activate the immune system - worsen arthritis and psoriasis, acne and even trigger asthma attacks. Besides, it can make you vulnerable to infections and allergies. There is evidence that an effectively managed stress and emotions can have a positive impact on the nervous and immune system. For instance, relaxation activities such as massage, humour, listening to music, reading can have a benefit on overall health and reduces stress hormones in the body. Express UR feelings in an appropriate way If feelings of sadness, stress, or anxiety are causing problems, keeping these feelings inside can make you feel worse. They say "a problem shared is a problem halved", which means when in difficulty it is useful to talk to someone about it. In doing so, you share the burden, move onto solutions and in the process, learn about yourself. It's is essential to deal with negative feelings, but also focus on the positive things in UR life. It will help if you also find ways to let go of things in UR life that are unhelpful while making time for things you enjoy. So, it's okay to let UR loved ones know when something is bothering you. Moreover, keep in mind that UR family and friends may not always be able to help you deal with your feelings appropriately. At these times, try asking someone outside the situation for help. A professional can provide independent, timely and objective advise/support that might help you bounce back as well as improve your emotional health. Other strategies for a balanced life • Even in difficulties, make an effort to resume and maintain a healthy and active routine with balanced diet and exercise (30 - 45 mins of moderate-intensity for 4-5 days per week) • To manage our reactions, we need to acknowledge, understand and accept our emotions. In doing so, we shall cope better and come out of this crisis being more resourceful, rejuvenated and rested. Meditation is an effective and time tested strategy to bring about emotional awareness and mind-body harmony. • Take care of UR body by having enough sleep - ideally 7-8 hours per night. Sleep is essential for rest and recovery from day to day assaults on our body and mind. • Avoid abuse of alcohol or drugs as they can worsen UR health, UR anxiety and relationship problems. • Remember, to be grateful for what you have, think positive, curb negative thoughts where possible, smile more often, and do things to keep yourself positive and happy. • A consistently balanced life is a healthier life. Developing resilience Resilience is the ability to face stress and challenges and to bounce back and recover. To develop resilience, one ought to take up and face challenges and reflect on the difficulties while finding solutions. In doing so, one learns to improvise and move from problems to a solution orientation. Other methods include mobilising social support, keeping a positive view of yourself, accepting change, and keeping things in perspective. An emotionally stable person is thus at a much better position to develop resilience. Emotional awareness is not just crucial for a peaceful, calm and healthy life and healthy relationships, but it also has a positive impact on UR immunity. As a lack of it can contribute to building up of stress, which compromises immunity and makes one susceptible to infection and other ailments. Dr Roshan Jain, 16 May 2020
COVID-19 Everything You Need To Know
The coronavirus pandemic has hit the world hard, but this is not the first time that it has happened. In the past there have been two other mutated coronaviruses that have caused epidemics. One was the SARS which was in 2002 and the other was the MARS, which was in 2012. To give you a comparison, the SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) caused by a novel coronavirus in 2002 had a mortality rate of 10%. The MERS, which is the Middle Eastern respiratory syndrome that came out in 2012, had a mortality rate of 35%. The current SARS 2 Coronavirus which causes COVID-19 has mortality in the region of about 2 to 3% probably more likely 1.5 to 2.5%. To give an idea, when we say infectiousness, we use the terminology called RO whereby we refer to what are the chances of an infected person transmitting to others and the chances of one infected person with COVID-19 can be transmitted to about 1.5 to 2.5 people. Here the incubation period can be as long as 14 days. Also, in flu the person has fever, body pain and cough which is also quite often seen with COVID-19, but in flu a lot of people have up respiratory symptoms in the form of cold, blocked nose, running nose which is less often seen with COVID-19. COVID-19 and flu are very similar in terms of how they are acquired which is through respiratory droplets and touching in animate surfaces which are contaminated by a person’s coughing and sneezing and then taking our hand near the mouth or face. The symptoms are similar. The mortality is probably a little higher. Home quarantine is advised in two situations One if you have come from a country where there is local transmission of this infection like in China, Iran, Italy, Germany, France or probably some other countries in near future which may report any cases. If you have come from any of these countries, and even if you don’t have symptoms of cough or fever, it is advised you stay in home quarantine for the next 14 days. By home quarantine I mean that you need to stay in a separate room, which is well ventilated with the doors closed. The person should not entertain any visitors and even the family should be at least 1 to 2 meters away from this person at all times. The person should not leave the house, should not go anywhere for any social gatherings, to school or even to social functions. Which means he should be entirely at home isolated. At present there are lot of people who either have come back from the country where it is prevalent but don’t have symptoms or there are some people who have symptoms, but no exposure to and proven individual with COVID or exposure to any countries where COVID has occurred. Now as I told you, the tests are done only in government centres and Public Health machinery decides who needs to be tested and the test is currently reserved only if you have come from abroad and asymptomatic or you are symptomatic with exposure to approve and COVID-19 case in India. There is a lot of wishful thinking that heat will kill the virus and it will cease to spread once summer sets in. Now, I am not very confident about this. The virus survives very well at the body temperature of 37 degrees. So in hot temperature if it falls on in-animate object, it will dry very fast. It means that transferring from one person to another through a medium will be less likely. But having said that we need to realise that most of the transmission happens indoors where inevitably the temperatures are much lower and there is air conditioning. Moving on, flu vaccine is only protective against circulating strain of flu. Because the flu vaccine virus is also very mutable virus or keeps changing every year depending on the circulating strain of the flu virus you need to take your vaccine is a booster every year to prevent yourself from getting flu. This has no connection whatsoever the SARS virus and this will not help protect you against COVID-19. SARS 2A COVID-19 is a self-limited condition. Incubation period is the time from the onset of exposure to the occurrence of the disease. It is in the median of 45 days, but can vary anywhere from 2 to 14 days. A person shows symptoms of cough, body pain and fever. Almost 80% of infections are mild and do not even want hospitalization. Another 15% may require hospitalization for oxygen and other supportive measures. 5% of people, which is one in 20 may end up in the ICU requiring ventilator support, out of which about 2 people may die. Those who die are typically elderly people over the age of 60 people with other co morbidities like diabetes, heart disease lung disease or kidney disease. It has been shown that the mortality can be as high as 15% in people over the age of 80. So, at present if you develop symptoms, we advise you home quarantine. If there is local transmission proven for example in India we start getting people who have never travelled, who have never been exposed to a proven case of COVID-19 being tested and proven that they could have this COVID-19 yes, it means we have to be careful. The general advice we give for everybody is avoid all non-essential travel, avoid all crowds, please do not wear a mask outside if you are public without any symptoms if you have symptoms wear a mask and stay indoors self-quarantine which means if you have some symptoms of cough or fever even if you are not sure it is COVID-19. All of us need to be safe. We need to ensure that we take personal responsibility for this which means that if you the symptoms of cough or fever irrespective of what it could be please avoid going to work please, avoid sending your children who may be having fever or cough to school to protect others. So civic sense and personal responsibilities are paramount at this point. If it means social isolation yes all of us need to stay indoors so that we don’t spread the virus and transmit it indiscriminately to others. Especially, old people who may not fare well during the current conditions.
Why Is My Period Late?
A late or missed period may occur for many reasons other than pregnancy. Natural causes can run from lopsided hormonal characteristics to genuine ailments. Similarly, there may be multiple times in a woman's life when it is typical for her periods to be sporadic: when they initially start and when menopause begins. As your body experiences the change, your cycle can end up unpredictable. A woman's menstrual cycle is generally around 28 days. However, this duration can also range from 21-35 days. If you do not get your periods within this period, it could be due to one of the following reasons. Stress. Women with dietary issues like anorexia nervosa or bulimia may miss their periods. Your body capacities and ovulation can be changed even if you weigh 10 percent beneath what is viewed as a healthy range. An increase in your weight can restore your menstrual cycle. Additionally, women who take an interest in outdoor exercises like long-distance races may miss their periods too. Polycystic Ovary Disorder (PCOS) PCOS is a condition that makes your body produce a higher amount of androgen, the male hormone. Blisters structure on the ovaries due to this hormonal imbalance which can make ovulation sporadic or stop it altogether. Insulin too can escape balance. This is because of insulin obstruction, which is related to PCOS. Your doctor may recommend conception prevention or other prescription to help regulate your cycle. Contraception. When you go on or off contraception, your period cycle also changes. This is due to the hormone estrogen and progestin in anti-conception medication pills that prevent your ovaries from discharging eggs. It can take as long as half a year for your cycle to regularise again in the wake of ceasing the pill. Different types of contraceptives that are embedded or infused with these hormones can cause missed periods too. When Pregnancy Is Not The Reason. Serious Ailments. Ailments such as diabetes and celiac infection can further influence your menstrual cycle. Changes in glucose are connected to hormonal changes, so even though it is uncommon, ineffectively controlled diabetes could make your period unpredictable. The celiac illness causes irritation that can harm your small intestines, which may keep your body from absorbing essential nutrients leading to late or missed periods. Early Perimenopause. Most women hit menopause between age 45 and 55. Some women who begin to show side effects around age 40 or before are considered to have early perimenopause. It implies that their egg supply is slowing down. Thyroid Issues. An overactive or underactive thyroid gland could also be the reason for late or missed periods. The thyroid gland controls your body's digestion so that hormone levels can be influenced too. However, thyroid issues can be treated with medication, and your period will probably come back to normal after the treatment.
Blood Donation: Should U Do It?
Blood Donation Blood donation is a noble cause and also one of the best ways to know UR body well. Some medical professionals state that donating blood regularly can have a positive impact on health. Donating blood doesn’t necessarily need a reason. It’s more about the vast difference you make in people’s lives. So, knowing what to expect before and after blood donation, can help you prepare for the process. Importance Of Blood Donation Blood donation aims as a voluntary practice that helps those in need of blood transfusion due to an illness or accident. Massive loss of blood can cause an unfortunate death if the requirement isn’t fulfilled immediately. While saving a life is the most highlighted part of donating blood, what makes it essential is the advantages it has on donor’s health. On average, a person can donate up to 4 – 5 litres of blood, after every third month for men and every four months for women. Advantages Of Blood Donation Prevents hemochromatosis Maintains healthy heart & liver Weight loss Anti-cancer Reveals potential health problems Reduces harmful iron stores Stimulates blood cell production Who Can Give Blood? Everyone can give blood if their health condition is excellent. Before you decide to donate blood, these are a few essential things you must keep in mind: Age Weight Health Pregnancy Breastfeeding Your age should be between 18- 65 with at least 50 kgs of weight and not less than that. Health is an essential factor because it is risky to donate blood. Especially if you have an infection or have a chronic ailment such as diabetes if you have recently got a tattoo you can’t donate blood for at least a year. In case of dental procedures, your eligibility for donating blood will depend on how long the process was and how long has it been since you underwent it. If you visited the dentist for a minor procedure, you should wait 24 hours before donating. It is not good idea to donate blood while breastfeeding. Have regular blood pressure and temperature before blood donation. Mandatory Tests & Medical Evaluation Before donating blood, you must undergo a physical examination, to check for any other signs of illnesses or conditions. All donated blood will be screened for blood-borne diseases such as hepatitis, syphilis and HIV. Vital signs–The temperature, blood pressure and pulse of a donor are checked before donating blood. Individuals with high BP, fever, high or low heart rate and who have an irregular heartbeat are temporarily not permitted to donate blood. Blood test – A small blood sample is taken from a finger stick and tested, to check for the number of red cells or the haemoglobin level in the blood. This is done to ensure that the donor is not anaemic, or most likely to become anaemic after they donate. Individuals with low haemoglobin are temporarily not permitted to donate. Many of us think that donating blood is harmful for health, but it has many advantages. Apart from just being noble for the society, blood donation justifies the saying “charity begins at home.” You’re only doing good to yourself by donating blood. So, don’t hesitate to donate blood.
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Things you should know about UR family doctor
Things you should know about UR family doctor Has he/she renewed their medical license This is very important for every doctor to follow. Sometimes a personal relationship can come in between questioning an important aspect. For the sake of UR loved ones and you, please make sure UR family doctor has a valid license. Addressing this reassures UR trust in your doctor as well. Are they well-versed with new medical practices? It doesn't matter since when you know UR family doctor. It's crucial that UR family doctor is updated with the latest treatments and medical practices. If you find it sensitive to shift, try doing an online consult and get another opinion. It’s so important for people in the medical profession to stay up to date with the latest advancements in medicine & technology. Are they aware of UR family's health history? During times of Emergency knowing yours and UR family’s history can be extremely beneficial. Being aware of UR allergies, medical history, family history, habits, lifestyle and environment play a huge role in times of emergency. Updating UR doctor with UR yearly family health check reports can be a huge leap towards taking responsibility for UR health. Are they available and accessible when you need them? It’s important that UR family doctor makes you a priority and is available when you need them. If they are too busy, it’s worth a change. Comfort is built through availability and accessibility. Remember they need you as much as you need them. Do they have tie-ups with teaching institutes, multi-speciality hospitals and other experts? This can be a deal-breaker because every individual should get the right medical treatment they deserve. UR family doctor should work with a set of experts to gain knowledge as well as a second opinion. Associations with multi-speciality hospitals or educational institutions help gain knowledge as well as access to a trusted network of experts at the time of need. I’m not saying this just because of Apollo, but I know how group practice works and how important it is for the doctor and patients to get a second opinion. UR safety is way more important than the doctor’s ego.
Overpopulation And Ecological Imbalance
As the number of people grows, there is going to be a higher demand for resources. The world population will soon reach a critical level, and we will quickly start worrying about the scarcity of natural resources. We already know that to sustain life on this planet, we need minimal natural resources. Our world has minimal arable land and living space. It doesn't contain enough supplies to feed and accommodate our rapidly growing population. This situation will eventually lead to a limited satisfaction of individual needs and demands as the natural resources themselves are getting exhausted. Every year, the 11th of July is observed as 'World Population Day.' This day is meant to raise awareness programs on global population issues. The increase in population has led to many consequences that adversely affect the people living on this planet. One of the significant problems we are facing today is global warming. Due to the higher demand for resources and minimal effort to produce sustainable forms of energy, the planet is suffering this phenomenon. We cannot say that the extreme changes in the temperature, landslides, pollution, depletion of the ozone layer, earthquakes, deforestation, lack of fuel and scarcity of food and water are not the effects of overpopulation. On the other hand, there are various social and economic problems associated with overpopulation. Underdeveloped countries suffer from the direct effects of industrialization, and are the underlying cause of overpopulation. Over billions of people are living under the poverty line and lack access to food and shelter. As a result, many of these people die due to starvation, malnutrition and lack of housing every day while the rich enjoy the abundance of food shelter. The demand for food is more in developing countries. In the developed countries, the increase in wealth has rapidly increased the standards of living, giving their population more spending power and ultimately leading to increased demands for essential resources, as well as luxuries. Many developed countries import gross amounts of food which in return causes other countries to face shortage leading to an increase in food prices globally which causes a gross imbalance and wreaks havoc in the economy. Causes of overpopulation It is common knowledge that China is the world's number one populous country and India is the second. Still, tentatively there is a belief that India might overtake the world population in the next few decades. The main factor that leads to overpopulation in India is as follow. 1. The birth rate is higher when compared to the death rate. India had been able to successfully decrease the death rate but has not been able to control the rapidly increasing birth rate. 2. The tendency to marry early in India is a crucial reason that leads to overpopulation. Even if the constitution states that a girl cannot marry before the age of 18, an early marriage system still prevails freely in India, which subsequently results in early childbearing. 3. Illiteracy and poverty is another factor. People have a notion that the more the number of children in the family, the more the income. We still are yet to know more about the birth control method and contraceptive, and they are hesitant to discuss it. Also, India still lags behind in using effective birth control methods. Effect of Overpopulation 1. The rate of unemployment is rising quickly 2. A rise in the slum area, traffic congestion and overcrowded housing 3. Lack of education and health care 4. Rise in the cost of food and living due to the decrease in production and a rise in consumption 5. Unequal distribution of income leading to poverty Controlling Overpopulation 1. The government should take up various measures to overcome the problem of overpopulation in a more determined manner 2. The literacy rate should be increased, and awareness programs should be set up on the effects of overpopulation and prominent families 3. Distribute male sterilization and spacing in birth 4. Encourage female empowerment to avoid early marriage It is high time the people are made more aware about the ill-effects of overpopulation because it is in our hands to save the planet and make it sustainable to live comfortably for an extended period and also to make sure the generations that follow have natural resources left for them too.
Are UR Current Problems Connected To A Previous Life?
Dormant memories from a previous lifetime can adversely affect our present life in various ways. There are also certain things we may experience in our daily life that may have a deeper meaning or explanation. Many of us are fascinated by paranormal, clairvoyant phenomenon and also the concept of Déjà vu, which interestingly means, ‘you’ve lived through the present circumstances before.’ Let’s say there’s an alternate reality where time is infinite and the past, present and the future can coexist in one moment and UR present life may be one of the specks of what makes UR soul and its identity a whole! Sometimes, certain ailments cannot be cured by medical science. In such a scenario, therapists claim that past life regression therapy (PLRT) can help you get over certain physical, emotional and mental ailments that may be causing you distress. This is because it is believed that suppressed or dormant memories can sometimes get manifested in physical or psychological problems. Moreover, a past life imprint can show itself as an illness, pain or disease, all of which can hold you back from reaching your full potential. What is past life regression? Past life regression therapy taps into our subconscious mind to relive what practitioners believe to be memories of our past lives or incarnations. Time and space cease to exist when we begin to explore different dimensions in altered states of consciousness and unveil the previous chapters of our life. Alternatively, we see several layers of truth where all representations of our past lives exist concurrently. So while our souls are reincarnated many times, we end up carrying forward our regrets, fears or unsolved issues from our past lives into our present life. Reincarnation You may be surprised to know that your soul may have been reincarnated several times! Many past life regression sessions have even astonished the practitioner and the soul-searcher with the accurate details presented during a session. This could mean that the reason behind your fears or ‘strange feelings’ may be as old as time! People all over the world have been trying regression therapy to find the root cause of their unexplained phobias, pains, unresolved feelings or to connect with a departed loved one. But only after making that connection and finding the root cause of a persistent issue can individuals get cured and balance their karma. Past regression therapy has helped many relive and resolve some of their innermost thoughts that they may have carried over from their previous lives. Connecting with the spirit world It is frequently observed that our feelings are often more intensified when we lose a loved one from the physical realm. So if you’ve lost a loved one and feel that they are watching over you, it may be because they actually are! Spooked? Don’t be. Experts feel we don’t have any reason to fear because at times, a departed soul just wants to connect with a loved one and may also utilise physical mediums to do so. These encounters can offer individuals the much-needed reassurance and closure they may be seeking after the death of their loved ones. In some instances, spirits find objects, memories or some thread when they are trying to communicate with us. Additionally, when we are soul-searching, we open a channel of communication which helps us reveal parts of our previous lives. But just as science hasn't come close to fully explaining the remarkable workings of the human psyche and psychic phenomena, similarly past regression therapy doesn't offer what would be universally accepted as scientific proof to back up its assertions. However, regression therapy has undoubtedly proven to help many people find their life's purpose and in some cases also assist them in reconnecting with their lost loved ones. Heal UR Life After losing a loved one, reconnecting with them via past life regression has provided many people with emotional healing. Fascinatingly, eighty per cent of people who've tried past life regression therapy have found their peace. Furthermore, it’s definitely comforting to know that our loved ones never really die but are actually around (though not physically) and we can communicate with them by using the right medium. According to experts, when a person dies, the soul which is immortal moves on in its journey as it is ever evolving and in the process of discovering itself. We need to respect this. Cause & Effect Everything is connected and happens for a reason. Unveiling the root cause of a specific phobia or a suppressed feeling has helped many heal and overcome their fears. So if UR suffering from something that science cannot explain, try past life regression therapy to bring about harmony in UR life. Remember, UR present life can also influence UR past life or other life for precisely the same reason. This is why we always need to be mindful of the choices we make.
Caring For UR Eyes & UR Contact Lenses
Wearing glasses can pose to be a hindrance for certain physical activities, especially sports and athletics. Therefore, the use of contact lenses has significantly grown around the world and it is here to stay, as it is very easy to use them. However, a majority of individuals use contact lenses for cosmetic reasons. These thin lens that are placed directly on the eye has come a long way since its introduction, in terms of the material that is used in manufacturing (hard, semisoft or gas permeable and soft), wearability, oxygen permeability and more importantly, comfort. Types Of Contact Lenses And How To Use Them Nowadays, about 90 to 95 per cent people use soft contact lenses worldwide, due to their comfort and availability Contact lenses are available in many varieties depending on usage time and replacement: Daily disposable lenses – popular, good but expensive – discard after a single use. Weekly disposable lenses – change them every week. Biweekly, monthly or three-month disposables. Yearly lenses – though it can be used approximately for one year, if you have discomfort and if you notice deposits on the lens or if the lens is damaged, replace it immediately. Spherical lenses are the most prevalent variety used. Toric lenses are for those who have high cylinder power. Bifocals or multifocal contacts for those who need distant and near vision. Coloured contact lenses to alter the appearance of your natural eye colour. Extended wear contact lenses – this type of contact lens is designed to be worn overnight, and they need to be removed for cleaning and disinfection once a week. It is strongly recommended that contact lenses should be removed before sleeping. The eyes need oxygen. So while awake, during constant movements of the eye, sufficient oxygen reaches the eyes. But when you sleep with your contact lenses in, the amount of oxygen is reduced to your eyes, making your eyes vulnerable to infection and the development of corneal ulcers. Corneal infections (ulcers) are very serious, difficult to treat and may lead to corneal blindness, especially if neglected and delayed. Problems With Using Contact Lenses For Too Long Blurred vision – dryness Irritation of eyes – due to allergy Pain Sensitivity to light Excessive watering Overgrowth of surrounding blood vessels near the cornea Red eyes What Not To Do Don’t use your lenses for beyond eight to ten hours a day. Avoid lenses on weekends and as soon as you reach home. Don’t overuse lenses and stick to the stipulated duration as suggested by the ophthalmologist. Quote Change the solution in the contact lens case every day to avoid any eye infections. Overtime the comfort comes down and wearable time gets reduced. This is known as contact lens intolerance. So if you experience any of the above mentioned problems discontinue using your lenses and meet your eye care practitioner for advice. Contact Lenses Hygeine Dos & Don’ts Of Using Contact Lenses A regular eye check-up as suggested by your eye care specialist Change the solution in the contact lens case every day Clean your hands while inserting and removing contact lenses Clear your contact lens case every week Check the contact lens daily before use Look for dust and deposits on the lens Look for cracks and tears, especially at the edges Discard damaged lenses
Are Birth Control Pills Safe?
Birth control pills or oral contraceptive pills are hormonal medications that prevent pregnancy. These may contain combinations of the hormones estrogen and progestin or progestin alone. They are one of the methods of birth control and spacing between children. How It Works While the pill obstructs the ovaries from releasing eggs every month (ovulation), it also thickens the mucus inside the neck of the womb. It prevents the sperm from penetrating the womb and reach an egg. It also lessens the lining of the womb so that there is less probability of a fertilised egg infusing into the womb and grow. Safe Or Unsafe? A 39-year-old study following 46,000 women showed that the pill does not raise death risk and might even help women live longer. Therefore, the birth control pill is an accepted and highly effective method of birth control, if taken correctly. Moreover, the tablet has less than one per cent failure rate. For women who miss taking their medicines, the lack of success rate elevates roughly to eight per cent. Otherwise, eight out of a hundred women become pregnant unintentionally. Beginning on the first day of your period: If you start the combined pill on the first day of your period (day one of your menstrual cycle), you will be straight away safeguarded from pregnancy and will not need additional contraception. Beginning on the fifth day of your cycle or before: In case you start the pill on the fifth day of your period or earlier, you will need additional contraception, such as barrier methods until the next cycle. Care Instructions On The Combined Pill In case there are no medical reasons involved, you can take the pill until menopause. However, you should avoid the pill if you are pregnant, are a smoker and aged 35 or more, have stopped smoking less than a year ago, are overweight and take certain medications. Additionally, you should also avoid the pill if you have (or have had): • Thrombosis (a blood clot) in your vein, maybe in your leg or lungs • Anyone in your close family below the age group of 45 with a blood clot • Stroke or any other disease that reduces the functioning of the arteries • Severe migraine, especially with aura (warning symptoms) • Breast cancer • Any disease of the gallbladder or liver • A heart irregularity or heart disease, including high blood pressure • Diabetes with complications or diabetic for the past 20 years Advantages & Disadvantages Of Using Birth Control Pills • You will have lighter periods and also less frequent periods • The birth control pill can reduce heavy bleeding, pain and severity of endometriosis and fibroid tumours • The intake of birth control pills may reduce the risk of pelvic inflammatory disease, uterine cancer and ovarian cancer Side Effects • A woman’s general danger of blood clots is approximately one in 10,000. Still, due to the higher risk for blood clots, strokes, and heart attacks, estrogen-containing birth control is not advisable if you have the above risk factors • The hormones in the pill can alter the level of your sexual desire • You may also notice spotting or bleeding between periods (this is more common with progestin-only pills) sore breasts, nausea, or headaches • Acne or premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) may also get exacerbated due to birth control pills
Celebrating The Red Cross Society
Keeping humanity alive through voluntary humanitarian work across the globe, Red Cross Society is spread in more than 180 countries. Their fundamental principles are to help during a disaster, emergencies and provide healthcare to people that are from the vulnerable communities. To celebrate the establishment of such a wonderful organization, the 8th of May is marked as World Red Cross and Red Crescent Day. COVID-19 Crisis On the international forefront, the IRCF (International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies) is working on guidance, preparedness, contingency, recovery after the pandemic, Staff/volunteer health and wellbeing, mental health and psychosocial support, risk communication, community engagement, rapid training for community response, water, sanitation, hygiene, basic needs and shelters. They are also raising funds with a target of a hundred and fifty million dollars to help people during the COVID-19 pandemic. The Indian Red Cross Society set up a mobile blood collection units as it’s one of the essential service needed to save lives. Psychosocial Counselling and ensuring the safety of staff and volunteers supporting them during this time of crisis is also available. More than forty thousand volunteers in the country are working around the clock to help vulnerable people with groceries, cooked food, hygiene kits, medicines, drinking water, face masks, sanitizers, towels and ambulance services wherever needed. In the recent Vizag Gas Leakage Tragedy, IRCS volunteers helped in the evacuation and announcement of precautions. They also distributed food & water among the affected families. As their core principles suggest, they are helping in everything they could with a kind heart. Visit www.vizagsafe.in for updated information the unfortunate incident or call 1800 4250 0009. If you are stranded are starving please call 9537622758/ 8790015666. Foundation The establishment of such an organization has an interesting starting point. During the Franco - Austrian war of 1859, a young businessman named Jean Henry Dunant was horrified at the view of injured soldiers helplessly waiting on the battlefield for medical care. After pitching the idea of relief services at an international conference, Geneva, Red Cross Movement took shape. Honouring the country he was born in, he chose an inverted cross of the Swiss national flag as an emblem for Red Cross. Indian Red Cross Society (IRCS) World War I left Indian soldiers without a major relief service to treat their injured body. Though the British Red Cross was established, it was not able to help all those soldiers in need. A bill passed in 1920 to set up an Indian Red Cross Society (IRCS) independent from the British Red Cross helped the organization to stay rooted in India. It operated all over the country through the Delhi headquarter. The Seven Principles Any staff, volunteer or supporter of Red Cross Society represents and abides seven principles that are the core of this organization. They are, 1. Humanity: Budding from respect towards human beings, the Red Cross works to ease the pain inflicted on humans. They are the strong advocates of reducing human suffering without discriminating them on any basis. 2. Impartiality: To treat people solely based on the medical emergency they pose and tend to their needs accordingly. They will not discriminate people based on nationally, race, religious beliefs, class or political opinions. 3. Neutrality: To win the trust of all, the representatives and supporters stay away from controversies that mainly stem from associating themselves with political, racial, religious or ideological vocal views. 4. Independence: They retain their autonomy status in the countries they are established in by abiding the laws of the respective countries. It gives them the authority to offer their services to mankind independently. 5. Voluntary service: It is not prompted by a desire for gain in any manner. 6. Unity: Only one Red Cross or Red Crescent establishment should be there in a country. While carrying out their humanitarian services, they should encourage understanding, fellowship, cooperation and lasting peace amongst everyone. 7. Universality: Red Cross doesn't discriminate. The 189 countries have equal status and share similar responsibilities. They believe in helping each other. Programmes in India Promoting humanitarian principles and values: To help people by promoting the above seven core values and believes. Disaster Relief: Provides relief during natural calamities like drought, earthquake, floods, cyclones and other natural disasters. Disaster response: Cater to the needs of people who are hit by disasters and are vulnerable. Disaster preparedness: A workshop is conducted based on strategic planning, community preparedness, disaster management structure, etc. Other Activities • Blood Bank • Awareness and prevention of HIV / AIDS • Hospital Services • Home for Disabled Servicemen • Vocational Training Centre • Tracing Activities • Maternity and Child Welfare • Family Welfare • Nursing How To Volunteer For The Red Cross Society Wanting to do something for the community is a noble thought. IRCS provides you with a path to bring some joy to the needy. Here is how you can serve. Consult UR nearby Red Cross branch Enrol Go through the orientation process Get to know the several viable ways that IRCS provides you to serve Get in touch with UR team and do UR bit And just like that, you opt to serve this historical society!